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# The real number k for which the equation \$2{x^3} + 3x + k = 0\$, has two distinct real roots in [0, 1] (A). Lies between 2 and 3(B). Lies between 1 and 0(C). Does not exist(D). Lies between 1 and 2

Last updated date: 13th Sep 2024
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Hint: Start by taking the given equation as function of x or f(x) and differentiate with respect to x . Check whether f’(x) obtained is increasing or decreasing , if it is increasing then it will have at most 1 real root.

Given, \$2{x^3} + 3x + k = 0\$
Let \$f(x) = 2{x^3} + 3x + k\$
Differentiating with respect to x , we get
Here we will use the formula \$\dfrac{{d({x^n})}}{{dx}} = n{x^{n - 1}}\$
\$
f'(x) = 6{x^2} + 3 \\
f'(x) > 0 \\
\$
As for any value of x, f’(x) can never be negative because of the square term involved.
f’(x) is a strictly increasing function and has at most 1 real root .
And we know , if a polynomial of odd degree, in this case it is 3, has exactly 1 real root.
So, f(x) = has exactly one real root.
We see that the results found do not satisfy the conditions.
Therefore, k does not exist.
So , option C is the correct answer.

Note: Students must know the principle of differentiation , nature of function , graph plotting etc in order to solve such similar problems. Questions can also be asked in such a manner which would demand the application of Lagrange’s mean value theorem(LMVT) , Intermediate value theorem(IVT) , Rolle’s theorem, and are recommended to be practised very well as they make the approach to the solution very easy meanwhile giving valuable information about the function too.