When children advance to year 4, they are introduced to multiplication and division. Although children may have a basic understanding of the multiplication operation from earlier grades, it is critical that they have a firm grasp of the fundamentals of multiplication. Place value, number facts, factor pairs, commutativity, and inverse operations in mental calculations are among the topics that are required for a better knowledge of multiplication in year 4. The article discusses major concepts covered in multiplication during the year. The article also discusses several crucial strategies that parents and teachers may use to help children have a better understanding of the topic.
Topics Covered in Multiplication for Year 4
The simple multiplication procedure is one of the concepts covered in year 4. The notion of multiplication is introduced to the children. Children are also taught to memorise tables till 12. If a child understands the table, even the most difficult arithmetic problems are simple to answer. The second important thing that students are taught in the multiplication for year 4 is the use of number place. Kids are taught to use multiplication facts to solve division calculations. Kids are taught the multiplication of three-digit numbers. Another important concept that is taught to kids under the topic of multiplication is the factor pairs. A factor pair is a set of numbers multiplied together to get a certain number.
Three and two, for example, are a factor pair of six. Students are taught to apply what he or she has learned to solve the questions. They will also apply their commutativity understanding to conceptually solve multiplication problems.
How Can Parents Help Kids?
It is important to understand that as a kid progresses in higher grades they are introduced to various concepts in every subject, hence, it is important for parents to have active participation. This can help kids to develop a better understanding of the concept and excel academically. Below are some tips that can be used to create a deeper understanding of the topics taught in multiplication for year 4 kids.
Memorising tables is a necessary ability for grasping mathematical concepts. By engaging with children, parents can assist them in memorising the table. Parents or instructors can print colourful cards with the number tables on them and study them with their children.
Use the Concepts of Mathematics in Day to Day Life
Parents can help kids to practise multiplication facts in everyday settings. For example, if parents are out for grocery shopping and have bought three packages of multipack crisps, each of which contains six packets, you may encourage your child to calculate how many packets of crisps one will have in total. Discuss the method they took to arrive at their conclusion. This can help kids to develop their speed while calculating simple numbers. Apart from academic importance, it is a very useful life skill that can help kids to better adjust to society.
Playing games that use the concept of mathematics is one of the best ways to engage kids in the topic while having fun. One such game named play 21 is mentioned here as an example.
In this game, parents can request that kids throw a dice five times and write down each number on a piece of paper. 1, 4, 3, 5, 3 are some examples. They must next use any operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) on the numbers to arrive at the number 1 as result. Kids can only use each number once, and each computation must include at least two numbers. For example, we may calculate 3 3, 5 – 4, 4 – 3, and so on to get the answer of 1. Then, using any operation, have your youngster find a calculation with a 2 as the result, then a 3 as an answer, and so on until they reach 21.
Encouraging Kids to Use Different Strategies to Solve a Question
Children will learn a number of conceptual and informal multiplication procedures, as well as some formal approaches such as column multiplication, in school. To master these methods, choose a multiplication issue and solve it with your kid as they work out the answer independently. Your techniques should be analyzed and compared. Discuss which strategy is preferred and why. Students will be able to apply the best technique for any given question using this method since they will be able to use a variety of strategies. You may help kids gain confidence in both formal and informal procedures by enabling them to practice a range of approaches to multiplying numbers.
This concluded our discussion on how to teach multiplication for year 4. We looked into some of the methods that can assist students to gain a better knowledge of the subject, as well as the basic concepts that are taught in the topic. A key element to keep in mind is that a child's talents can be improved via consistent practice. Finally, we hope that we have provided some insight into the basics of multiplication.