Network in Communication

There are several means of communication that make communication effective in nature. The collection of means and methods utilized by the user to communicate his ideas is called a communication network. The communication network is the ergonomic list of methods and patterns deployed by the employees of an organization for passing information to other nodes. 

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What is Communication Network?

By the general meaning of a communication network, it is understandable that managers use them to create and track different flows of communication according to the ventures. Different needs require various networks of communication which are discussed below.


Types of Communication Network

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Amongst the various networks of communication, the most common ones are as follows.

Vertical Network

The vertical network is one of the formal types of communication networks in organizations. It is used in the exchange of ideas between different levels of employees, like between the lower-ranking officials and the higher-ranking officials.

Such a network allows two-way communication. The general practice in a vertical network is that most of the time, it calls for immediate feedback. Since it is a means of communication between various ranks in a company, the probability of miscommunication is low.

Circuit Network

Amongst the different networks of communications, the circuit network is mostly used for continuous communication between employees. The message is produced at one node, while the other node produces the feedback in response to the message. This process continues for some time, thus creating a loop or a circuit. This loop or circuit is called a circuit network. Generally, a circuit network is established between employees at the same hierarchical level. Therefore, it is different from the vertical network since it takes place in both directions.

Chain Network Communication

The chain network is mostly employed in communication between two or more nodes in an organization. It is mostly observed between the leader and its subordinates. In this network, a chain of command is generated. It generally starts from a higher rank like the CEO, and it trickles down the hierarchy. The message is transmitted in the form of a chain, and therefore the network is called a chain network.

One important thing to be kept in mind is that, since it involves several nodes, there are chances of miscommunication and errors getting incorporated in the network. It is a time-consuming process, and some nodes might not understand the message that is being transmitted.

Wheel and Spoke Network

The wheel and spoke network is another form of a communication network in an organization. It is a form of vertical network, but the communication takes place in many directions with a central person, generally the manager or the leader. The single head radiates information and instructions to different sectors, which are generally subordinate in the hierarchy. 

Such a network has proved to be better than the chain communication since it establishes direct contact between the central head and all the employees. However, due to its nature, it can form an aspect of micro-management, which might make the process very taxing. Moreover, owing to its micromanaging nature, it is suited for small organizations. Large businesses will require a lot of resources to use this network.

However, the advantage of a wheel and spoke network is direct communication between the highest rank to all the subordinates. There are no inclusions of middle parties that can disrupt the communication process. Therefore, the chances of miscommunication are minimal in this network.

Star Network

Amongst the various networks of communication, the star network can accommodate multiple participants. It can enable two-way network communication, which means such networks will exist between two nodes of the entire lot that are enrolled in the participation. It fits into the communication network meaning, since it can be regarded as a wheel and spoke network without a central focal point. The communicating members can easily exchange thoughts, ideas, and information without any restrictions being imposed on them.

The nature of the project and the size of the organization determine the types of communication networks required in the business. Loyalty, information reception, and sincerity in transmission are the basis of a good communication process. Many businesses have set several policies and processes for good communication.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Explain fully the concept of communication networks in terms of Business.

Answer: Communication networks are an essential component of any business. It is the means of expression and exchange of information between different nodes of the company. To define communication networks, it is the ergonomic list of patterns utilized by the sectors of an organization for passing information to other nodes. Such a definition will answer the question, of what a network in communication is. It can take place between two nodes, or between several nodes. Moreover, it can be unidirectional following a hierarchy, or it can be bidirectional or multidirectional. In most unidirectional communication, a formal approach is maintained.

Q2. What is a network in communication in the Business scenario?

Answer: Communication takes place between individuals. When it takes place in a definite pattern, it fits into the network communication meaning. Many businesses define the communication network as the ultimate approach for maintaining transparency amongst the different sectors of the company. Such networks can be unidirectional or multidirectional. Many companies prefer a formal approach, but certain communications can be informal as well. It depends on the ranks of the communication that are involved in the communication process. Therefore, network communication is an integral part of the functioning and success of any company or organization.

Q3. What are the types of Network Communication?

Answer: The answer to the question of ‘what is a network in communication?’, is best described by the different types of network communication. As per the network communication meaning, a vertical network is the simplest kind. It is a unidirectional flow of communication from a higher rank to a lower rank. Bidirectional communication includes a circuit network, chain network, and star network. Such networks can be both formal and informal. The wheel and spoke network also depends on hierarchy and can be both unidirectional and bidirectional. Each type of communication network has its advantages and disadvantages and fits well into the meaning of the communication network.