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Year 5 Fractions and Proportions

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An Overview of Topics in Year 5

Mathematics is a fascinating subject, it has numerous applications in our day-to-day lives. As the kids grow, they are introduced to various new concepts and experiments. They get to learn a lot of new things not only in maths but in science, social studies, and literature. The overall development of children is gravely influenced by the new concepts introduced to them in grades 5 and 6 as they allow kids to develop an understanding of the subjects they like.

In year 5, kids are introduced to the concepts of fractions and proportions that form the basis of many complex mathematical operations. Understanding these concepts and their applications can help kids develop a curiosity in the learning process. In the following sections, we will be providing a detailed overview of the topics covered in year 5 fractions and proportions.

Topics Covered in Mathematics in Grade Fifth

There are several important concepts that are introduced to the kids in the fifth grade. One such important concept is covered in year 5 fractions and proportions. Mentioned below are the important topics covered in year 5 apart from fractions and proportions.

Now that we have learned the topics covered in this grade, let us look into the year 5 fractions syllabus in more detail.

Year 5 Fractions

Fractions are an important concept that is introduced to kids in grade fifth. Kids are first introduced to the concept and parts of fractions, such as the denominator and numerator parts of the fraction. They are also introduced to the types of the fraction. Mentioned below is the summary of the year 5 fractions syllabus.

Compare and Order Fractions

Comparing and ordering fractions is one of the important concepts taught to kids under the topic of fractions. Ordering a set of fractions refers to arranging the fractions from the smallest to largest or vice versa. This is taught as an introduction to the concepts of fractions.

Identification of Equivalent Fractions

After learning the definition of a fraction and its components, the concept of equivalent fractions is introduced, that is, kids are taught how to identify different fractions that represent the same value. For example,$\frac{1}{3}$ and $\frac{2}{6}$ are equivalent fractions as they can be simplified into the same value: $\frac{1}{3}$.

Types of Fractions

As kids are aware of the comparison and ordering methods of fractions they are taught about the different types of fractions like the improper fractions and mixed fractions. Kids are also taught the conversion methods of one type of fraction to the other.

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions

Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions are the next step in the year 5 fractions syllabus. In this grade, kids are introduced to simple addition and subtraction of fractions (the denominator of the fraction is generally of the same multiples).

Decimal Numbers as Fractions

Kids are taught how fractions are represented in their simplest form and how they are represented as decimal numbers. To help kids better understand this topic teachers can give a brief about division using decimals.

Use Percentages

In this subtopic of fractions, kids are taught how percentages, decimals, and fractions are different ways of representing proportions. Kids are taught how percentages, fractions, and decimals are connected.


This was the complete discussion on the topics covered in year 5 fractions and proportions. Fractions and proportions are important topics in mathematics so students must practice all the sums. A small tip to parents and teachers while planning the study schedule is to allow kids to have a rest schedule. Introducing various new concepts all at once can overwhelm students and can also result in losing curiosity about the subject. Hence, it is always advised to practice one topic at a time while understanding the practical implementation of the theories and concepts of year 5 fractions and proportions.

Last updated date: 19th Sep 2023
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FAQs on Year 5 Fractions and Proportions

1. Plan a fun activity to teach kids about improper fractions.

Activities are a fun way to learn a new thing. To learn about improper fractions, teachers or parents can ask to collect a number of pizza slices and count the slices. The teacher can then encourage kids to answer questions like: Is it possible to present a mixed proportion with these slices? This can help kids to write down a mathematical method for arriving at the same result.

2. Name a practical use of fractions.

Fractions are used in baking, cooking, shopping, during sharing food, etc. There are numerous day-to-day practical applications of fractions. The knowledge of these fractions can greatly help in day-to-day activities.