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What is Planck's Quantum Theory?

Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Hint: We know that to solve this question, we need to briefly discuss the origin of the Planck Quantum Theory. Then we can discuss the as well as other test cases and uses of this theory. The problems with explaining such phenomena revolved around the nature of emission of radiation from hot bodies.

According to Planck’s quantum theory, Different atoms and molecules can emit or absorb energy in discrete quantities only. The smallest amount of energy that can be emitted or absorbed in the form of electromagnetic radiation is known as quantum. The energy of the radiation absorbed or emitted is directly proportional to the frequency of the radiation. The energy of radiation is expressed in terms of frequency as$,\text{ }E=h\nu .$
Where, $E$ is the energy of tradition; $h$ is the Planck’s constant $(6.626\times 10-34\text{ }J.s)$ ; $\nu$ is the frequency of radiation.