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JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024 (Released)

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Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
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JEE Main Updated Physics Syllabus 2024: Download The Topic-wise PDF with Weightage

The JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024 has been released and Vedantu brings you the revised JEE Main 2024 syllabus for Physics subject in the form of downloadable FREE PDFs. Having access to a thorough syllabus is critical. It acts as a guide for your preparation, ensuring that you cover all of the important topics.


JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024


You can boost your JEE Main preparation by using Vedantu's syllabus PDF. JEE Main Physics syllabus is divided into 20 units, the syllabus covers a wide range of topics such as Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Optics, and Modern Physics. The PDF also provides insights into the topic weightage, helping you to efficiently prioritize your study. Knowing which issues are more important helps you prioritize your time and efforts, ensuring you focus on the most important areas.


JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024


Competitive Exams after 12th Science

JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024: What's New and What Remains Unchanged

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has released the JEE Main Physics syllabus for 2024 with some new updates and revisions. The new syllabus is based on the latest NCERT textbooks for Class 11 and 12.


New Updates

Physics weightage has been Reduced by 22.5% in Paper 1.


Revised Physics Syllabus:

The following are some of the major changes in the revised JEE Main Physics syllabus:


Subject

Removed Chapters

Physics

  • Capacitors and Capacitance

  • Communication Device

  • A few topics are removed from the Experimental Skills


Unlocking More Subjects: JEE Main Syllabus 2024 Resources

The JEE Main syllabus covers a wide range of courses in physics, chemistry, and mathematics. It is beneficial to be familiar with the concepts and formulae in all three topics, as questions frequently need knowledge of multiple subjects. Students can obtain a deeper knowledge of the topics and be better prepared for the JEE Main exam by referring to other subjects. Discover links to other resources that go beyond the JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024.



JEE Main Physics Syllabus: 2024 Free PDF Download

Physics is an important subject in the JEE Main exam. The JEE Main Physics syllabus 2024 covers a wide range of topics, from fundamental principles to advanced concepts. Students must master these concepts in order to perform well on the exam and achieve a high ranking.


Section A

Chapter Name

Topics

Physics and Measurement

  • Units of measurements, System of Units, S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, significant figures, Errors in measurements, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications. 

Kinematics

  • The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity

  • Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors, Vector. 

  • Addition and subtraction, scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. 

  • Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

Laws of Motion

  • Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

  • Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.

  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road.

Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power.

  • The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and neoconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Rotational Motion

  • Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; 

  • The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and their applications.

  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions. 

Gravitation

  • The universal law of gravitation. 

  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. 

  • Kepler’s law of planetary motion. 

  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. 

  • Escape velocity.

  • Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period, and energy of satellite.

Properties of Solids and Liquids

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's Law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus, and modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure. 

  • Viscosity. Stokes' law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow.critical velocity. Bernoulli's principle and its applications.

  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. 

  • Heat transfer conduction, convection, and radiation.

Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. 

  • The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.

  • The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. 

Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, the concept of pressure. 

  • Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. 

  • Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number. 

Oscillations and Waves

  • Oscillations and periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.

  • Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. - Kinetic and potential energies;

  • Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period: Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of the travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves.

  • Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode, and harmonics. Beats.

Electrostatics

  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. 

  • Electric flux. Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. 

  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

  • Conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, and capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Current Electricity

  • Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility, and their relation with electric current. Ohm's law.

  • Electrical resistance. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power. Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors;

  • Temperature dependence of resistance.

  • Internal resistance, potential difference, and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel.

  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge. 

Magnetic effects of current and magnetism

  • Biot - Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field.

  • Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, the effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents

  • Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

Electromagnetic Waves

  • Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves. 

Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula, and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.

  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's double-slit experiment, and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster's law, uses of planepolarized light and Polaroid.

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.

Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.

  • Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).



Section B: Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:


  1. Vernier calipers -its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

  2. Screw gauge-its use to determine the thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.

  3. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.

  4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.

  5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

  6. Surf ace tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,

  7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body,

  8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube,

  9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

  10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.

  11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law. 

  12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

  13. The focal length of;

(i)Convex mirror

(ii) Concave mirror, and

(ii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.

  1. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

  2. The refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

  3. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

  4. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.

  5. Identification of Diode. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items. 


Overview of JEE Main 2024 Physics Topics 

The syllabus for JEE Main Physics typically covers a wide range of topics from classical mechanics to modern Physics. To help you navigate through the vast JEE Main Physics syllabus, we have organized the topics into sections. Here are the key topics that you need to cover:


Mechanics

  • Kinematics: Understanding the motion of objects without considering the forces that cause the motion, including concepts such as displacement, velocity, acceleration, and equations of motion.

  • Laws of Motion: Exploring the relationship between the motion of an object and the forces acting upon it, including Newton's laws of motion, the concept of mass, and applications to real-world scenarios.

  • Work, Energy, and Power: Analyzing the concepts of work, energy, and power in relation to mechanical systems, including the work-energy theorem, conservation of energy, potential energy, kinetic energy, and power.

  • Rotational Motion: Studying the motion of objects that rotate around a fixed axis, including concepts such as rotational inertia, angular momentum, torque, and rotational kinetic energy.

  • Gravitation: Understanding the laws of gravitation and their applications to celestial bodies, including Newton's law of universal gravitation, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, and gravitational potential energy.


Thermodynamics

  • Laws of Thermodynamics: Exploring the fundamental principles governing energy transfer and transformation, including the first and second laws of thermodynamics, concepts of entropy, and applications to various systems.

  • Heat Transfer: Discussing the mechanisms of heat transfer, including conduction, convection, and radiation, and their applications in various engineering and natural phenomena.


Electricity and Magnetism

  • Electrostatics: Studying the behavior of electric charges at rest, including Coulomb's law, electric fields, electric potential, electric dipoles, and applications to capacitors and electrostatics.

  • Current Electricity: Analyzing the flow of electric charge in conductors and the behavior of circuits, including Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's laws, DC circuits, and applications to electrical devices.

  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism: Examining the relationship between electric currents and magnetic fields, including Ampère's law, Faraday's law, Lenz's law, magnetic fields of current-carrying wires, and applications to electromagnets and motors.

  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents: Exploring the generation of electric currents through electromagnetic induction, including Faraday's law, self-induction, mutual induction, and AC circuits, and their applications to transformers and generators.


Optics

  • Ray Optics and Optical Instruments: Understanding the behavior of light rays and the use of optical instruments, including reflection, refraction, refraction at spherical surfaces, mirrors, lenses, and applications to microscopes, telescopes, and cameras.

  • Wave Optics: Delving into the wave nature of light and its interactions with matter, including wave-particle duality, interference, diffraction, polarization, and applications to lasers and optical fibers.


Modern Physics

  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation: Discussing the wave-particle duality of matter and radiation, including the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, and applications to modern electronics and quantum mechanics.

  • Atoms and Nuclei: Exploring the structure of atoms and the properties of atomic nuclei, including atomic models, Bohr's model, atomic orbitals, electron configurations, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, and applications to nuclear power and medicine.

  • Electronic Devices: Understanding the principles and applications of electronic devices, including semiconductors, diodes, transistors, amplifiers, and integrated circuits, and their applications to various electronic devices and systems.


Weightage of Topics in JEE Main 2024 Physics

Understanding the weightage of each topic in the JEE Main 2024 Physics syllabus is crucial for effective exam preparation. By knowing which topics carry more weight, you can allocate your study time accordingly. Here is a table displaying the weightage of each topic:


JEE Main Physics – Weightage of Chapters

Chapter Name

Number of Questions

Total Marks

Weightage

Kinematics

2

8

4%

Laws of Motion

2

8

4%

Work, Energy, and Power

2

8

4%

Centre of Mass

2

8

4%

Rotational Dynamics

2

8

4%

Gravitation

1

4

2%

Kinetic Theory of Gases

1

4

2%

Thermodynamics

1

4

2%

Oscillations

1

4

2%

Waves

1

4

2%

Electrostatics

2

8

4%

Current Electricity

3

12

6%

Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism

2

8

4%

Alternating Current

2

8

4%

Electromagnetic Waves

1

4

2%

Modern Physics

2

8

4%

Optics

2

8

4%

Electronic Devices

1

4

2%


By focusing on topics with higher weightage, you can ensure that you cover the most important areas of the syllabus and maximize your chances of scoring well in the exam.


The topics with the highest weightage are Modern Physics, Electrostatics, and Current Electricity. These topics are important for understanding the fundamental concepts of Physics and for solving problems in other areas of Physics. Other important topics include Kinematics, Laws of Motion, and Rotational Motion. These topics are essential for understanding the motion of objects and for solving problems in mechanics.


However, the topics listed above are the most important ones for the JEE Main 2024 Physics exam.


Download JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus PDF

Physics plays a significant role in the JEE Main exam. The syllabus covers a wide range of topics in Physics, including mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, optics, and modern Physics. The syllabus is divided into 21 units, each of which is assigned a weightage. The total weightage of the Physics syllabus is 33.33%. The chapters with the highest weightage are Modern Physics (20-25%), Heat and Thermodynamics (15%), Optics (10%), and Current Electricity (10%). Other important chapters include Electrostatics, Magnetics, Laws of Motion, Work, Power and Energy, and Waves.


You can easily access Vedantu’s JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus in PDF format for FREE. Simply navigate to the designated section for syllabus downloads, select the Physics syllabus, and click to download the PDF file FREE. This resource will provide aspiring candidates with a comprehensive overview of the topics and content they need to prepare for the upcoming JEE Main 2024 examination.


JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus - Best Books for Reference

Preparing for the IIT JEE Main 2024 Physics exam, which is the gateway to admission in prestigious institutions like NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs, requires a well-structured approach. Candidates should primarily focus on the topics outlined in the JEE Main Physics syllabus PDF. To aid in their preparation, referring to the right books is crucial. Here is a list of some of the best-recommended books for JEE Main 2024 Physics:


Name of the Book

Author/Publications

Reasons Why This Book Stands Out as the Best Choice for JEE Main Physics

NCERT Textbook 

NCERT

It covers up almost everything. It is the best book for the basic concepts and practice.

Concepts of physics (Vol. 1 and 2)

HC Verma

They provide the best exercises along with the basic concepts.

Fundamentals of Physics

Halliday, Resnick, & walker

This book helps in clearing all the concepts of Physics important for JEE Mains.

Understanding Physics


It’s a set of the following books:

  • Electricity & Magnetism

  • Mechanics (Vol. 1 & 2)

  • Optics & Modern Physics

  • Waves & Thermodynamics

D C Pandey - Arihant Publications

This set of books is very popular among the students and one of the best books for JEE Mains. This explains the concepts, derives the formula, and provides a number of solved examples and exercises to solve.

Understanding Physics

Freedman and Young

This book explains all the concepts in detail and provides exercises for practice.

Problems in Physics

SS Krotov

This book is popular for its exercise questions, which makes it a popular choice for problem-solving.

Physics Vol-1 and Vol-2 by for Theory and Non-Trivial Problems

Resnick Halliday

Book for understanding concepts and and honing problem-solving skills.

Problems on General Physics

I E Irodov

A lot of questions are provided as practice questions, making it a valuable resource for Physics practice.



These books cover a wide range of topics and provide in-depth explanations, practice problems, and conceptual clarity, making them valuable resources for JEE Main 2024 Physics preparation.


Other Important Links for JEE Main Physics 2024

Explore additional resources that go beyond the JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus. These links provide access to valuable learning materials, practice papers, mock tests, and insights. By utilizing these resources tailored for JEE Main 2024, you can improve your preparation, overcome challenges, and set yourself up for success. Dive into a world of learning opportunities designed to empower your journey towards achieving your goals in the upcoming exam.




Conclusion:

In this comprehensive guide, we have highlighted the importance of knowing the JEE Main Physics syllabus and its weightage for aspiring engineering students. By staying updated with the syllabus and understanding the weightage of each topic, you can effectively prioritize your study efforts and increase your chances of success in the exam. We encourage you to download the JEE Main 2024 Physics syllabus PDF and start your exam preparation with confidence.

FAQs on JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024 (Released)

1. What is the JEE Main Physics Syllabus for 2024?

The JEE Main Physics Syllabus for 2024 covers a broad range of topics in physics, including:


  • Mechanics: Units and dimensions, motion in one dimension, motion in two dimensions, laws of motion, work, energy and power, rotational motion, gravitation, properties of solids and liquids.

  • Electromagnetism: Electrostatics, current electricity, magnetic effects of current and magnetism, electromagnetic induction and alternating currents, electromagnetic waves.

  • Optics: Wave nature of light, geometrical optics, physical optics.

  • Modern Physics: Dual nature of matter and radiation, atoms and nuclei, electronic devices.

2. Where can I download the JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus PDF?

You can download the JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus PDF from the official website of the conducting authority. We provide a direct link to the PDF on our Vedantu page for your convenience.

3. Why is it important to know the weightage of topics in the JEE Main Physics syllabus?

Knowing the weightage of topics in the JEE Main Physics syllabus can help you prioritize your studies and focus on the most important topics. This will help you make the most of your study time and improve your chances of getting a good score in the exam.

4. Can I find the JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus on this page as well?

Yes, we provide access to the JEE Main 2024 Physics Syllabus. It can be helpful for reference and comparison.

5. How do I prepare effectively using the JEE Main Physics Syllabus?

There are a few things you can do to prepare effectively using the JEE Main Physics Syllabus:


  • Create a Study Schedule: Break down the syllabus into manageable chunks and create a study schedule that you can stick to. This will help you stay on track and make sure you are covering all of the material.

  • Focus on the Important Topics: Use the weightage of topics to prioritize your studies and focus on the most important topics first.

  • Practice Regularly: Solve previous year's question papers and take mock tests to get familiar with the exam format and question types.

  • Seek Help When Needed: If you are struggling with any of the concepts, don't hesitate to ask your teacher or tutor for help.

6. Is the JEE Main Physics Syllabus subject to change?

Yes, the JEE Main Physics Syllabus is subject to change from year to year. It is important to check the official website of the NTA for the latest syllabus before you start your preparations.

7. Can I request updates or notifications about changes to the JEE Main Physics Syllabus?

You can subscribe to our Vedantu website for updates and notifications about any changes in the JEE Main Physics Syllabus or other related information.


Or


You can request updates or notifications about changes to the JEE Main Physics Syllabus by subscribing to the NTA's email list.

8. Is there any specific exam strategy based on the syllabus for JEE Main Physics?

Here are some tips for exam strategy based on the syllabus for JEE Main Physics:


  • Read the Question Carefully: Make sure you understand what the question is asking before you start answering it.

  • Break Down Complex Questions: If you are facing a complex question, break it down into smaller parts and solve each part step by step.

  • Use Formulas Wisely: Formulas can be very helpful in solving physics problems, but make sure you use them correctly.

  • Manage Your Time Wisely: Divide your time wisely between the different sections of the paper and don't spend too much time on any one question.

  • Review Your Answers: Before you submit your paper, take some time to review your answers and make sure you haven't made any careless mistakes.