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Fill in the blank.
_______ of the body is a measure of inertia.
A. Mass
B. Force
C. Velocity
D. Speed

seo-qna
Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint The property of a body by virtue of which it tends to retain its existing state of rest or its uniform motion along a straight line unless and until an external force is applied on it is known as Inertia. A more heavy body will have a greater tendency to retain its inertia of rest or motion.

Complete step by step answer
Let us first discuss inertia.
The property of a body by virtue of which it tends to retain its existing state of rest or its uniform motion along a straight line unless and until an external force is applied on it is known as Inertia.
Inertia is mainly of three types:
1. Inertia of rest: When a bus or train starts to move suddenly after being in rest, a jerk is experienced by the passengers sitting inside and they fall in a backward direction due to inertia of rest.
2. Inertia of motion: When a bus or train stops suddenly after being in motion, a jerk is experienced by the passengers sitting inside and they lean in the forward direction due to inertia of motion.
3. Inertia of direction: We can use an umbrella to protect ourselves from rain as the rain drops falls downwards and doesn’t change its direction due to inertia of direction.
Inertia is a measure of mass of a body and it is directly proportional to mass of a body. This means greater the mass of a body greater will be its inertia or vice-versa. A more heavy body will have a greater tendency to retain its inertia of rest or motion.
Therefore, mass of the body is the measure of inertia.

Hence, option A is correct.

Note Inertia can be considered as a force. Inertia is best explained by Newton’s 1st law of motion which states that a body continues to be in its state of rest or in uniform motion along a straight line unless an external force is applied on it. This law is also known as the Law of Inertia.