Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

Capital Reserve

Last updated date: 22nd Mar 2024
Total views: 155.7k
Views today: 1.55k
hightlight icon
highlight icon
highlight icon
share icon
copy icon

What is the Capital Reserve?

The capital reserve sets aside profits from the company's non-operating operations over a certain period. The capital reserve is used to pay for the company's long-term projects or depreciate its capital costs. Having a capital reserve on the balance sheet may help a corporation be better prepared for the possibility of sudden expenses, such as those associated with inflation, political unrest, or the launch of a new venture:

  • It operates uniquely. Companies may add to their capital reserve using the proceeds from the sale of assets.

  • Capital loss mitigation is utilised when a corporation sells a lot of assets or shares but doesn't always earn a profit.

  • Or other hypothetical circumstances that may arise in the far future.

  • It has absolutely nothing to do with business as usual.

  • It is related to the company's operations. The fact that it is generated outside of normal business operations disqualifies it as a measure of the company's performance.

Examples of a Capital Reserve

Examples of Capital Reserve

Examples of Capital Reserve

Let's look at the capital reserve example from a personal vantage point rather than a corporate one. Suppose you want to make a land purchase sometime soon. You decide to start saving by putting part of your salary away and selling some of your unused household items and automobiles. Also, open a single bank account to put all of your cash into the new country. Then, if you ever decide to purchase the property, you have my permission to do anything you want with that money. 

Let's now generalise this kind of illustration to the realm of business. A corporation will require funding to construct a new office building. However, they also don't want to borrow a sizable sum from outside sources since the cost of financing would be prohibitive. This is why they are saving up for a new structure. In addition, the corporation has decided to liquidate its land and other unused assets to raise capital. The proceeds from these deals are deposited into a savings account known as the capital reserve. With no legal need to distribute any portion of the reserve as dividends to shareholders, the whole sum may be used to construct a brand-new headquarters.

Advantages and Features of Capital Reserve


  • It aids in making a company more financially secure.

  • It's useful since it helps meet the necessity for extra operating capital.

  • It's an excellent way to fund investments with a longer time horizon or to fund an enterprise's growth.

  • It's a cushion in case you weren't planning for an economic crisis or inflation.

  • It facilitates the distribution of bonus shares to current owners who have already paid for them in full.

  • It's useful for offsetting any future financial losses a company could face.


  • The organization's financial stability is ensured by the surplus in its Capital Reserve.

  • As a result, monetary losses may be written off.

  • It is invested in the company's future through funding its long-term projects.

  • It facilitates the distribution of bonus stock to investors.

  • The goal of keeping it up is to cushion the company's finances in the event of inflation or a financial crisis.

  • It is a method for increasing a company's working capital.

  • It helps a company be ready for everything that could happen in the future.

Capital Reserve Exceptions

  • As a result, it is not always made for a particular purpose. Instead, a business may construct a reserve out of the proceeds from the sale of assets or the acquisition of a small firm if it decides it has to brace itself for economic instability, inflation, recession, or intense competition.

  • What are reserves in accounting? Accounting for capital reserves may also be used to limit the impact of capital declines. For example, profits from the sale of assets are recorded in the books of accounts even though they are not always realised in cash. It's analogous to capital losses from selling off assets. Therefore, the corporation may deduct capital losses using these reserves.

Exemptions of Capital Reserve

Exemptions of Capital Reserve

Let's figure out how to calculate capital reserve. Take the hypothetical case of a 20,000 Dollars gain on the sale of a depreciated fixed asset by an MNC Company. However, they anticipate losing 18,000 Dollars on the sale of outmoded equipment.

Let's pretend that a multinational corporation (MNC) has made a 20,000 Dollars profit selling a used one. To account for this potential loss, MNC Company swiftly sets aside 18,000 Dollars of the 20,000 Dollars in proceeds from the sale of a depreciated fixed asset.

For this reason, the MNC Company swiftly resolves to put aside 18,000 Dollars of the 20,000 Dollars profit they got from selling an outdated fixed asset so that they would be ready to write down the loss of 18,000 dollars.

However, they anticipate losing 18,000 Dollars on the sale of outmoded equipment, which was the capital reserve formula.


Therefore, it is abundantly evident that accounting for a company's capital reserves is an excellent source for supporting any organisation's long-term purpose. This conclusion is attainable as a result of the fact that it can be seen clearly from a distance. If a business is not interested in getting money from other sources (such as debt, term loans, etc.), it may utilise this reserve to fund its new project without any investment from other sources. This is possible if the company is not interested in acquiring money from other sources.

FAQs on Capital Reserve

1. When building a Capital Reserve, what factors should be considered?

For the capital reserve journal entry, consultants estimate that three to six months of operating expenditures constitute a "solid" cash cushion. Capital reserve funds are invested for the long term and cannot be distributed as dividends. The funds have been set aside for future use, such as completing a project, compensation for capital losses, or some other unforeseeable event.

A capital reserve is built independently of the stock price or the company's day-to-day operations. As a result, it can't be relied on as a measure of a company's internal functioning.

2. How do businesses go about raising capital?

The process of selling stock to investors, either in the form of a private placement limited to confident investors or as part of a public offering, is the most straightforward method for a business to obtain funds. They can also issue bonds or take out loans to receive funds. Selling a more prominent company's assets, such as underused real estate or a corporate subsidiary, is another option for raising capital in an emergency involving a more substantial business.

3. What exactly are capital reserve and reserve capital?

The portion of a company's earnings for a specific objective, such as financing long-term initiatives or writing off capital expenditures, is referred to as the Capital Reserve. The amount of the company's authorised capital that the business has not yet called upon is referred to as the "reserve capital," It is important to note that this capital component is still available for use if necessary to do so. However, for the time being, the company has to keep this reserve and not pay dividends to its stockholders.