Mass Percent Formulas - Examples & Practice Questions
Mass percent is another method of expressing the composition of the solution mixture. It describes the amount of solute (grams) present in 100 gm of the solution. Let us look at the to two commonly used formula to find the mass percentage in a given question.
Case I: You are asked to find out the mass percentage of an element in a compound, the formula used will be:
Case II: The Formula for mass of a element/compound in a solution/mixture
Example: Find the mass percentage of 6 g sodium hydroxide dissolved in 50 g of water. (Note: since the density of water is nearly 1, this type of question often gives the volume of water in millilitres.) Solution: First find the total mass of the solution: total mass = 6 g sodium hydroxide + 50 g water total mass = 56 g Now, you can find the mass percentage of the sodium hydroxide using the formula: mass percent = (grams of solute / grams of solution) x 100 mass percent = (6 g NaOH / 56 g solution) x 100 mass percent = (0.1074) x 100 = 10.74% NaOH
Question: Find the masses of sodium chloride and water required to obtain 175 g of a 15% solution. Options: (a) NaCl = 26.25 gm; water = 147.75 g (b) NaCl = 36.25 gm; water = 147.75 g (c) NaCl = 26.25 gm; water = 167.75 g (d) NaCl = 40.25 gm; water = 147.75 g Answer: (a)
Solution: This problem is a bit different because it gives you the mass percentage and asks you to then find how much solute and solvent are needed to yield a total mass of 175 grams. Start with the usual equation and fill in the given information: mass percent = (grams solute / grams solution) x 10015% = (x grams sodium chloride / 175 g total) x 100 Solving for x will give you the amount of NaCl: x = 15 x 175 / 100x = 26.25 grams NaCl So, now you know how much salt is needed. The solution consists of the sum of the amount of salt and water. Simply subtract the mass of salt from the solution to obtain the mass of water that is required: mass of water = total mass - mass of saltmass of water = 175 g - 26.25 gmass of water = 147.75 g