Formation of Adjectives

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What are Adjectives?

The words that add a description to a sentence and alter nouns are known as Adjectives. The words that describe a name, place, person, animal, thing or that depicts the number of the noun are known as adjectives which mean added to.

Adjectives are one of the important parts of speech. It could be any single or compound word that modifies the noun.

Let’s see below how are adjectives formed?

Formation of Adjectives

Adjectives can be formed from nouns, verbs, and other adjectives.

1) Formation of Adjectives From Nouns:

We can form adjectives from nouns by adding suffixes to a noun.

The Adjectives that are formed by adding -y or -al or -ial as a suffix are given below in the table. If the noun has an ‘e’ in the ending, it is removed and -y or -al or -ial is added as a suffix to the noun to form an adjective. 


Suffix

Noun (example)

Adjective

-y

Luck


Hair 


Storm


Length

Lucky 


Hairy


Stormy


Lengthy

-al






-ial

Accident 


Nature 


Magic


Commerce


Finance

Accidental


Natural


Magical 


Commercial 


Financial


Adjectives formed by adding -lyor -ish or -ic as a suffix to nouns are given below in the table. If the noun has a ‘y’ in the ending , it is removed and the suffix is added to form an adjective.


Suffix

Noun (example)

Adjective

-ly

Man


Human


King

Manly


Humanly


Kingly

-ish

Girl


Child


Book

Girlish


Childish


Bookish

-ic

Tragedy 


Artist

Tragic


Artistic


Adjectives formed by adding -ous or -some or -able or -full as a suffix to nouns are given below in the table.


Suffix

Rules

Noun (example)

Adjective

-ous 

-If the noun ends in ‘y’, remove it


-If the noun ends in ‘e’,remove it


-If the word ends with ‘-cle’ it is replaced by ‘-cul’

Mystery




Fame


Miracle 

Mysterious




Famous



Miraculous


-some

-

Trouble 

Troublesome

-able 

-

Question


Laugh

Questionable 


Laughable 

-ful

-If the noun is ending with ‘-ty’, replace it with i

Beauty 

Beautiful


Examples of some of the adjectives formed from nouns used in the sentences:

  •  It was very childish of her to behave like that in front of the audience. 

  • My younger brother is the most troublesome of the lot.

2) Formation of Adjectives from Verbs:        

Suffixes like ‘-y’ , ‘-able’ , ‘-ous’ , ‘-al’ , ‘-ful’ , ‘-ic’ , ‘-less’ , ‘-ing’ and ‘-ive’ can be added  to verbs to form adjectives.


Suffix

Verb 

Adjective

-y

speed

speedy

-able

read


enjoy


shake 


laugh

readable


enjoyable


shakeable


laughable

-ous 

continue

continous

-al

judge

judgemental

-ful

hate


help


forget

hateful


helpful


forgetful

-ic

see

scenic

-less

tire

tireless

-ive

create


talk

creative


talkative

-ing

annoy


amuse

annoying


amusing


Some examples of adjectives formed from verbs used in sentences:

  • Switzerland  is a very scenic place.

  • Arvind is a very annoying person.

3) Formation of Adjectives from Other Adjectives:

An adjective is formed from another adjective by adding suffix like ‘-ly’ , ‘-ive’ , ‘-al’ , ‘-ish’ , ‘-ier’ , ‘-est’.


Suffix

Adjective

Adjective

-ly

weak

weakly

-ive

correct

corrective

-al

comic

comical

-ish

green


red

greenish


reddish

-ier

easy


funny

easier


funnier

-est

fine

finest


Some examples of adjectives formed from another adjective are used in the sentences below :

  • The sky was reddish in the evening.

  • My brother is funnier than I expected him to be.

Formation of Compound Adjectives:

When two or more adjectives join together to modify the same noun they are known as compound adjectives. They are separated with a hyphen.


The two words used to form a compound adjective can be a combination of:

  • Number + noun

  • Adjective + noun

  • Noun + adjective 

  • Noun + present/past participle

  • Adjective + past participle


Below are a few examples of compound adjectives used in sentences:

  • Arvind is going on a two-week vacation.

  • They stay in a twenty-story building.

  • It was a last-minute plan.

  • There was a ten-minute delay in the meeting.

Solved Questions 

1) From the following set of nouns, verbs, and adjectives forms of the words, identify the adjective:

  • Achieve, achievement, achievable

  • Evaporate, evaporating, evaporation

  • Glorious, glory, glorify

  • Enthuse, enthusiasm, enthusiastic

Answers: The adjectives from the following set of nouns are 

  • Achievable

  • Evaporating

  • Glorious

  • Enthusiastic

2) From the set of words below, identify the adjective and the noun it is made from:

  • Cease

  • Enumerate

  • Challenging

Answer: The adjective is challenging formed from the noun challenge.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How are Adjectives Formed?

Ans. Words that describe or modify nouns and add a description to the sentence are called adjectives. Adjectives can be formed from nouns, verbs, and other adjectives.

2. How are Adjectives Formed from Verbs?

Ans. Adjectives can be formed from verbs by adding suffixes like ‘-y’ , ‘-able’ , ‘-ous’ , ‘-al’ , ‘-ful’ , ‘-ic’ , ‘-less’ , ‘-ing’ and ‘-ive’ to the verb.