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Cellular pool comprises
A) Tens of biomolecules
B) Hundreds of biomolecules
C) Thousands of biomolecules
D) Hundred thousand of biomolecules

Last updated date: 18th Jul 2024
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A living organism is composed of different chemicals and molecules and collectively they are termed as biomolecules. The collection of these biomolecules, different compounds and ions which are present inside the cell is a cellular pool.

Complete answer:
A cellular pool is a collection of biomolecules, ions, and different compounds(organic and inorganic). It contains two phases-
• Aqueous phase- Homogeneous particles or true solutions( crystalloids) and colloids(produce colloidal solution).
• Non-aqueous phase-These contains the chemicals deposited in the cell membrane or the chromatin of an organism.
There are two types of biomolecules-
• Inorganic- Minerals, gases, water, etc.
• Organic- Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, etc.
Now let’s have a look at an experiment to support our answer-
Suppose we take a sample of tissue from an organism for chemical analysis. It is ground in the laboratory with the help of mortar and pestle in trichloroacetic acid(TCA) and then it is filtered with the help of cheesecloth.
Two products are obtained-
• Filtrate- This is the product that is obtained in the beaker after filtration. It is also known as an acid-soluble pool.
• Retentate- This is the product that is retained in the cheesecloth mesh after filtration was performed. It is known as a non-acid soluble pool.
When this filtrate was further analyzed, the result showed thousands of biomolecules in it.

The cellular pool comprises thousands of biomolecules. So, the correct option is (C).

Note: Biochemistry It is a branch of science which deals with the chemical changes happening in the biological process of our body. Macromolecules are also known as micro macromolecules. The monomers of biomolecules include- Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acid.