There are several means of communication that make communication effective in nature. The collection of means and methods utilized by the user to communicate his ideas is called a communication network. The communication network is the ergonomic list of methods and patterns deployed by the employees of an organization for passing information to other nodes.
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What is Communication Network?
By the general meaning of a communication network, it is understandable that managers use them to create and track different flows of communication according to the ventures. Different needs require various networks of communication which are discussed below.
Types of Communication Network
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Amongst the various networks of communication, the most common ones are as follows.
The vertical network is one of the formal types of communication networks in organizations. It is used in the exchange of ideas between different levels of employees, like between the lower-ranking officials and the higher-ranking officials.
Such a network allows two-way communication. The general practice in a vertical network is that most of the time, it calls for immediate feedback. Since it is a means of communication between various ranks in a company, the probability of miscommunication is low.
Amongst the different networks of communications, the circuit network is mostly used for continuous communication between employees. The message is produced at one node, while the other node produces the feedback in response to the message. This process continues for some time, thus creating a loop or a circuit. This loop or circuit is called a circuit network. Generally, a circuit network is established between employees at the same hierarchical level. Therefore, it is different from the vertical network since it takes place in both directions.
Chain Network Communication
The chain network is mostly employed in communication between two or more nodes in an organization. It is mostly observed between the leader and its subordinates. In this network, a chain of command is generated. It generally starts from a higher rank like the CEO, and it trickles down the hierarchy. The message is transmitted in the form of a chain, and therefore the network is called a chain network.
One important thing to be kept in mind is that, since it involves several nodes, there are chances of miscommunication and errors getting incorporated in the network. It is a time-consuming process, and some nodes might not understand the message that is being transmitted.
Wheel and Spoke Network
The wheel and spoke network is another form of a communication network in an organization. It is a form of vertical network, but the communication takes place in many directions with a central person, generally the manager or the leader. The single head radiates information and instructions to different sectors, which are generally subordinate in the hierarchy.
Such a network has proved to be better than the chain communication since it establishes direct contact between the central head and all the employees. However, due to its nature, it can form an aspect of micro-management, which might make the process very taxing. Moreover, owing to its micromanaging nature, it is suited for small organizations. Large businesses will require a lot of resources to use this network.
However, the advantage of a wheel and spoke network is direct communication between the highest rank to all the subordinates. There are no inclusions of middle parties that can disrupt the communication process. Therefore, the chances of miscommunication are minimal in this network.
Amongst the various networks of communication, the star network can accommodate multiple participants. It can enable two-way network communication, which means such networks will exist between two nodes of the entire lot that are enrolled in the participation. It fits into the communication network meaning, since it can be regarded as a wheel and spoke network without a central focal point. The communicating members can easily exchange thoughts, ideas, and information without any restrictions being imposed on them.
The nature of the project and the size of the organization determine the types of communication networks required in the business. Loyalty, information reception, and sincerity in transmission are the basis of a good communication process. Many businesses have set several policies and processes for good communication.