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**Hint:**The wave is a disturbance in a medium which propagates through propagation of vibration. The properties of the wave are defined by the amplitude, wavelength, frequency etc. We know that the wavelength and frequency are inversely proportional to each other and the reciprocal of frequency is time period. Therefore, using these relations, the highest and lowest of the graphs can be determined without using a ruler.

**Complete answer:**

A wave is a disturbance which moves forward by propagation of the disturbance or vibrations between molecules. The waves are described using different parameters.

Amplitude is the maximum distance that a particle moves from its mean position. The length of crest or trough from the axis is known as amplitude.

Wavelength is the displacement covered by a point on the wave in unit time. Its SI unit is metres ($m$).

Frequency is the number of waves that pass through a point in unit time. It is the reciprocal of time period. Its SI unit hertz ($Hz$).

The time taken to complete one oscillation by a wave is known as time period. Its SI unit is second ($s$).

(a). From the given graphs, the graph with the highest amplitude is

As the height of the crest or trough from the axis is highest, the graph with the lowest amplitude is given below.

(b). The graph with the longest wavelength will be

As the most distance is covered in an oscillation by a particle on this wave while, the graph with the least wavelength is given below.

(c). we know that,

$\nu =\dfrac{c}{\lambda }$

Here, $\nu $ is the frequency

$c$ is the speed of light

$\lambda $ is the wavelength

From the above equation,

$\nu \propto \dfrac{1}{\lambda }$

Therefore, the graph with the highest wavelength will have the lowest frequency and vice versa. Thus, the graph with highest frequency is

While, the graph with lowest frequency is given below

(d). The frequency is the reciprocal of time period. Therefore,

$T=\dfrac{1}{\nu }$

Therefore, the graph with the highest frequency will have the lowest time period and vice versa. Thus, the graph with the highest time period is

And the graph with the lowest time period is given below

Therefore, the graphs with the highest and lowest of the following properties can be determined without using a ruler but just studying the definitions of properties and observing the graphs accordingly.

**Note:**

The wave is usually a trigonometric function and its highest magnitude is its amplitude. The wave represents the oscillation of a body between mean and extreme positions. The crests and troughs are the extreme positions while the point where the wave intersects the axis is the mean position.

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