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Last updated date: 16th Sep 2023

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This chapter of work, energy and power deals with the prior revision of all the concepts we studied in our lower grades to build the connection between the advanced parts of the same. In work, energy and power, we have already studied the formulae which describe physical entities like energy, force and work creating the basics of other derived quantities.

In Physics, work is defined as the scalar product of force and displacement which sometimes is also considered as the work done by a constant force.

W = $\vec{F\cdot\vec{s}}$

Or W=Fs$\cos\theta$

Here F is the force and s is the displacement whereas theta is the angle acting between both of them. This relation helps to understand the various related terms like the angle between force and displacement, and what is the nature of work associated with these two quantities.

Moving further, the chapter brings into light the concepts of work done by variable force, the Work-Energy theorem and some other forms of energy. We have also studied the conservative and non-conservative forces and the stability of equilibrium when different forces act in the system, Gravitational Potential energy motion in the vertical circle, energy related to the spring system, etc.

Now, let us move on to the important concepts and formulae related to NEET exams along with a few solved examples.

Work and its unit

Work done by a Variable force

Work Energy Theorem

Conservative Forces

The potential energy of spring

Gravitational Potential Energy

Vertical Circular Motion

Elastic Collision

Inelastic Collision

Energy and its various types

Conservation of Mechanical Energy

Energy and its various types

1. A porter lifts a suitcase weighing 20kg from the platform and carries it in his hand 2.0m above the platform. Calculate the work done by the porter on the suitcase.

Sol:

Given, $m = 20kg$ , $h = 2m$

$W = -mgh$ (negative sign is due to motion against gravity)

Hence $W = -(20)(10)(2)$ =-400 Joule.

Key Point: Here, only the work done against gravity will act since the kinetic energy of the suitcase is zero.

2. An elevator weighing 500kg is to be lifted up at a constant velocity of 0.20m/s. What would be the minimum horsepower of the motor to be used?

Sol:

Given, m = 500kg, Velocity = 0.20/s

g= 10 m/s2

We have to calculate the power in horsepower.

We know $P= Fv$

Where F is force acting on the elevator. Thus, $F = mg$

Hence, $P = mgv$

=(500)(0.20)(10)

=1000W

And $1hp = 760W$

Therefore, Power in hp = 1000/760 = 1.315hp

Key Point: Here only power’s formula is the main thing that students should remember.

1. A force F = 20+10y acts on a particle in y direction where F is in newton and y in metres. The work done by this force to move the particle from y=0 to y=1m is (NEET 2019)

Sol:

Given, F = (20+10y) N

We have to calculate the work done from y=0 to y=1m.

Here, the force acting is variable force; hence

W= $\int_{y_{1}}^{y_{2}}Fdy$

= $\int_{y=0}^{y=1}20+10ydy$

=$20y+\left.\dfrac{10^2}{2}\right|_0^1$

=25J

Hence, the work done by this force to move the particle from y=0 to y=1m is 25 J.

Trick: We can solve the question using the formula of power.

2. The work done to raise a mass m from the surface of the earth to a height h, which is equal to the radius of the earth, is: (NEET 2019)

Sol:

The initial potential energy of the mass at the surface of the earth having radius R is

Ui = $\dfrac{-GMm}{r}$

When mass m is raised to height h, the final energy becomes

Uf = $\dfrac{-GMm}{r+h}$

Hence, the work done here will be the change in kinetic energy = Uf-Ui

= $\dfrac{-GMm}{r+h}$ - $\dfrac{-GMm}{r}$ (here h = r)

=$\dfrac{-GMm}{2r}$ - $\dfrac{-GMm}{r}$

=$\dfrac{-GMm}{2r}$

But g=$\dfrac{GM}{r^{2}}$

Hence, the final work done is $ \dfrac{mgR}{2}$

Trick: We can solve the question with the help of the work-energy theorem.

1. A cyclist comes to a skidding stop at 10m. During this process, the force on the cycle due to the road is 200N and is directly opposed to the motion. How much work does the road do on the cycle?

Ans -2000J

2. A ball with a velocity of 5 m/s impinges at an angle of 60˚ with the vertical on a smooth horizontal plane. If the coefficient of restitution is 0.5, find the velocity and direction after the impact.

Ans: v = 0.3m/s and the direction will be perpendicular to the surface

In this article, we have provided all important information regarding the chapter Work, Energy and Power. Some of these include important formulae, concepts, etc. Students should work on more solved examples, sample papers and previous year questions for securing good marks in the NEET exam.

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NEET 2023 exam date and revised schedule have been announced by the NTA. NEET 2023 will now be conducted on 7-May-2023, and the exam registration closes on last week of Dec 2022. You can check the complete schedule on our site. Furthermore, you can check NEET 2023 dates for application, admit card, exam, answer key, result, counselling, etc along with other relevant information.

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NTA has announced the NEET 2023 application form release date on the official website https://neet.nta.nic.in/. NEET 2023 Application Form is available on the official website for online registration. Besides NEET 2023 application form release date, learn about the application process, steps to fill the form, how to submit, exam date sheet etc online. Check our website for more details.

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NEET 2023 free online mock test series for exam preparation are available on the Vedantu website for free download. Practising these mock test papers of Physics, Chemistry and Biology prepared by expert teachers at Vedantu will help you to boost your confidence to face the NEET 2023 examination without any worries.
The NEET test series for Physics, Chemistry and Biology that is based on the latest syllabus of NEET and also the Previous Year Question Papers.

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NTA is responsible for the release of the NEET 2023 cut off score. The qualifying percentile score might remain the same for different categories. According to the latest trends, the expected cut off mark for NEET 2023 is 50% for general category candidates, 45% for physically challenged candidates, and 40% for candidates from reserved categories. For the general category, NEET qualifying marks for 2022 ranged from 715-117 general category, while for OBC/SC/ST categories, they ranged from 116-93 for OBC, 116-93 for SC and 116-93 for ST category.

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The NEET 2023 result will be published by NTA on https://neet.nta.nic.in/ in the form of a scorecard. The scorecard will include the roll number, application number, candidate's personal details, and the percentile, marks, and rank of the candidate. Only those candidates who achieve the NEET cut-off will be considered qualified for the exam.

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NEET 2023 state rank lists will be released by the state counselling committees for admissions to the {state-quota-percentage} state quota and to all seats in private medical and dental colleges. NEET 2023 state rank lists are based on the marks obtained in entrance exams. Candidates can check the NEET 2023 state rank list on the official website or on our site.

Want to know which Engineering colleges in India accept the NEET 2023 scores for admission to Engineering? Find the list of Engineering colleges accepting NEET scores in India, compiled by Vedantu. There are 1622 Colleges that are accepting NEET. Also find more details on Fees, Ranking, Admission, and Placement.

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FAQ

1. What is the weightage of the Work, Energy and Power in NEET?

Nearly 2-3 questions appear in the exam from this chapter covering about 10 marks which makes about 2% of the total marks.

2. What are the key points that need to be practised for solving questions from Work, Energy and Power?

Students should practice the work-energy theorem and vertical circular motion for solving the questions from the Work, Energy and Power.

3. Are previous year's questions enough for NEET?

To score 600+ in NEET, NCERT (both 11th and 12th) and previous year NEET papers are sufficient. Solving the previous 10 years' question papers for NEET examinations offers a tremendous advantage because 2-3 questions with identical alternatives are guaranteed to be repeated every year.

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