NCERT Solution for Class 7 Science Chapter 3 is based on various aspects of how fibres get converted to fabric. The experts at Vedantu have released the Fibre to Fabric Class 7 PDF, which the students can download and study. Such a solution-based approach will help the students to build a stronghold on the subject matter. All the questions related to Class 7 Science Chapter 3 are being structured and arranged in a precise manner so that the students can gradually grasp the contents of the topic. Maths Students who are looking for the better solutions ,they can download Maths NCERT Solutions Class 7 to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. The students can have access to these solutions from anywhere.
Do you need help with
your Homework? Are you preparing for Exams?
Study without Internet (Offline)
Loading More Solutions...
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric PDF Download
Fibre to Fabric Class 7 NCERT is an important chapter to build the concepts regarding the subject in the brains of the students. Students can have easy access to the PDF version of Ch 3 Science Class 7. NCERT Solutions Class 7 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric cover all those topics that guarantee every student of success in terms of high marks in their examination.
Chapter 3 – Fibre to Fabric
Sheep are the primary source of wool. Different breeds of sheep produce different qualities of wool. Apart from sheep, Yak (in Ladakh and Tibet), Angora goat (source of angora wool in Jammu and Kashmir), Alpaca and Llama (in South America) are also the sources of wool. Goat hair from the Kashmiri goat’s underfur can also be used to produce wool and is mainly woven into rich-quality Pashmina shawls. Camel Fur can also be used to produce wool.
Although there are so many sources of wool, sheep are reared mainly to support the wool industry. The sheep fur is cut, collected and processed to produce wool. The entire process starts with the breeding and rearing of sheep. You will see these herds of sheep along with their shepherds if you travel to the hilly regions of Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. You will also see them in the plains of Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat and Rajasthan. Although sheep mainly feed on leaves and grasses, the shepherds also feed them with mixtures of corn, pulses, oil cakes, jowar and minerals. Shepherds mainly prefer to keep the herds indoor during winter and feed them with grains, dry leaves and fodder.
The wool that we use for weaving shawls or knitting sweaters is actually the finished product obtained from processing the fleece collected from the sheep. The process of conversion of fleece into wool is a long process involving several steps.
Step 1: Shearing: The fleece and a thin layer of the skin is peeled off the sheep’s body by the process called shearing. Shearing is done with the help of machines that are similar to the ones used by the barbers. Generally, shearers prefer the hot weather so that the sheep can survive without the protective fur. These hairs in the fur have the woollen fibres which are then processed to form the woollen yarn.
Do not think that the sheep get hurt during shearing. The process is similar to a normal hair cut. Moreover, the top layer of the skin is dead. The sheep regrow the top skin layer as well as the hair, just like our body hair.
Step 2: Scouring: After the skin and hair are sheared, the shearers wash them thoroughly in tanks to remove dust, dirt and grease. This washing process is called scouring. Although done manually in previous times, machines are used nowadays to do this job.
Step 3: Sorting: After scouring, the sorting of different textures of hairs is done. The hairs are sent to a factory, where they are sorted according to their texture.
Step 4: Picking Burrs: The hairs might contain fluffy and small fibres called burrs. You might find small pieces of them on your woollen clothes. These burrs are picked and the fibres are then scoured and dried. The wool is now ready to be converted to fibres.
Step 5: Dyeing: In general, the natural colours of the fleece of goats and sheep are white, brown or black. However, the fibres thus obtained are dyed in various colours.
Step 6: Rolling into Yarns: After dyeing, the fibres are combed, straightened and rolled in the shape of a yarn. Sweaters are made from the long fibres while other woollen clothes are made from the shorter fibres.
Different breeds of sheep are reared for different qualities of wool. For example,
Lohi breed from Punjab and Rajasthan is reared for good quality wool.
Marwari breed from Gujarat is reared for coarse quality wool.
Rampur Bushair breed from Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh is reared for brown fleece.
Carpet wool is obtained from the Nali breed from Haryana, Punjab, and Rajasthan.
Bakharwal is bred in Jammu and Kashmir for woollen shawls.
Patanwadi breed in Gujarat is reared for the manufacture of hosiery.
In general, the breed of sheep that produce good quality wool is selectively bred. Once the sheep develops a thick hair growth, the fur is shaved off and processed for making wool.
Although the wool industry is considered to be a stable source of income for many, the workers face serious occupational hazards as well. The sorter experiences the risk of getting infected with the Anthrax bacterium, which is responsible for sorter’s disease. This disease is a fatal disease affecting the blood of the sorter.
Another type of animal fibre that is used to make clothes is silk fibre. Silkworm is the architect of the silk fibre. Sericulture is the process of rearing silkworms to generate silk.
The life history of a silk moth is an interesting story. It begins when the female moth lays eggs. The eggs hatch and the larvae (also known as silkworms or caterpillars) come out. The caterpillars grow in size and it enters the next stage called the pupa. In the pupa stage, the worm first weaves a net-like structure to support itself. Then it makes its head swing from side to side, resembling the figure eight (8). During such movements, the caterpillar produces a secretion which on contact with air, hardens and forms the silk fibre. The caterpillar covers itself totally in this silk fibre and forms the pupa. Cocoon is the scientific term to describe this silk covering. It is the place where the worm develops from the pupa stage to the moth stage. The cocoon of the silkworm is used to make the silk yarn.
Several varieties of silk moths produce different qualities and varieties of silk yarn. Mulberry silk moth is the most common type, and the fibre obtained from it is lustrous, soft, elastic, and can be dyed with different colours. Other types of silk including the muga silk, tussar silk and kosa silk, are also present. Sericulture is a very old and common occupation in India, producing silk on a commercial basis.
There are several steps to the process of producing silk. They are:
Rearing Silkworms: In general, a mother silk moth lays about a hundred eggs at once. These eggs are carefully stored on paper or cloth strips and sold to the silkworm farmers. The farmers maintain suitable temperature, humidity and hygienic condition for the eggs to hatch. The larvae eat on fresh mulberry leaves all throughout the day and increases in size. The farmers keep the larvae with the mulberry leaves on clean, tiny chamber-containing bamboo trays. The larvae stop eating and enter the tiny chambers to spin the cocoon after 25-30 days. The farmers sometimes provide small twigs or racks to those chambers. Inside the cocoon, the pupa develops into the silk moth.
Silk Processing: The farmers use a pile of cocoons to make the silk fibres. The cocoons are first exposed to sun, steam or boiled. During this heating process, the fibres separate from each other. This process of obtaining the silk threads from the cocoon is known as the reeling of silk. Special machines perform the reeling process. The fibres are then spun into threads, and silk cloth is made from it by the weavers.
Despite the plethora of uses of silk, its discovery is not completely known. According to a Chinese legend, emperor Huang-ti asked his empress Si-Lung-Chi about the cause of damaged mulberry leaves in the garden. The empress noticed small white worms eating the leaves and also spinning cocoons around them. One such cocoon accidentally dropped in her tea and dismantled into delicate threads. Although silk was discovered in China, it was kept secret from the rest of the world for several centuries. Years later, travellers and traders traded silk with businessmen in other countries. The route taken by these travellers is called the silk route.
Exercise 3.2 total Solutions: 16 Questions (9 short questions and 7 long questions).
Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 3
Every student love to score good marks. However, they face several problems to understand the subject, to developing strategies to cover the syllabus and score high in examination. Vedantu’s experts have made the NCERTsolutions Class 7 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric so easy, that the students will reap several benefits out of it. Some of them are:
The entire Class 7th Science Chapter 3 has been summarized with a special focus on the important points. This will enable the student to have an overall idea of the topic.
Every student prefers to revise all the chapters before any examination. Getting the Science Class 7 Chapter 3 in a concise form will help them to cover all the subtopics in minimal time. The student will get more time to cover other chapters as well.
Most students find large chapters confusing and difficult to stay focused throughout. The chapter Fibre to Fabric Class 7 contains important points mentioned in a lucid flow, which helps the student to understand and remember the concepts.
The downloadable version of NCERT solution for Class 7th Science Chapter 3 allows the student to have access to it all the time.
The language and tone of NCERT solution for Class 7 Science Chapter 3 have been kept simple so that all students can easily understand it.
The NCERT Class 7 Science Chapter 3 encourages students to perform several activities to understand the concepts better.
The CBSE Class 7 Science Chapter 3 solutions ensure high scores for all types of students.