Scope and Functions of Cost Accounting

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What are the Scopes and Functions of Cost Accounting?

The Industrial Revolution in Europe gave rise to the modern version of Cost Accounting. In simple words, keeping track of all costs for an industrial organization is known as Cost Accounting. It is the role of a cost accountant to see that all types of costs are included properly during the accounting process. There are multiple scopes and functions of cost accounting that you should know properly. Here, you can find all the details. There is a big role of cost accounting in decision making for an organization. The large organizations hire experienced cost accountants who can be the support system. 

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Scope of Cost Accounting

The leading scores of cost accounting are discussed here briefly. It is the function of the cost accounting department of an organization to work according to the scope.


1. Controlling Cost

For any business organization, cost control is one of the vital acts to execute as it affects the level of profit. Cost accounting reports give the organization a chance to sort out where cost control can be done without hampering the level of production. 


A business entity can make the new budget according to the reduced cost and follow it for a period to check if it works.


2. Ascertainment of Cost

Cost accounting is done mainly to keep the data and design a business structure that can run on a specific cost. The business entities tend to follow this specific cost when implementing on production. This is known as the Ascertainment of cost. 


Much of the process is done depending on the analysis. The proper analysis helps in ascertaining the right cost for the organization’s production. Different parameters of cost are included when the ascertainment analysis takes place. Some types of cost are actual costs, historical cost, marginal cost, etc. 


3. Theoretical Needs

Cost accounting has its own theoretical value. It is statistically done and acts as the data to the company. Many entities go for cost accounting on a yearly basis as they can keep the records of the cost. Furthermore, the theoretical form of cost accounting helps the organization to make decisions regarding their business. 


Cost Accounting Functions

There are multiple functions of cost accounting that an organization has to provide keenness. Only then it can run properly. The key functions of cost accounting are factually mentioned here:

  • Cost accounting is the process that exposes all the cost-related data for every department. This increases the transparency of every department. It assures the managerial board of the business entity for its proper functioning. 

  • Ascertaining the cost for every unit of product that a business entity manufacturer. It helps the organization to set the selling price.

  • Cost wastage is a potential danger for any business entity, and timely cost accounting helps to restrict it prominently. The managers can spot the fields where wastages are occurring and they can work on minimising it.

  • After a successful cost accounting session, the managerial board can make an overall budget for an organization. Apart from the budget, the reports of cost accounting can help the executive board to activate plans for wagers and employees. 

Cost accounting reports can be the best way to understand the spheres of the entity where no cost would be needed anymore. A business entity can discontinue that entity in such cases. 


Roles of a Cost Accountant

The roles of cost accountant  are given below in brief:

  • The primary role of a cost accountant is to set up proper communication with the heads of different departments and take all the cost-related records in a financial year.

  • Analysing all the costs of different departments and working in sync with the other cost accountants in the team. 

  • Getting access to the total value of the inventories and noting down the worth.

  • Work as a team to clear the month-end close and record all the cost-related information in the database. 

  • Observing the inventory of an organization at the end of a financial year and recording it correctly.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Why are Cost Accountants Crucial for a Business Organization?

Answer: Cost accountants are crucial for a business organization as they work as a vital support system. Generally, large companies look for experienced cost accountants and hire them. The cost consultants need to keep a close eye on all cost-related information of a company. Moreover, a cost consultant has to work as a team. A chief accountant is present in every business entity and a few accountants work under him. As per the basic quality of a cost accountant, he has to give reports to the managerial team of the company. So, making balanced sheets and formal annual reports is one of his main jobs. 

 Q2. What are the Qualities of a Cost Accountant?

Answer: There are some crucial qualities a cost accountant must have. They are given here in brief:

  • A cost accountant should always have practical knowledge of cost accounting. Even if he is fresher, handling a mock project is something he should be able to do. 

  • Knowledge to carry out the cost analysis successfully is a must for a cost accountant.

  • A cost accountant should be able to manage the costs properly. He should check the cost-related information from all the departments of an organization. 

  • A cost accountant must have a cool brain and the ability to manage every type of cost-related disaster.