Courses for Kids
Free study material
Free LIVE classes

JEE Important Concepts - Physics Topic Pages


Mastering the Key Concepts for JEE Physics: A Comprehensive Guide

Do you think Physics is the most toughest subject in the JEE Main Question Paper? Are you perplexed by the JEE Main, and JEE Advanced topics?  If you have started preparing and are unsure which chapters are for JEE Main and Advance. Vedantu will assist you in overcoming this confusion.

JEE Important Concepts Physics topic pages provide a thorough overview of the essential Physics topics for JEE Main and Advanced. These topic pages include the fundamental concepts, important equations, and applications of various topics in Physics, including Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Optics, Modern Physics, Thermodynamics, Waves and Oscillations, Fluid Mechanics, and Semiconductor Electronics.

Candidates can expand their conceptual knowledge, improve their problem-solving skills, and improve their chances of excelling in the JEE Physics exam by studying these topic pages.

Last updated date: 29th May 2023
Total views: 14.1k
Views today: 0.01k

Important Topics for JEE Mains Physics 2023

After reviewing and analysing previous years' question papers, the table below gives the most relevant Physics topics, classified by chapter, to help you perform well in the JEE Main 2023 Exam.


  • The frame of reference

  • Motion in a straight line

  • Position- time graph

  • Speed and velocity

  • Uniform and non-uniform motion

  • Average speed and instantaneous velocity

  • Uniformly accelerated motion

  • Velocity-time

  • Position-time graph

  • Relations for uniformly accelerated motion

  • Scalars and Vectors

  • Vector Addition and subtraction

  • Zero vector

  • Scalar and vector products

  • Unit Vector

  • Resolution of a Vector

  • Relative Velocity

  • Motion in a plane

  • Projectile Motion

  • Uniform Circular Motion.

Laws of Motion

  • Force and inertia

  • Newton’s First law of motion, Momentum

  • Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses

  • Newton’s Third Law of motion

  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications

  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces

  • Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction

  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications.

Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a content force and a variable force

  • Kinetic and potential energies

  • Work-energy theorem, power.

  • The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy

  • Conservative and neoconservative forces

  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Rotational Motion

  • Centre of the mass of a two-particle system

  • Centre of the mass of a rigid body

  • Basic concepts of rotational motion

  • Torque

  • Angular momentum

  • Conservation of angular momentum and its applications

  • Moment of inertia

  • Radius of gyration.

  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects

  • Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications

  • Rigid body rotation equations of rotational motion.


  • The universal law of gravitation

  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth

  • Kepler’s law of planetary motion

  • Gravitational potential energy

  • Escape velocity

  • Orbital velocity of a satellite

  • Geo stationary satellites.

Properties of Solids and Liquids

  • Elastic behaviour

  • Stress-strain relationship

  • Hooke’s Law

  • Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity

  • Pressure due to a fluid column

  • Pascal’s law and its applications

  • Viscosity

  • Stokes’ law

  • Terminal velocity

  • Streamline and turbulent flow

  • Reynolds number

  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications

  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact

  • Application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise

  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion

  • Specific heat capacity

  • Calorimetry

  • Change of state, latent heat

  • Heat transfer-conduction

  • Convection and radiation

  • Newton’s law of cooling


  • Thermal equilibrium

  • Zeroth law of thermodynamics

  • Concept of temperature

  • Heat, work and internal energy

  • The first law of thermodynamics

  • The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes

  • Carnot engine and its efficiency.

Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas

  • Work done on compressing a gas

  • Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions

  • Concept of pressure

  • Kinetic energy and temperature

  • RMS speed of gas molecules

  • Degrees of freedom

  • Law of equipartition of energy

  • Applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path

  • Avogadro’s number.

Oscillations and Waves

  • Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time

  • Periodic functions

  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation

  • Oscillations of a spring

  • Restoring force and force constant

  • Energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies

  • Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period: Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.

  • Wave motion

  • Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave

  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave

  • Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves

  • Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. 

  • Doppler Effect in sound.


  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

  • Electric flux: Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

  • Conductors and insulators: Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Current Electricity

  • Electric current

  • Drift velocity

  • Ohm’s law

  • Electrical resistance

  • Resistances of different materials

  • V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors

  • Electrical energy and power

  • Electrical resistivity

  • Colour code for resistors

  • Series and parallel combinations of resistors

  • Temperature dependence of resistance

  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance

  • Potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel

  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications

  • Wheatstone bridge, Metre Bridge

  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications.

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop, Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid, Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.

  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, The force between two parallel current carrying conductors- definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law

  • Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents

  • Self and mutual inductance

  • Alternating currents

  • Peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage

  • Reactance and impedance

  • LCR series circuit

  • Resonance: Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current

  • AC generator and transformer.

Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics

  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves

  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays)

  • Applications of e.m. waves.


  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula

  • Total internal reflection and its applications

  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula

  • Magnification

  • Power of a Lens

  • Combination of thin lenses in contact

  • Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.

  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle

  • Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle

  • Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light

  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum

  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes

  • Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Dual nature of radiation

  • Photoelectric effect

  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations

  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation: particle nature of light

  • Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation

  • Davisson- Germer experiment

Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment

  • Rutherford’s model of atom

  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum

  • Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars: isotones

  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law

  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: 1- V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED

  • Photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator

  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor: transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator

  • Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR)

  • Transistor as a switch.

Communication Systems

  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation

  • Need for modulation

  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals

  • The bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Most Important chapters for jee mains physics 2023

The JEE Main Physics syllabus consists of around 21 chapters, with some of the most important JEE Main topics listed below:

  • Mechanics

  • Oscillations And Waves

  • Rotational Motion

  • Electrostatics

  • Atoms And Nuclei

  • Current Electricity

  • Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism

The Oscillations, Waves chapter and mechanics weightage in JEE Mains accounts for around 10% of the exam's question. In prior tests, we saw questions from disciplines such as electrodynamics, modern physics, optics, and so on.

Tips to Prepare for JEE Main Physics

  • Student should first start with the above mentioned topics as these topics have been frequently asked in the previous year papers.

  • After completing these topics, you can pick the easiest topics like Unit and Dimensions, Measurement of errors and vectors.

  • Understand the concepts of each topic.

If you follow this path, your preparation for Physics will be up to the mark and you’ll be able to bag decent marks from this section.

After you have completed all of the JEE Main Physics syllabus, try the JEE Main previous year question papers and the JEE mosck test 2023 to see how well you have prepared for the examination. If you need further assistance in boosting your entrance exam preparation, enrol in our JEE crash course and learn from Vedantu's experts. 


Important Concepts of Physics topic pages provide a valuable resource for students preparing for the Physics section of the JEE exam. The tips and tricks provided on each page of Vedantu help students approach complex problems more efficiently. Whether you're a beginner or an advanced learner, our JEE Important Concepts Physics topic pages are designed to help you improve your score and succeed in the JEE exam. Start exploring Vedantu’s topic pages today to enhance your knowledge of Physics concepts and excel in the JEE exam.

FAQs on JEE Important Concepts - Physics Topic Pages

1. What are important topics for JEE Mains physics?

The physics topic sections on JEE Important Concepts provide a detailed overview of the essential concepts in Physics for JEE Main and Advanced. The fundamental concepts, important equations, and applications of many topics in Physics.

2. Why are JEE important concepts physics topic pages important?

JEE Important Concepts physics topic pages are useful because they provide a concise yet comprehensive overview of the essential Physics topics in Physics. They help students improve their understanding of concepts and problem-solving skills, which are important for performing well on the JEE Physics exam.

3. What topics are covered in JEE Important Concepts physics topic pages?

JEE Important Concepts physics topic pages cover the important topics in Physics for JEE Main and Advanced, including Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Optics, Modern Physics, Thermodynamics, Waves and Oscillations, Fluid Mechanics, and Semiconductor Electronics.

4. How can I use JEE Important Concepts physics topic pages to prepare for JEE?

You can utilise Vedantu's JEE Important Concepts physics topic sites to study the fundamental concepts, important equations, and applications of many topics in Physics to prepare for the JEE. You can also practice your problem-solving skills by tackling problems related to these topics.

5. Are JEE Important Concepts physics topic pages sufficient for JEE preparation?

While the JEE Important Concepts physics topic pages provide a thorough overview of the important concepts in Physics, they are insufficient for JEE preparation on their own. It is also recommended that you study Vedantu's study materials, expert videos and practise papers to ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the subject.