The words that add a description to a sentence and alter nouns are known as Adjectives. The words that describe a name, place, person, animal, thing or that depicts the number of the noun are known as adjectives which mean added to.
Adjectives are one of the important parts of speech. It could be any single or compound word that modifies the noun.
Let’s see below how are adjectives formed?
Adjectives can be formed from nouns, verbs, and other adjectives.
1) Formation of Adjectives From Nouns:
We can form adjectives from nouns by adding suffixes to a noun.
The Adjectives that are formed by adding -y or -al or -ial as a suffix are given below in the table. If the noun has an ‘e’ in the ending, it is removed and -y or -al or -ial is added as a suffix to the noun to form an adjective.
Adjectives formed by adding -lyor -ish or -ic as a suffix to nouns are given below in the table. If the noun has a ‘y’ in the ending , it is removed and the suffix is added to form an adjective.
Adjectives formed by adding -ous or -some or -able or -full as a suffix to nouns are given below in the table.
Examples of some of the adjectives formed from nouns used in the sentences:
It was very childish of her to behave like that in front of the audience.
My younger brother is the most troublesome of the lot.
2) Formation of Adjectives from Verbs:
Suffixes like ‘-y’ , ‘-able’ , ‘-ous’ , ‘-al’ , ‘-ful’ , ‘-ic’ , ‘-less’ , ‘-ing’ and ‘-ive’ can be added to verbs to form adjectives.
Some examples of adjectives formed from verbs used in sentences:
Switzerland is a very scenic place.
Arvind is a very annoying person.
3) Formation of Adjectives from Other Adjectives:
An adjective is formed from another adjective by adding suffix like ‘-ly’ , ‘-ive’ , ‘-al’ , ‘-ish’ , ‘-ier’ , ‘-est’.
Some examples of adjectives formed from another adjective are used in the sentences below :
The sky was reddish in the evening.
My brother is funnier than I expected him to be.
When two or more adjectives join together to modify the same noun they are known as compound adjectives. They are separated with a hyphen.
The two words used to form a compound adjective can be a combination of:
Number + noun
Adjective + noun
Noun + adjective
Noun + present/past participle
Adjective + past participle
Below are a few examples of compound adjectives used in sentences:
Arvind is going on a two-week vacation.
They stay in a twenty-story building.
It was a last-minute plan.
There was a ten-minute delay in the meeting.
1) From the following set of nouns, verbs, and adjectives forms of the words, identify the adjective:
Achieve, achievement, achievable
Evaporate, evaporating, evaporation
Glorious, glory, glorify
Enthuse, enthusiasm, enthusiastic
Answers: The adjectives from the following set of nouns are
2) From the set of words below, identify the adjective and the noun it is made from:
Answer: The adjective is challenging formed from the noun challenge.
1. How are Adjectives Formed?
Ans. Words that describe or modify nouns and add a description to the sentence are called adjectives. Adjectives can be formed from nouns, verbs, and other adjectives.
2. How are Adjectives Formed from Verbs?
Ans. Adjectives can be formed from verbs by adding suffixes like ‘-y’ , ‘-able’ , ‘-ous’ , ‘-al’ , ‘-ful’ , ‘-ic’ , ‘-less’ , ‘-ing’ and ‘-ive’ to the verb.