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NEET Physics Syllabus 2024

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Last updated date: 01st Mar 2024
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NEET 2024 Updated Physics Syllabus for Medical Entrance Examination - Free PDF Download

NEET or the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test 2024 Physics Syllabus for the medical entrance examination in PDF format is available to download on the Vedantu site. Downloading the Physics NEET Syllabus 2024 will help candidates to prepare for the exam thoroughly & to score more marks in NEET 2024 Examination. 


NEET Syllabus 2024


The syllabus is the most significant part as it aids all the candidates to know about the various topics/subjects on which they must work upon for the examination. Students can also download the NEET Question Paper, NEET Sample Paper and NEET Important Questions for NEET 2024 exam preparation.

NEET Chapter-wise Syllabus(Class 11 &12)

NEET 2024 Physics Syllabus for Medical Entrance Examination - Free PDF Download

Sl. No

Physics Chapters in NEET 2024 Syllabus

Topic Details

1

Physics and Measurements

  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society.


  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.


  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.


2

Kinematics

  • A frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed, and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).


  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.


  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular component.


  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.


3

Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.


  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).


4

Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.


  • Notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.


5

Rotational Motion

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.


  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.


  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation, and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.


6

Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.


  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.


7

Porerties Of Solids and Liquids

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.


  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.


  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.


  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.


  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.


  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

8

Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.


9

Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.


  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.


10

Oscillation and Waves

  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance. 70


  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

11

Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.


  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.


  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)


  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.


  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.


12

Current Electricity

  • Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, and conductivity.


  • Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.


  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.


  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.


  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.


13

Magnetic effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.


  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.


  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.


  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.


  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.


  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets


14

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.


  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.


  • AC generator and transformer.


15

Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current.


  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.


  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.


16

Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.


  • Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.


  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.


  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.


  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.


  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.


  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.


  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.


  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.


17

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.


  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).


18

Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.

  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

19

Electronic Devices 

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, diode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

20

Experimental Skills


Download NEET Physics Syllabus 2024 Free PDF

For downloading the latest comprehensive syllabus in the PDF format from our website, click on the link given on this page

 

NEET 2024 Physics Important Chapters

  • Semiconductors

  • Laws of Motion

  • Kinematics

  • Work, Energy, and Power

  • Heat & Thermodynamics

  • Rotational Motion

  • Modern Physics

  • Current Electricity & Magnetism

  • Electrostatics

  • Oscillation & Waves

  • Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Currents

  • Optics


NEET Exam Pattern 2024

NEET 2024 exam is scheduled to be held on 17th July 2024. The application form for NEET 2024 is available from 6th April 2024. The syllabus of NEET 2024 has been curated by MCI after considering the syllabus prescribed by NCERT, CBSE and COBSE in Classes 11 and 12 in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Familiarity with the exam pattern followed by the syllabus will ensure a thorough preparation of each and every topic covered for candidates aspiring to crack NEET 2024. The following table gives an in-depth understanding of the exam pattern to be followed in NEET 2024.


Category

Details

Duration of exam

3 hours and 20 minutes

Total number of questions

200 Questions but 180 need to be attempted  (20 Optional - 5 from each subject)

Total marks

720 Marks

3 Sections of the paper

  1. Physics

  2. Chemistry

  3. Biology

(I) Botany

(II) Zoology

Marking scheme

For correct answer: + 4

For incorrect answer: -1

For unattempted question: no deduction

Type of questions

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Exam mode

Pen and paper-based (offline)


NEET UG 2023 Detailed Exam Paper Pattern


Subjects 

Sections

No. of Questions

Marks Allotted 

Physics        

Section A

35

140

Section B

15

40

Chemistry

Section A

35

140

Section B

15

40

Botany

Section A

35

140

Section B

15

40

Zoology

Section A

35

140

Section B

15

40

Total

200 (20 optional)

720


NEET 2023 Physics Chapter Wise Marks Distribution

Class XI

Chapters

Expected number of Questions

Marks Distribution

Weightage

Physical World & Measurement

2

8

4.44%

Kinematics

2

8

4.44%

Laws of Motion

5

20

11.11%

Work, Energy, and Power

1

4

2.22%

Motion of system of particles & rigid body

3

12

6.67%

Gravitation

2

8

4.44%

Properties of Bulk Matter

4

16

8.89%

Kinetic Theory of Gases

2

8

4.44%

Oscillation & Waves

2

8

4.44%


Total Questions

23

Total Marks

92

51.11%

Class XII

Electrostatics

4

16

8.89%

Current Electricity

3

12

6.67%

Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism

3

12

6.67%

EMI

2

8

4.44%

Optics

5

20

11.11%

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation &

Atoms & Nuclei

3

12

6.67%

Electronic Devices

2

8

4.44%


Total Questions 22

Total Marks

88

48.89%


Total Questions

45

Total Marks

180

Total Weightage from Class XI & XII: 100%

 

Expected Topic Wise Percentage High-to-Low Weightage

 

Class XI

  • Physical World & Measurement - 20%

  • Kinetic Theory of Gases & Thermodynamics - 20%

  • Properties of bulk matter - 20%

  • Motion of system of particles & rotational motion - 13%

  • Oscillation & Wave - 7%

  • Laws of Motion - 7%

  • Gravitation - 7%

  • Kinematics - 6%

 

Class XII

  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation; Atoms & Nuclei - 23%

  • Current Electricity - 17%

  • Electronics devices - 17%

  • Optics - 17%

  • Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism - 10%

  • Electrostatics - 7%

  • Electromagnetic Induction - 3%


NEET 2023: Important Dates 

After a thorough understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern for NEET 2023, candidates are advised to note down the important dates pertaining to NEET 2023. NTA has released the date of examination. NEET 2023 is scheduled to be held on 17th July 2023. The registration process has started on 6th April 2023 and will last until 6th May 2023. You can go through the below table for further details.



Dates

Registration for NEET-UG 2023 

April 15, 2023

Last date for application form submission

May 15, 2023

Last date to submit the application fee 

April 6, 2023

Correction window of NEET application form

April 8, 2023

Admit card release date

May 4, 2023

NEET 2023

7 May 2023

Declaration of Results

2nd to last week of June (tentative)

Start of NEET 2023 counselling process

Will be announced soon


Why Choose Vedantu for NEET 2023 Preparation?

At Vedantu, we provide all the following essentials for the NEET preparation:

  1. Self-assessment mock tests, 

  2. Important topics, 

  3. A preparation strategy, and 

  4. PYQPs 

So that students can cover the vast syllabus in a stipulated time. And excel in the NEET exam. Vedantu also provides the solution to the previous year question papers which will push you in obtaining a high score in the upcoming NEET exam. You can make use of web pages that were created for NEET previous year question papers to prepare for the NEET 2023 Examination.


Solving previous year question papers can help you recognise your strong and weak areas in the subject. It gives you the feel of answering a real exam and thus helps you become ready for the upcoming NEET 2023. You can also avail yourself of NEET Syllabus 2023 pdf download for free.

FAQs on NEET Physics Syllabus 2024

1. How can one score good marks in NEET Physics using NEET 2023 Physics Syllabus?

The exam paper of NEET Physics consists of questions from both classes (i.e., XI and XII). So, in order to achieve good marks, students will have to study from good sources and reference books like NCERT, etc. After going through the chapters thoroughly, students are also advised to attempt the exercise questions from the same. After having a brief run-through of the above, students can write their own references of different formulae and important points, which is also known as Fact Sheet. 


After you have finished referring to the NCERT books, you can go for some similar reference books which will help you understand the concepts even better. Students should also get their doubts cleared regularly in order to avoid last-minute confusion that leads to stress. It is also advised to practice previous years’ question papers. This not only gives the students an idea about the format of the paper but also helps the students gain confidence to solve the papers during their exams.

2. What is a useful source to learn NEET Physics-related Concepts?

Vedantu website or app is the best study source for students who are willing to appear for NEET exams. You can find everything you need to study on this website or app as the sources on this website are thoroughly created and edited by professionals, which makes the learning even more interactive and easy to understand. Also, there is no need to worry about the fees required since the content on this website is absolutely free! All you need to do is create an account and further take advantage of all the study materials offered to you, which will surely help you gain a good score in your exams.

3. Does solving Previous Years’ Question Papers really prove to be useful?

The answer to your question is Yes. The choice of solving question papers of previous years’ is a good habit to cultivate while preparing for NEET exams. The reason is that it gives a clear idea about the format of the question paper and also what questions are repeated more often and which chapters contain more weightage and which chapters contain less weightage. About roughly 10-15 questions are repeated in some modified versions of the exam papers. So it is best to include solving the previous papers in your study habits.

4. Is it possible to score 700 in NEET Exams using NEET 2023 Physics Syllabus?

As the proverb goes, “Practice makes a man perfect”, you have to keep on practising. It is difficult but not impossible. You have to avoid making some mistakes if you are willing to score such good marks. First of all, you need to drop the thinking of doing hard work. That does not mean that you shouldn’t study hard. It simply means you also need to include some smart work in order to score 700 in NEET exams. 


You need to score somewhere between 170 to 180 in just physics, meaning you need to get 43 to 45 questions correct out of 45 questions. For that, you need to study at least one full chapter with proper dedication and also get your concepts cleared in a proper manner. You need to also study with the help of reliable sources which are provided by the Vedantu app or website.

5. Is the NEET Physics exam easy to crack using the NEET 2023 physics syllabus?

The most difficult section in the NEET exam is that of Physics. In the NEET Physics exam, 45 questions carry 180 marks. The questions that are asked in physics exams are often lengthy, and tricky calculations are involved. Hence, they require lots of practice. And proper study materials in order to ace the NEET physics exams. Fortunately, there is no need to worry since an enriching experience is provided by the Vedantu app or website. It provides the students with professionalised sources that contain solutions that are explained in simple and user-friendly language.