In the NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf, you will get a chance to learn about the history of craft in this country and its gradual progression over the years. Moreover, it also presents a synopsis of the challenges that crafts can face in this country, and discusses the strategies to resolve them.
This NCERT books class 12 craft tradition of India is divided into three units, and each unit consists of three chapters.
You can download the craft traditions of India NCERT class 12 from the links given above.
This unit explores the development of craft and craft skills in this country over centuries. It portrays how crafts have become a highly specialised art form and its response to the economic and cultural changes in this country. Moreover, this unit consists of three chapters –
This chapter of NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf begins with an explanation of the role of craftsmen in Indian society. It moves further to interpret how craft has become a specialised activity in this country. It is such an intricate and complex work, that communities specialised in producing particular crafts.
Furthermore, this chapter also includes a discussion about the following points –
Relationship between a craftsman and a client
Problem-solving nature of various items
Specialisation of craftsmen
Trade Guilds or Shrenis
Social dimensions of crafts production
The Jajmani system
Treasure troves of Indian Crafts
The primary emphasis of this chapter is to inform you about the role of crafts in ancient Indian society.
This chapter of craft traditions of India NCERT class 12 explores the ancient history of India’s crafts and the trading associated with it. India’s history of trading crafts started almost 5000 years ago during Harappa civilisation, with ancient Greece and Rome.
It further explains the beauty and brilliance of Indian craftsmanship and prosperity of associated raw materials. This wealth of exquisite Indian crafts attracted traders from other countries and ultimately led to the colonial rule in this country.
Furthermore, it also portrays the threat to this handicraft industry during the industrial revolution in Europe. The emergence of machines poses a considerable challenge in front of the Indian craftsmen.
This chapter underlines Gandhiji’s philosophy of swaraj. His idea was to make the Indian villages self-sufficient via crafts and handmade items and reduce their dependency on industrial goods.
This view of Mahatma Gandhi regarding self-sufficient society derived directly from his idea of non-violence. He believed that industrial civilisation is primarily based on a circle of continuous production. Hence, it creates greed and competition, which ultimately results in violence and war.
The exercise associated with this chapter of living craft traditions of India NCERT class 12 pdf will help you to understand this concept better.
This unite explores the Indian handicraft industry post-independence and review its challenges. Similar to the previous unit, it has three chapters as well.
In the first chapter of this unit, you learn about the handicraft industry after independence. Even though the government focused on industrialisation in the initial years of the post-independent period, soon they realise the importance of handicraft industry. This industry was spread across the country and had the potential to generate substantial revenue via exports.
To support this industry further, the Government of India introduced various schemes and programmes. Additionally, they built multiple institutions to provide adequate training to the associated individuals and research and development in the field.
Furthermore, the government also assisted these individuals to export their products to foreign countries. The exercise section of the NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf allows students to get a better understanding of the topic.
This chapter of living craft traditions of India NCERT class 12 portrays the current condition of the craftsmen in this country. Despite efforts from various government and non-governmental agencies, the handicraft industry in India is struggling. One of the primary reason behind that is low market demand for such goods.
Apart from that, lack of capital, training, literacy, poverty, etc. are also contributing to the downfall of this industry. Additionally, the lack of natural raw materials is also a significant factor here.
Handicraft industry in India is primarily rural. Associated workers mainly use traditional techniques, along with simple tools to make these products. Typically, these workers learn these techniques from their families. They also collect raw materials from their area and sell their produce to the local markets.
However, these techniques are now proving to be outdated. Hence, the demand for new production and marketing techniques to globalise these products is increasing.
The exercise section at the end of this chapter of NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf is useful to gain a better understanding of this topic.
This unit underlines the current challenges of this industry and try to provide an outline for the future. Moreover, it gives you a chance to get involved in this discussion. You can think about your role in the betterment of this industry and associated individuals. You can take part in creating effective marketing strategies, which will honour the work of these individuals.
This section of the living craft traditions of India NCERT class 12 evaluates the pros and cons of an urban craft bazaar as a marketing strategy for this industry. This chapter then moves further into the principal of the marketing strategy.
Additionally, it describes the advantages of this particular plan and how it can provide a platform to the craftspeople. They can come to such dedicated markets and showcase their products to the world. Moreover, it will increase their earnings and make them independent.
At the latter section of this chapter, you can find the disadvantages of such bazaars. Furthermore, the exercise section will help you learn more.
Tourism in India is on the rise, and handicraft industry has a close association with it. The nature of tourism has changed, and now individuals are travelling for leisure. As a result, they often look for local handicraft items to take back as a souvenir.
This has presented an enormous opportunity to the handicraft business. In this chapter, you will learn a case study on how to analyse the market potential and measure to reap the benefits of this opportunity.
Moreover, tourism has presented a new market, and creative solutions can help the craftsmen to improve their quality of life. Additionally, practice the exercise section of craft traditions of India NCERT class 12 to understand this chapter better.
The penultimate chapter of this NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf underlines the idea of using modern technologies to improve this sector. Machines, training programmes, marketing plans that are tailor-made for this industry are required to improve the quality of products and its maker.
Moreover, around 20 million of this country’s working population is associated with this sector. Therefore, a well-trained workforce like this can generate substantial revenue for the country. This chapter offers an in-depth analysis of the assistance that these people require and their outcomes. It shows how the contemporary approach is needed to tackle modern challenges.
There are several reasons for the popularity of NCERT books. The CBSE issues these books, and they are followed by academic institutions operating under this board. Here are some of the popular reasons why students and teachers prefer NCERT books –
NCERT books are known for their authentic information. Facts and figures mentioned in these books are always double-checked. Additionally, the resources are also verified before the final draft. Hence, students can trust the information discussed here.
Another reason behind the popularity of these books is their presentation of any topic. Subject experts are responsible for creating these books, and they perform extensive research on every topic. As a result, chapters are incredibly detailed, and they cover every aspect of a particular topic.
This nature of offering comprehensive knowledge of a subject has made these books popular among teachers and students.
Apart from being comprehensive, NCERT books also focus on explaining the basic concepts at the beginning. If a student does not understand the basics of a particular topic, he/she may lose interest in that topic. Hence, this specific emphasis on basic concepts.
Moreover, NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdfs are designed for uncomplicated reading. They have a simple and clutter-free design, which grabs the attention of students. Additionally, these books are designed, keeping all kinds of students in mind.
Furthermore, these books are written in a lucid language. Hence, students can easily understand the topics.
Exercise sections of theses NCERT books are designed in a way, which increases the problem-solving ability of a student. Moreover, these sections also act as an essential practice set for students. Therefore, practising them increases the chances of finding more common questions in the exam.
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1. How many chapters are there in NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf?
There are a total of nine chapters in the NCERT class 12 craft tradition of India pdf. These chapters are divided into three units. Crafts in the Past, Colonial Rule and Crafts, and Mahatma Gandhi and Self-sufficiency constitute the first unit. The second unit has Handloom and Handicrafts Revival, The Crafts Community Today, and Production and Marketing. Lastly, the third unit comprises Crafts Bazaars, Craft in the Age of Tourism, and Design and Development.
2. What is the point of discussion in unit one of the living craft traditions of India NCERT class 12?
Unit One (overview of the past) discusses the development of craft in India from the Harappan civilisation. Additionally, it also shows how crafts have become a highly specialised art form and the influence of cultural and economic changes on these crafts.
3. What is the unit two of NCERT books class 12 craft tradition of India reflects?
The points of discussion in unit two, i.e. crafts survival, are the handicraft industry in India after independence. This section shed light on the challenges that the handicraft industry faced during this period. Besides, it also depicts the government’s involvement during this period.
4. What does the unit three of NCERT books class 12 craft tradition of India pdf describes?
This unit underlines the existing challenges of this industry. Additionally, it makes an effort to provide an outline for the future of this industry. Apart from that, students can participate in forming a marketing strategy for the handicraft industry in India that will honour the works of artisans.
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