The Indian Constitution is considered the supreme Indian law. This frames the fundamental principles of politics, practices, procedures, powers, rights, and government duties. Every person must have a good introduction to the Constitution of India as it imparts Constitutional supremacy instead of parliamentary supremacy. The Constituent Assembly and not the Parliament has created the Constitution of India. This gets adopted by the Indian citizens, and the Parliament can't override it. According to the Constitution, India is a secular, socialist, sovereign, and democratic republic, and it assures its citizens' various things, like liberty, equality, and justice.
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Commencement of the Indian Constitution
When the Indian Constitution came into existence, it had 395 articles, and they were split into eight schedules and 22 parts. This comprised nearly 145,000 words, and so, it turned into the 2nd largest active Constitution worldwide. Today, it has a preamble, 25 parts with 12 schedules, 101 amendments, 448 articles, and five appendices.
Earlier legislation of the Constitution of India
The introduction to the Constitution of India has been drawn from various sources. Being mindful of the conditions and needs of India, its framers did borrow features from earlier legislation like the Govt. of India Act of 1858, The Indian Council Acts of 1892, 1861, and 1909, the Govt. of India Acts 1935 and 1919, and the Indian Independence Act of 1947. The latter resulted in the formation of two countries; India and Pakistan. It also split the earlier Constituent Assembly into two parts. Every new assembly possessed sovereign power for drafting as well as enacting a novice Constitution for distinct states.
What do you mean by Indian Constitution?
Though the definition of Indian Constitution is vast, every Indian should know the meaning of Indian Constitution and the worth of the introduction to the Constitution. It is vast and has several areas that all the citizens of India must be familiar with. Every law aspirant must be aware of the introduction to the Constitution of India extremely well because it forms the fundamentals of his profession and education.
The Offering of the Indian Constitution
The Constitution of India provides many Fundamental rights to its Citizens, and They are:
Right to freedom
Right to equality
Right to freedom of religion
Right against exploitation
Educational and Cultural rights
Rights to Constitutional remedies
All the rights that the Constitution of India provides are justiciable, and people have every right to move the High Courts and the Supreme Court when their rights are encroached upon. Nonetheless, the Indian Fundamental Rights aren't absolute as reasonable restrictions can get imposed too. In the 42nd Amendment that was done in 1976, fundamental duties were included in the Constitution, and their purpose was to remind people that besides enjoying their rights as citizens, they must also carry on their duties as duties and rights are correlative.
Facts of Indian Constitution
There are some interesting facts about the Indian Constitution besides the details of a few sections and articles. Students who have been tossing with the idea of pursuing higher education in law should revise the overview of Indian Constitution. These facts are the following:
The Indian Constitution is the most voluminous and longest Constitution worldwide.
The Preamble of the Constitution of India got inspiration from the Constitution and preamble of the USA.
The actual copies of the Constitution of India weren't printed or typed. They were written by hand, and now they are kept in the Indian Parliament's library.
Prem Bihari Narain Raizada wrote the actual copies of the Indian Constitution.
The Indian Constitution recognizes some fundamental rights, and they were embraced from the American Constitution's fundamental rights.
283 members signed the original Indian Constitution, and they belonged to the Constituent Assembly.
The Indian Constitution is regarded as one of the most honoured and best Constitutions worldwide.
The idea of the 5-year plan was inspired by the USSR or Soviet Union's five planning commission.
There are nearly 2.18 crore unresolved cases in the distinct as well as Indian high courts.
Originally, the Indian Constitution was written in Hindi and English.
The English variety of the Constitution of India has 1,17,369 words.
Various artists who hailed from Shantiniketan had decorated the pages of the Indian Constitution.
On 9th December 1946, the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly took place.
It took nearly three years to write and complete the Indian Constitution.
Nearly 2000 amendments were made in the initial draft of the Indian Constitution.
On 24th January 1950, the Indian Constitution was signed.
On 26th January 1950, the Indian Constitution was enforced legally.
The Constitution of India borrowed many things from the Constitutions of different nations, like the USA, the USSR, France, Germany, Japan, etc.
In the year 2019, there were just 103 amendments that were made in the Indian Constitution since the time it was enforced.