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How do natural gas compressor stations work?

Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Hint : Clean-burning natural gas is an abundant and vital source of energy that we use every day in our homes, schools and businesses. Thus, equally important is how natural gas is safely and reliably transported. However, you cannot just put gas in a pipeline at one end and expect it to come out of the other end miles away without giving it a push. Hence, compressor stations give it that boost along the way.

Complete step-by-step solution:
A natural gas compressor station is a transmission relay station. There are thousands of miles of gas transmission pipeline. As the consumers take gas off the pipeline system, the pressure is reduced so the transmission relay compressor stations are to be added to boost the pressure in the pipeline. The gas comes in through a suction line into the compressor station.
Then it goes through a filter separator element that takes out any impurities that might be in the gas. The compressor basically is driven by an engine, in some cases, a turbine. The gas goes into the compressor. It boosts the pressure when gas is in the compressor and the gas goes back out into a discharge line from the station.
Further, the gas goes back into the main pipeline on a downstream side at a higher pressure.

The compressor stations are also designed to minimize the noise with highly-engineered soundproofing materials and mufflers. The noise from a compressor is less than 55 decibels at the station’s fence line, which is about as loud as a modern-day dishwasher and many other appliances of our daily activities.