Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

# The stress versus strain graphs for wires of two materials (A)and (B) are as shown in the figure. If ${Y_A}$and ${Y_B}$ are Young's moduli of the materials, then:(A) ${Y_B} = 2{Y_A}$(B) ${Y_B} = {Y_A}$(C) ${Y_B} = 3{Y_A}$(D) $3{Y_B} = {Y_A}$

Last updated date: 15th Sep 2024
Total views: 80.1k
Views today: 2.80k
Verified
80.1k+ views
.Hint. We solve this question by finding the values of Young’s modulus for both the materials. We find Young’s modulus by finding the slope of the line in the graph for each material. We find the slope by using trigonometric properties. The angle made by the line in the stress vs strain graph is already given. By using these angles in trigonometry properties to find Young’s modulus we get a relation between ${Y_A}$and ${Y_B}$

Complete step by step answer. The slope of stress vs strain graph gives us Young’s modulus.
In the graph, we are given the angle made by the line in the stress vs strain graph in both cases.
We know that slope is equal to $\tan \theta$
In the case of material (A)
The slope is equal to $\tan 60^\circ$
Material (B)
The slope is equal to $\tan 30^\circ$
We know that slope is equal to Young’s modulus hence
${Y_A} = \tan 60^\circ = \sqrt 3$
${Y_B} = \tan 30^\circ = \dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}$
Diving Young’s modulus of (A) with Young’s modulus of (B) we get $\dfrac{{{Y_A}}}{{{Y_B}}} = \dfrac{{\sqrt 3 }}{{\dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}}} = 3$
Hence $3{Y_B} = {Y_A}$

Option (D) $3{Y_B} = {Y_A}$ is the correct answer.

Additional information Young’s modulus is defined as the measure of ability of a material to withstand changes in length when it is under a lengthwise tension of compression. It is also referred to as modulus of elasticity.

Note We find the slope in the graph by using tanθ because we are assuming the graph as a right-angled triangle. And $\tan \theta$is equal to the opposite by the adjacent side of the assumed triangle. In the case of stress vs strain graph opposite is equal to stress and adjacent is equal to the strain. Hence $\tan \theta$ is equal to Young’s modulus. Therefore, we use $\tan \theta$ to find the slope.