The difference between the AC Generator and DC Generator is one of the crucial topics studied by students during their board studies. The essential difference between AC and DC Generators in a clear and precise way is provided in this article. The points of differences discussed can help students to understand the concept more effectively.
What Does an AC Generator Mean?
An electric generator that converts the mechanical form of energy into electrical energy refers to an AC Generator or Alternator. The electrical energy produced is in the form of an alternating current sinusoidal waveform. The working of an AC Generator is based upon Faraday’s principle of Electromagnetic Induction. One of the basic differences between the AC Generator and the DC Generator is the components present. An AC Generator includes components:
Some of the advantages and disadvantages of AC Generator include:
It’s effortless to step up and step-down AC Generators with the use of transformers.
Due to the step-up feature, the transmission link size may get thinner.
As compared to the DC machine, there are a smaller number of losses in the AC Generator.
Size is the main difference between AC and DC Generators. AC Generators are comparatively smaller than DC motors.
The production of AC power on a large-scale using AC Generators can be unsafe.
Resistive heat is produced when electricity flows from AC Generator to transformer coils, which can damage the insulation.
What Does A DC Machine Mean?
An electrical machine that converts mechanical energy into direct current electricity refers to the DC Generator. According to the Faraday Law, an emf is induced when a conductor experiences changing magnetic flux then an emf is produced. The emf generated can cause a flow of current when the conductor circuit gets closed. As mentioned earlier, the difference between an alternator and DC Generator lies in the presence of components. The essential parts of a DC Generator include:
Some advantages and disadvantages of DC Generator include as follows:
DC Generators are widely used for different purposes. For instance, it is used for lighting and power, arc lamps, to provide a power supply, and more.
The input power in a DC motor is not transformed completely into the output power. Due to this reason, there is a loss in some parts of input power in different forms.
Due to the resistance in the winding, the current starts flowing in the winding. It results in a copper loss.
Differentiate Between AC and DC Generator
AC Generators generally produce a high voltage that varies in time as well as amplitude. However, a DC machine generates a low voltage that is continuous in amplitude plus time. It is one of the main differences between DC motors and AC Generators.
Other Points of Differences Include:
Apart from the difference between AC Generators and DC motors, there are some similarities between them. Both AC and DC Generators work on the relative motion of the coil and the magnetic field used to generate electricity.
Similarities Between AC and DC Generator
Both Alternating current (AC) and Direct current (DC) are produced by causing charge to flow via wires in order to convey electrical energy and power various devices.
A voltage source causes current flows in the circuits in both currents. Converting from one type of currency to another is also conceivable, however switching from AC to DC is typically seen to be easier.
Both have a permanent magnet, either a string horseshoe magnet or an electromagnet.
Both use an armature coil with a soft iron core.
Both depend on the relative motion of a coil between the coil of a wire and the magnetic field utilized in the generation of electricity.
Although the alternating current is generated, the commutator is employed to convert direct current to alternating current in DC Generators.
An induction generator, also known as an asynchronous generator, has a working principle similar to that of an AC Generator and generates electric power using the principles of induction motors. It is referred to as asynchronous because the induction generator operates at a slower speed than the synchronous generator. The rotor of the generator is positioned within a spinning magnetic field, and the rotor is spun by an external source of mechanical energy such that it rotates faster than the magnetic field. The revolving shaft drags the magnetic field ahead, causing electricity to flow into the generator's coils. The output of the induction generator depends upon the magnitude of the negative slip and the speed of the rotor or how fast the motor drives above the synchronous speed in the same direction. Because they can recover energy with quite simple controls, induction generators are helpful in applications such as mini-hydropower plants, wind turbines, and decreasing high-pressure gas streams to lower pressure.