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Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024

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Laws of Motion Notes is the most useful and important tool for the students preparing for the NEET exam. In the chapter laws of motion for the NEET exam, we will cover newton’s laws, friction forces, inertial, the concept of impulse, conservation laws, circular motion, etc.

The three statements made by Isaac Newton that serve as the foundation of classical mechanics and describe the link between forces acting on a body and its motion are known as Newton's laws of motion. This unit will have at least one question for candidates. Laws of Motion, Friction, and Circular Motion Dynamics are just a few of the key concepts covered in this section.

In this article, we have provided important concepts regarding the laws of motion chapter that will be asked in the NEET 2022 exam.

Important Topics of Laws of Motion

Newton’s second law of motion

Newton’s Third law of motion

Friction and its types

Linear momentum

Impulse physics

Conservation of linear momentum

Laws of Friction

Circular motion

Centripetal and centrifugal forces

1. When a body is placed on a rough plane inclined at an angle θ to the horizontal, what will be the acceleration gained by the body.

Sol:

Let us first start with the FBD of the problem.

Now, we are asked to determine the acceleration of the body. We know that the,

$F_{net}=ma$ and the acceleration a will be along the surface. Thus, the net force we need will be along the surface.

Thus, we get:

$F_{net}=mg \sin \theta -{f_k}$

$ma=mg \sin \theta-\mu N$....(1)

Now, from FBD, value of N (normal force) will be: $N=mg \cos \theta$

Therefore, equation (1) becomes:

$ma=mg \sin \theta-\mu \left(mg \cos \theta \right)$

$a=g\left (\sin \theta-\mu \cos \theta\right)$

Therefore, acceleration of the given body on inclined plane is $g\left (\sin \theta-\mu \cos \theta\right)$.

Key Point: Since the body is acting on the rough surface the frictional force acting will be kinetic friction or sliding friction.

2. One end of a string of length l is connected to a particle of mass m and the other to a small peg on a smooth horizontal table. If the particle moves in a circle with speed v the net force on the particle?

Sol:

Given,

The length of a the string=l

The mass of the particle is m and it is moving with velocity v in a circular path. Now we are asked to determine the net force acting on the particle.

Since one end of the string is attached to the particle, the net force acting will be tension force, and this will be equal to the centripetal force acting on the particle.

Therefore, we write

Net force=Centripetal force

$T=\dfrac {mv^2}{r}$

Therefore, the net force acting is tension force T.

Key Point: When a particle is attached to one end of the string and it is further subjected to rotate then, the net force acting will be the tension force.

1. A particle moving with velocity $\vec V$ is acted by three forces shown by the vector triangle PQR. The velocity of the particle will : (NEET 2019)

Increase

Decrease

Remains constant

Change according to the smallest force $\vec {QR}$

Sol:

In this question, we are given that a particle is moving in closed loop, it implies that the net force acting on the particle will be zero.

I.e., $\vec F_{net}=0$

$m \left[ \dfrac {d\vec v}{dt}\right]=0$

$\dfrac {d \vec v}{dt}=0$

v= constant

Therefore, option C is right answer.

Trick: In closed paths, the net force acting on the body will be constant and velocity will constant.

2. A block of mass m is placed on a smooth inclined wedge ABC of inclination θ as shown in the figure. The wedge is given an acceleration 'a' towards the right. The relation between a and θ for the block to remain stationary on the wedge is? (NEET 2018)

$a=g \cos \theta $

$a=\dfrac {g} {cosec \theta}$

$a=g \tan \theta $

$a=\dfrac {g} {\sin \theta}$

Sol: Let us start with free body diagram for the given problem.

Here, we will use the concept of pseudo force to arrive at the solution. In non inertial frame, we will consider the object is at rest and the forces acting on the bock will be:

$ma \cos \theta = mg \sin \theta$

$a=g \dfrac { \sin \theta}{ \cos \theta}=g \tan \theta$

Therefore, option c is the right answer.

Trick: We should use pseudo force in the non-inertial frame so that we can consider the block is at rest.

1. A rigid ball of mass m strikes a wall at 600 and gets reflected without loss of speed as shown in the figure. The value of impulse imparted by the wall on the ball will be( Ans: mv)

2. A block of mass m is placed on a smooth inclined plane of inclination θ and of mass M, which in turn is placed on a smooth horizontal surface AB as shown. A horizontal force F is applied on the side of the inclined plane so that the block m is just prevented from slipping over the plane. The value of F is (Ans: $\left (M+m\right) g \tan \theta$)

In this article, we discussed important concepts of the NEET exam from the chapter laws of motion. We have also solved a few important questions, recently asked questions and solved them with tricks. In this article, we have provided the practice questions that will help students to check their level of preparation.

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NEET 2023 exam date and revised schedule have been announced by the NTA. NEET 2023 will now be conducted on 7-May-2023, and the exam registration closes on last week of Dec 2022. You can check the complete schedule on our site. Furthermore, you can check NEET 2023 dates for application, admit card, exam, answer key, result, counselling, etc along with other relevant information.

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NEET 2023 free online mock test series for exam preparation are available on the Vedantu website for free download. Practising these mock test papers of Physics, Chemistry and Biology prepared by expert teachers at Vedantu will help you to boost your confidence to face the NEET 2023 examination without any worries.
The NEET test series for Physics, Chemistry and Biology that is based on the latest syllabus of NEET and also the Previous Year Question Papers.

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NTA is responsible for the release of the NEET 2023 cut off score. The qualifying percentile score might remain the same for different categories. According to the latest trends, the expected cut off mark for NEET 2023 is 50% for general category candidates, 45% for physically challenged candidates, and 40% for candidates from reserved categories. For the general category, NEET qualifying marks for 2022 ranged from 715-117 general category, while for OBC/SC/ST categories, they ranged from 116-93 for OBC, 116-93 for SC and 116-93 for ST category.

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The NEET 2023 result will be published by NTA on https://neet.nta.nic.in/ in the form of a scorecard. The scorecard will include the roll number, application number, candidate's personal details, and the percentile, marks, and rank of the candidate. Only those candidates who achieve the NEET cut-off will be considered qualified for the exam.

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NEET 2023 state rank lists will be released by the state counselling committees for admissions to the {state-quota-percentage} state quota and to all seats in private medical and dental colleges. NEET 2023 state rank lists are based on the marks obtained in entrance exams. Candidates can check the NEET 2023 state rank list on the official website or on our site.

Want to know which Engineering colleges in India accept the NEET 2023 scores for admission to Engineering? Find the list of Engineering colleges accepting NEET scores in India, compiled by Vedantu. There are 1622 Colleges that are accepting NEET. Also find more details on Fees, Ranking, Admission, and Placement.

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FAQ

1. Is laws of motion important for NEET?

With a weightage of 3%, Laws of Motion is an important chapter in the NEET Syllabus. It is critical to have a firm grasp on the principles of this topic, not only to pass the exam, but also to comprehend its numerous applications in science.

2. How many questions come in NEET from laws of motion?

Laws of motion is one of the most significant chapters in physics, and the Physics NEET exam has a total of 45 questions. This chapter is worth 3% of your grade, and you can easily pass it.

3. Can I study laws of motion without studying kinematics?

Yes. They are, in fact, tied to one another. The motion in the 1D, 2D, and 3D portions is a significant aspect of the application of laws of motion issues. This topic is covered in at least 2-4 NEET questions.

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