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Sodium acetate on heating with soda lime produce:
(A) $C{{H}_{4}}$
(B) ${{C}_{2}}{{H}_{6}}$
(C) ${{C}_{3}}{{H}_{8}}$
(D) ${{C}_{2}}{{H}_{4}}$

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Last updated date: 16th May 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Sodium salt of carboxylic acid on heating with soda lime produces alkane with one less carbon atom than carboxylic acid. Soda-lime is a mixture of sodium hydroxide and calcium oxide. Acetic acid has two carbon atoms. It is a decarboxylation reaction as there is the elimination of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic acid.

Complete step by step solution:
-Decarboxylation is a method to prepare alkane using sodium salt of carboxylic acid.
-This method can be used when one less carbon atom than carboxylic acid is required or when the number of carbon atoms is to be reduced by one.
-When sodium salt of the carboxylic acid is treated with soda lime which is a mixture of sodium hydroxide and calcium oxide, carbon dioxide is eliminated so an alkane is produced with one less carbon atom than carboxylic acid and sodium bicarbonate is produced as a by-product.
-Calcium oxide is used so Sodium hydroxide can be easily handled. Sodium hydroxide is highly hygroscopic and easily forms concentrated sodium hydroxide when exposed to air. Soda-lime does not absorb moisture easily.
-Soda-lime has the ability to absorb carbon dioxide. When carbon dioxide is eliminated from carboxylic acid, it reacts with sodium hydroxide to form sodium carbonate.

\[C{{H}_{3}}COONa+NaOH\xrightarrow{CaO,\Delta }C{{H}_{4}}+N{{a}_{2}}C{{O}_{3}}\]
When sodium acetate on heating with soda lime, methane is produced.

Sodium acetate on heating with soda lime produce: $C{{H}_{4}}$, which is option (A)

Note: In decarboxylation, the sodium salt of carboxylic acid on heating with soda lime produces alkane with one less carbon atom than a carboxylic acid. In decarboxylation, the product is alkane having one less carbon atom than a carboxylic acid. If ethane is to be prepared, then sodium propionate should be used. IF carboxylic acid has n number of carbon atoms, then alkane produced will have (n-1) carbon atoms.