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Thunderstorm

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Thunderstorm Meaning

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Thunderstorms occur in a violent manner which is short-lived. This is the disturbance in the weather that is associated with lightning, thunder, dense clouds, also with the pouring of heavy rain and the blowing of strong and gusty winds. These storms occur in the layers of warm, moist air which rises in a large, and in the swift updraft to the cooler regions of the atmosphere. The moisture which is contained in the updraft then condenses to form the towering cumulonimbus clouds and, then eventually, the precipitation. After the phenomenon, the columns of cooled air sinks earthward, after striking the ground with the strong downdrafts and with the horizontal winds. At this time, the electrical charges accumulate on the cloud particles that are with water droplets and ice. 

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Scattered Thunderstorms Meaning 

Scattered thunderstorms generally indicate that it will rain heavily at some other place. While, if it does not rain at those places where you are located it might rain somewhere else.  

On the scattered thunderstorm days, this area will as well experience the storm in intermissions or "off and on" throughout a day, this may also come with multiple rounds of thunderstorms. For thunderstorm forecasts, greater than 60 percent of the affected area will experience thunderstorms, and also rain.

Thunderstorm Formation 

Thunderstorms form when the warm and the moist air rises into the cold air. The warm air becomes cooler with this, this causes moisture, called the water vapor, to form the small water droplets, this is called the process of condensation. The cooled airdrops which are lower in the atmosphere get warmer and rise again.

The thunder is caused by the rapid expansion of the air which surrounds the path of a lightning bolt. As the lightning connects to the ground from the clouds, the second stroke of lightning will also return from the ground to the clouds, then the same channel as the first strike will occur.

Thunder and Lightning Storm 

A thunderstorm is also known as the electrical storm or as the lightning storm, this is a storm that is characterized by the presence of lightning, and the acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere is known as thunder. Relatively the weaker thunderstorms are at times called the thundershowers.

Lightning that occurs naturally is actually the electrostatic discharge, where the two electrically charged regions in the atmosphere or the ground will get temporarily equalized by themselves, this will cause the instantaneous release of one gigajoule of energy.

Lightning is known to be an electrical discharge, this is caused by the imbalances which are between the storm clouds and the ground, or within the clouds themselves. Lightning occurs within the clouds. Here the heat causes the surrounding air to rapidly expand and then vibrate, this creates the loud thunder which we hear for a short time after we see a lightning flash.

What are Isolated Thunderstorms?

Isolated thunderstorms occur in places where there are lights winds which do not change dramatically with the height it also happens at places where there is abundant moisture at the low and at the middle levels of the atmosphere—which is, from near the surface of the ground that is up to around 10,000 meters (33,000 feet) measured in altitude.

What do we mean by isolated thunderstorms weather reports? 

A storm that is scattered or isolated will have nothing to do with the intensity or with the severity of the storms. While, if the forecast calls for the isolated storms, then there will be only one or two storms that are expected in an area while, the rest of the day will be storm-free.

Why Does a Thunderstorm Occurs?

Thunderstorms occur and develop in any type of geographic location while frequently within the mid-latitudes, where the warm and moist air rising from the tropical latitudes meets with the cooler air from the polar latitudes. The thunderstorms are responsible for the development and for the formation of many severe weather phenomena.

Rains occur more often at night this is because the earth is this time cooler and the atmosphere will not be able to retain the moisture which is during the day for the warm air. The Storms would be more as powerful at night for the exact same reason.

Thunderstorms will bring heavy rains that cause flash flooding, with the gust of strong winds, hail, and lightning and even tornadoes. Severe thunderstorms may cause extensive damage to homes and property. Lightning will be a major threat during this thunderstorm.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Atmosphere?

Ans. The atmosphere is defined as the blanket of gases that surrounds the Earth. The atmosphere is to be held near the surface of the planet by the Earth's gravitational attraction. Without the atmosphere, there will be no life existing on Earth. The atmosphere makes the climate on Earth moderate as compared to that of another planet’s atmosphere.


The Earth's atmosphere comprises – nitrogen (78 percent), Oxygen (21 percent), Argon (0.9 percent), Other Gases (0.1 percent). Also, traces of the amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, also neon are some of the other gases which make up that remaining 0.1 percent.

2. What is meant by Condensation?

Ans. Condensation is defined as the change of water from its own gaseous form that is water vapor into liquid water. Condensation generally occurs in the atmosphere when warm air rises, cools, and then loses its capacity to hold the water vapor. Due to this, excess water vapor condenses to form cloud droplets.


This is the process by which the water vapor in the air gets changed into the form of liquid water. The phase will then change what accompanies the water as it moves between the vapor, liquid, and solid form. It is then exhibited in the arrangement of the water molecules. The water molecules in the vapor form are arranged more randomly than in the liquid form of water.

3. Explain Gigajoule of Energy.

Ans. A gigajoule which is abbreviated as GJ is equal to 1 billion joules. A joule is the measure of energy that is required to be sent in an electrical current of one ampere via the resistance of one ohm for a second.