Mercuric II Chloride
Mercury and chlorine are the two chemical compounds that react together to form HgCl₂ with the chemical name Mercuric chloride. Mercury chloride is also referred to as Mercury ii chloride or Mercury (II) chloride or Dichlor Mercury. Mercury (II) chloride is a compound that is highly toxic and the compound is also corrosive to the mucous membranes. The compound is mostly used as a wood preservative, disinfectant, fungicide, and antiseptic. By colour, Mercury dichloride is white and odourless in smell. It is a crystalline solid. Mercury ii chloride consists of a mercury atom that is bonded with two chlorines due to which is known as a triatomic molecule. The molecule gets dissolved in water.
Mercuric Chloride (HgCl₂) Properties
Following are some of the properties of mercury chloride:-
The chemical formula of mercuric chloride is HgCl₂.
The molecular weight of the mercuric chloride (HgCl₂) is 271.52 g/mol.
Mercuric chloride has a density of 5.43 g/cm3.
The boiling point of the mercury chloride (HgCl₂) is 304°C.
The melting point of the mercury chloride (HgCl₂) is 276°C.
At ordinary temperatures, mercuric chloride is slightly volatile.
Mercuric chloride is a compound that can be sublime unchanged.
The solubility of the mercury chloride (HgCl₂) is 5 to 10 my/ml.
When inhaled, absorbed by skin or either digest the compound (Mercuric chloride) cause toxicity.
Structure of Mercury Chloride (HgCl₂)
Both the exact mass of the Mercury II Chloride and also the monoisotopic mass of the mercury chloride is 271.908 g/mol. Both the number of donors and the acceptors of the number of hydrogen bonds is equal to zero. This compound consists of only one covalently bonded unit and the compound is canonicalized.
Uses of Mercury Chloride (HgCl₂)
Following are the certain uses of mercury chloride (HgCl₂):-
In the preservation of the anatomical specimens, mercuric chloride is used.
Mercuric chloride is also used in leather tanning.
It is also used in antiseptic and disinfectants.
Mercuric chloride is also used for micrography, in the manufacturing of ink.
In analytical chemistry, this compound is used as a reagent.
This compound is used as an intensifier in photography.
This compound is used in the conversion of acetylene into vinyl chloride as a catalyst.
Mercuric chloride is used as an ant repellent.
Mercuric chloride is used in the cases of the dry battery.
Mercuric chloride solution is used as a dip for tubers and bulbs.
For the conversion of vinyl chloride from acetylene, mercuric chloride is generally used. This vinyl chloride is used as a precursor of polyvinyl chloride.
Occasionally, To form an amalgam of metals such as aluminium, mercuric chloride (HgCl₂) is used.
Mercuric chloride (HgCl₂) is a compound that is also used as a stabilizing agent in both the analytical samples as well as the chemical samples.