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Define radioactive decay and give some examples of it.

Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Hint: In order to discuss the above question, we will be discussing the nuclear materials and one its properties i.e. Radioactive decay. The property of certain forms of matter to spontaneously emit energy and subatomic particles are known as the radioactivity.

Complete step-by-step solution:
We can define the radioactive decay as follows: The spontaneous degradation of the atomic nucleus of a radioactive material that results in the release of radiation from the nucleus is called the Radioactive decay. The nuclide that decay in the radioactive process is referred to as a parent nuclide, a daughter nuclide is referred to the while that is formed. Alpha particles, Beta particles and Gamma rays are examples of ionising radiation that can be emitted. In radionuclides, which are unbalanced atoms, radioactive decay occurs. Isotopes decay constantly in order to stabilize themselves, releasing a large amount of energy in the form of radiations. Common examples of Radioactive decay include – alpha decay, beta decay, proton emission, electron capture etc.

Note: The periodic table’s elements come in a variety of forms. Though others are not stable, some of them are stable. In nature, the most stable type of an element is usually the most common. All elements have an unstable form. Some elements such as the uranium have no stable forms and are always radioactive.