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A diploid parent plant body produces __________ gametes and a haploid parent plant body produces __________ gametes
A) Diploid, haploid
B) Haploid, diploid
C) Diploid, diploid
D) Haploid, haploid

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Last updated date: 18th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: A cell or organism that is diploid has two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent. Except for human sex cells, all human cells are diploid, with 23 pairs of chromosomes. Human sex cells (egg and sperm cells) are haploid, meaning they have only one pair of chromosomes.

Complete answer:
Haploid: The number of chromosomes in gametes (egg or sperm cells) is referred to as haploid. Regular diploid cells in the body, also known as somatic cells, have half the number of chromosomes as gametes.
Diploid: A cell that has two copies of each chromosome is known as a diploid. Nearly every cell in the human body has two identical or nearly identical copies of each chromosome.
A diploid parent plant body produces haploid gametes through reductional division, and a haploid parent plant body produces haploid gametes through reductional division (by equational division).
A diploid parent plant body produces haploid gametes and a haploid parent plant body produces haploid gametes

So, option D is the correct answer.

Note:
Ploidy refers to the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell. The process of meiosis produces four haploid cells. Mitosis is the division of a cell into two diploid cells.