What are the causes and harmful effects of deforestation? Write a note.
Hint: Deforestation is a very common aspect now-a-day. Deforestation means cutting and chopping down forests which leads to various environmental problems. Many such problems are common to us but it created a huge impact on the environment. The permanent removal of trees is deforestation, making room for something other than forest.
Complete Explanation: Deforestation is the removal of forests and this is done majorly for agriculture or grazing etc. Causes of deforestation occur when forested areas are cut and cleared to make way for what was mentioned earlier. Natural fires in tropical forests tend to be rare but intense. Human-lit fires are commonly used to clear land for irrigation uses. Many forests are being cleared up for oil plantations. Palm oil is the most produced vegetable oil. Now let us know about factors which produce harmful effects of deforestation- forests can be found from the tropics to high-latitude areas. The way water vapor is generated on the canopy, which causes decreased precipitation, may be deforested in tropical areas. A \[2019\] study shows that the parts of amazon rainforest that were converted to agricultural land had higher soil and air temperature, which can exacerbate drought conditions. In comparison forested land had rates of evapotranspiration that were about three times higher water vapor than air. Trees also absorb carbon-dioxide and greenhouse gases emissions produced by human activity. Deforestation not only removes vegetation that is important for removing carbon dioxide from air, but the act of clearing forests also produces greenhouse gas emission. Solutions for deforestation- Deforestation solutions are quite simple yet effective. We can plant more and more trees as trees are the only source of providing oxygen and fresh air to the environment. It can lower the concentration of carbon dioxide in air as plants are the rich source of oxygen. Control over air pollution is also a major factor.
Note: Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land deterioration is caused by the presence of xenobiotics chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. It is typically caused by industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals etc. bad effects on soil are- soil erosion which wash away all the necessary chemicals required for the plant growth, deforestation is another major factor for soil pollution, losing of animal habitat from forests and building houses, urbanization, buildings, infrastructures also lead to soil pollution. such factors crazily drive the rate of environmental problems.