Question
Answers

The oxidation state of iron in \[{{\rm{K}}_4}\left[ {{\rm{Fe}}{{\left( {{\rm{CN}}} \right)}_{\rm{6}}}} \right]\] is:
A ) 1
B ) 4
C ) 3
D ) 2

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: Oxidation State is the total number of electrons either gained or lost by an atom to form a chemical bond with another atom.The sum of the oxidation states of all the atoms for a neutral compound.

Complete step by step answer:
 Oxidation state is also known as the oxidation number. It is the total number of electrons either gained or lost by an atom to form a chemical bond with another atom.
Iron usually forms compounds in which it has either +2 oxidation state or +3 oxidation state. Thus, in compounds such as ferrous chloride and ferrous sulphate, the oxidation state of iron is +2 as it loses 2 electrons during compound formation. On the other hand, in compounds such as ferric chloride and ferric sulphate, the oxidation state of iron is +3 as it loses 3 electrons during compound formation.

Let X be the oxidation state of iron in \[{{\rm{K}}_4}\left[ {{\rm{Fe}}{{\left( {{\rm{CN}}} \right)}_{\rm{6}}}} \right]\]. The oxidation states of potassium and cyanide ions are +1 and -1 respectively. In a neutral molecule, the sum of the oxidation states of all the atoms / ions is zero.
Calculate the oxidation state of iron in \[{{\rm{K}}_4}\left[ {{\rm{Fe}}{{\left( {{\rm{CN}}} \right)}_{\rm{6}}}} \right]\].

\[\begin{array}{c}
4\left( { + 1} \right) + X + 6\left( { - 1} \right) = 0\\
4 + X - 6 = 0\\
X - 2 = 0\\
X = + 2
\end{array}\]

Hence, the oxidation state of iron in \[{{\rm{K}}_4}\left[ {{\rm{Fe}}{{\left( {{\rm{CN}}} \right)}_{\rm{6}}}} \right]\]. is +2.

The correct answer is option D )

Note:
Do not forget to include the oxidation state of potassium cation in the calculation for the oxidation state of iron.