A triangle is a polygon with three sides, three vertices, and three edges. An angle is formed when two sides meet, and a triangle contains three such angles where their total sum is 180 degree. It is one of the most fundamental figures of geometry, and it is a two dimensional one.
Triangle theorems are associated with various subtypes of this geometric figure, and they prove various properties associated with it. Having an in-depth knowledge of such theorems is essential to understand a triangle thoroughly and multiple problems associated with them.
Properties of a Triangle
The properties of a triangle include the followings:
It has three sides, angles, and vertices
The sum of three interior angles are always 180 degree
The sum of two sides of this geometrical figure is greater than its third one
Area of the product of this figure’s height and the base is equal to twice of its area
Types of Triangle
There are different types of triangles, and here are the classifications –
According to the Measurement of Angles
Acute angle, where all interior angles are less than 90 degrees.
Right angle, where one of the three interior angles of a triangle is 90 degree.
Obtuse angle, where one interior angle is greater than 90 degree.
According to the Measurement of Sides
An equilateral triangle is where all 3 sides are equal.
An isosceles triangle is where 2 sides are equal.
A scalene triangle is where no sides are equal.
Since the definition of triangles and its types are now clear, students can now understand the theorems quicker.
Theorems of Triangle
Triangle theorems are based on various properties of this geometrical shape, here are some prominent theorems associated with this is that students must know –
1. Pythagoras Theorem
Probably the most popular and widely discussed among triangle theorems is Pythagoras’ one.
Pythagoras theorem Class 10 states that ‘in a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse side is equal to the sum of squares of the other two sides’. According to this theorem, the sides of a triangle are named perpendicular, hypotenuse, and base. The hypotenuse is the longest one among these three sides, and it sits opposite to the right angle, i.e. 90 degrees.
Moreover, when sides of a Pythagoras theorem triangle have a positive integer value, and then squared and entered into an equation, they are known as a Pythagorean triple.
Formula of Pythagoras theorem: Hypotenuse2 = Perpendicular2 + Base2
2. Triangle Similarity Theorems
The focus of this theorem is to prove similarity between two triangles. It specifies conditions under which more than one triangle can be regarded as similar. It considers sides and angles to conclude, and once every condition is met, triangles are considered as the same.
There are three subtypes of this triangle theorem. These are –
This theorem suggests that if two angles of two triangles are similar, they have the same properties. Since the total value of three angles is 180 degrees, once the value of two angles is known, it is easy to find the third one by subtracting it from 180.
This theorem suggests that when 3 sides of two triangles have the same value or they are proportionate to each other, they are identical or congruent. Moreover, for these two, three sides need to be proportional.
When two sides of two triangles are proportional, and the angle between them have similar values, these two triangles will be similar.
3. Basic Proportionality Theorem
Triangle proportionality theorem suggests that, when a line is drawn matching to one side of a triangle intersecting the other two at particular points, these other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
4. Triangle Sum Theorem
Probably the most basic among every triangle theorems, this one proves that all-three angles of this geometric figure constitute a total value of 180 degrees.
5. Triangle Inequality Theorem
Triangle inequality theorem suggests that one side of a triangle must be shorter than the other two. Otherwise, they will not meet and create a triangle. These are some of the notable theorems associated with triangles. Students can learn more about them from the website of Vedantu – India’s leading e-learning platform.
At the website and mobile application of Vedantu, students will find relevant information and explanation regarding triangle theorems. Furthermore, there are various study materials to aid students in this regard. Also, they can sign up for online classes and doubt clearing sessions to better their preparations for this concept.