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**Hint:**This can be solved by laws of radioactive disintegration. The no. of atoms disintegrated per second at any instant is given by radioactive decay law.

$ \text{N}={{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}{{\text{e}}^{-\text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ t}}} $

Here, N0 is No. of atoms originally present.

N is no. of atoms left undecayed in sample t

$ \lambda $ is decay constant.

Relation between half-life and decay constant is,

$ \text{T}=\dfrac{\text{0}\cdot \text{6931}}{\text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ }} $ , This is used to calculate decay constant.

**Complete Step By Step Solution**

We have given Nucleus X whose initial value is $ {{\text{X}}_{0}} $ . Since it converts into Y nucleus after decay,

Ratio of X and Y element is given by $ \dfrac{1}{15} $

Now, $ \text{X}+\text{Y}={{\text{Y}}_{0}} $

$ \text{X}+\text{15X }=\text{ }{{\text{X}}_{0}} $

$ \text{16X}={{\text{X}}_{0}} $

$ \dfrac{{{\text{X}}_{0}}}{\text{X}}=16 $

Or, $ \dfrac{{{\text{N}}_{0}}}{\text{N}}=16 $ where $ {{\text{N}}_{0}} $ and N is the No. of atoms present initially and after decay.

Use radioactive decay law,

$ \text{N}={{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}{{\text{e}}^{-\text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ t}}} $ --------(1)

$ \text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ } $ is decay constant.

t is age of sample

Now, calculate the decay constant from the

Half-life of X = 50 years.

$ \text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ }=\dfrac{0\cdot 693}{50} $

From eq. (1)

$ \dfrac{\text{N}}{{{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}}={{\text{e}}^{-\text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ t}}} $

In $ \dfrac{{{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}}{\text{N}}=\text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ t} $

$ 2\cdot 303\log \dfrac{\text{N}}{{{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}}=\text{ }\!\!\lambda\!\!\text{ t} $

Use the value of $ \dfrac{{{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}}{\text{N}} $ and $ \lambda $ in above eq.

$ 2\cdot 303\log 16=\dfrac{0\cdot 693}{50}\text{t} $

$ \text{t}=\dfrac{50}{0\cdot 693}\times 2\cdot 303\times \log {{2}^{4}} $

$ t=\dfrac{50}{0\cdot 693}\times 2\cdot 303\times 4\log 2 $

$ \text{ }\!\![\!\!\text{ }\therefore \text{log}{{\text{n}}^{\text{m}}}\text{=m logn }\!\!]\!\!\text{ } $

$ \text{t}=200 $ year

This is the required result.

**Note**

We can also use another formula, $ \dfrac{\text{N}}{{{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}}={{\left( \dfrac{1}{2} \right)}^{^{\dfrac{\text{t}}{\text{T}}}}} $

Here, T is half-life

t is the age of radioactive samples.

Use, $ \dfrac{\text{N}}{{{\text{N}}_{\text{0}}}}\text{=}\left( \dfrac{\text{1}}{\text{16}} \right) $ , T = 50 year. (given in question).

$ \dfrac{1}{16}={{\left( \dfrac{1}{2} \right)}^{\dfrac{t}{50}}} $

$ {{\left( 2 \right)}^{-4}}={{\left( 2 \right)}^{\dfrac{-t}{50}}} $

Taking antilog on both sides

$ -4=\dfrac{-t}{50} $ .

t = 200 year.

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