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What is the main role of the genetic material?

Last updated date: 24th Jul 2024
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Hint: Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA, the information of genetics carries them responsible for inherited traits in virtually all organisms. The double-helix structure of DNA discerned in 1953, by James Watson and Francis Crick. The double helix consists of two DNA strands around each other wound in an arrangement that looks like a spiralling staircase or twisting ladder. Linked in pairs the four organic bases of DNA form the steps.

Complete answer:
As it carries information from one generation to another, DNA is the genetic material that is responsible for the inheritance of the traits. The entire genetic information which is stored in the DNA is formed with a nitrogen base- Adenine, Guanine, Thymine and Cytosine. In the form of genes, the genetic material is stored. The DNA replicates itself during the cell division by a process called DNA replication. In the interphase stage of the cell cycle it is present. There are many role of genetic material are as follows:
1. It controls the functions of DNA and RNA.
2. In the development of protein it helps and production of the enzymes.
3. In the growth of DA and RNA cells it helps.
4. It consists of a particular set of instructions or specific functions which are carried only by these genetic materials.

Nucleic acids contain instructions that cells need to carry out the functions of life. The genetic material is stable in nature, it is able to carry and transcribe information. It is also able to mutate to give more variations. An extremely wide variety due to unlimited sequences in which its monomers can exist, the DNA shows this property in genetic material.