Cyclone and Thunderstorm - Causes & Effects

Thunderstorm and cyclone are both natural phenomena occurring in nature for time immemorial. However, not many are aware of its causes, although they might know about its effects. 

The effects of cyclones and thunderstorms are clearly visible, though the causes are not. Notably, cyclones are often named on the basis of their place of origin, and consequently mostly named in a varying sort of manner in different areas. For instance, these phenomena arising around the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean are usually called hurricanes. On the other hand, when these occur in the Northwest Pacific, they are typically termed typhoons.

So, students must understand the basics related to the reason of cyclone and their occurrences before delving deeper into it. Here is a detailed study on the definitions, cause and effects of cyclones.

What Are Cyclones?

Cyclones are nothing but ocean storms. In simple words, these are storms that take place on a large water body, specifically the ocean. The water spins around an area of low pressure, which is called by the technical term eye. 

The eye is right in the centre of these storms, and the outer portions of the spinning storm give rise to immense wind and rainfall. The causes of cyclone are a continuous rise of hot air and filling of the gap by cool air around.

What Are Thunderstorms?

As the name suggests, thunderstorms are gushes of wind that are accompanied by thunder and lightning. This is mainly caused due to the rising of hot air, similar to cyclones. However, unlike in cyclones, the rapid and continuous rise in warm air causes the wind to move even faster, thereby causing thunderstorms.

To clearly understand this, you should know how are cyclones caused. Consequently, it will also help you in providing clarity on how thunderstorms are formed. Considering the fact that both originate as a result of rapid warm air rising, it is vital to note their differences in detail.

What are the Types of Cyclones?

As already mentioned, cyclones are named differently as different places. However, they are classified into multiple types as well, based on their place of origin. Here is a brief explanation of how are cyclones formed along with their types -

  • Tropical cyclones

  • Polar cyclones

  • Meso cyclones

All these three types have their common reason for cyclone formation. The differences between these types are primarily based on their place of occurence. 

What are the Causes and Effects of Cyclones?

As you look for cyclone causes and effects, go through the following points to gain clarity.

  • They are caused at areas with lower atmospheric pressure.

  • Usually, areas located near the equator face cyclones. 

  • What causes cyclones is the rising of warm air over the ocean surface.

  • Once the warm air rises up, the surrounding cool air rushes into these empty space.

  • The cool air heats up and again rises in the atmosphere.

  • This process goes on taking place continuously. 

  • The rapid rise causes the formation of an eye-like structure in the centre. 

  • Likewise, the low-pressure area gets continually filled with high-pressure wind.

Hence, the above step by step process explains the causes of cyclone in points. You must note, the effect of both cyclones and thunderstorms can be devastating with damage to life, as well as property. These are often responsible for flash floods caused by heavy rainfall which accompanies them. 

To know more about thunderstorm and cyclone, you can look into our online learning programs for a clear understanding. You can even download our Vedantu app for convenient user experience and access to detailed study material on every topic in your curricula.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are Cyclones?

Cyclones are wind storms accompanied with heavy rainfall at low-pressure areas. They are caused due to a continuous process of rising of hot air over the ocean surface. This vacant space is then occupied by the cool air around, which further heats up and rises.

2. How are Thunderstorms Different from Cyclones?

Both thunderstorm and cyclone are nearly the same due to their cause of occurrence. However, a cyclone can be said to be more of a rotating or spinning wind. Contrarily, a thunderstorm may not always be spinning in nature.

3. Why are the Effects of Cyclones?

To know the effects of cyclones, it is essential to understand what are the main causes of cyclones. As the cyclone causes a tremendous wind and rainfall, it usually leads to the destruction of property and loss of lives in the areas where it occurs.