|molar mass||53.49 g·mol−1|
|melting point||338 in ℃, 640 in °F, and 611 in K|
|boiling point||520 in ℃, 968 in °F, and 793 in K|
|Solubility||liquid ammonia, hydrazine, slightly soluble in acetone, and insoluble in diethyl ether, ethyl acetate (244 g/L at -15 ℃, 294 g/L at 0 ℃, 383.0 g/L at 25 ℃, 454.4 g/L at 40 ℃, and 740.8 g/L at 100 ℃)|
|std. enthalpy||−314.43 kJ/mol|
|Gibbs free energy||−202.97 kJ/mol|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.642 at 20 °C|
Usually, this method is used to minimize the release of ammonia from some industrial work. Commercially, ammonium chloride is prepared from the combination of ammonia (NH3) with either hydrogen chloride (gas) or hydrochloric acid.
When heated, Ammonium chloride shows the neutral nature, but in reality, ammonium chloride decomposes into ammonia, and hydrogen chloride gas on the heat.