What happens when you perform multiplication of a number by 0? Multiplying a number by 0 makes the product equal to zero. Remember that the product of any real number and 0 is 0. For any real number m, m⋅0 = 0. As per the zero property of multiplication, the product of any number and zero (0), is 0. Now, we have already learnt that zero is the additive identity, given that it can be added to any number without modifying the number’s identity.
Fundamental Properties of Zero
Zero and one are actually very special numbers and, thus, hold special properties. But zero also has some unique properties concerning multiplication and division.
Zero is the additive identity and since it can be added to any number without changing the number’s identity. But zero has some special properties when it comes to multiplication and division. When multiplying a number by 0 it makes the product equal zero, so the product of any real number and 0 is 0.
Adding 0 to a numerical digit leaves its same. 0 is known as the additive identity and the property is referred to as the additive identity property.
6 + 0 = 6
1 + 0 = 1
Zero is the additive identity and since it can be added to any number without changing the number’s identity. The zero property of multiplication states that when multiplying a number by zero, the product is always zero. The zero can come before or after the number, which means the position of zero does not affect the property.
So, 2 x 0 = 0. The zero property of multiplication applies to all types of numbers, whether they are integers, fractions, decimals, or even algebraic terms. It should not be considered the same as the identity property of multiplication, which involves 1 as the identity element and in which the product is the number itself.
Zero times any numerical digit is equal to zero, meaning that multiplying any number by 0 provides 0.
0 × 6 = 0
1 × 0 = 0
Any number raised to power 0 is one. For example,
290 = 1
-570 = 1
The number 0 raised to any power remains 0. For example,
039 = 0
0-4 = 0
0 divided by any non-zero number is 0. For example,
0 ÷ 7 = 0
0 ÷ 45 = 0
Any division by 0 is undefined. For example,
51 ÷ 0 = not defined
12 ÷ 0 = not defined
Ways to Represent Multiplication
A number ‘a’ multiplied by a number ‘b’ can be represented in several ways as given below in the table:
Note: In algebra and beyond, while taking the variable x, do not use the multiplication symbol ‘×’ to denote multiplication, since it can be confusing with the variable x.
(Exception: it is conventional to use an ‘×’ for scientific notation).
Division of Zero
Dividing any number by zero is undefined. Division means splitting something into equal parts or groups so that it can be shared evenly among everyone. Though, the value of zero as a number is nothing. If it is placed before one, it is an even number that is neither positive nor negative.
For any real number m, except 0, 0/m = 0, and 0 ÷ m = 0.
Zero divided by any real number other than 0 is 0.
Note that, we can always check division with the corresponding multiplication fact. So, we know that
0 ÷ 5 = 0 since 0⋅5 = 0
Dividing With Zero
What about dividing a number with 0? Just imagine a real example: if there are no candies in the jar and five kinds want to share them, how many candies would each kid get? There are 0 candies to share, so there is no point in sharing something which isn’t present.
5÷ 0 = not defined
Solved Examples on Zero Property of Multiplication
Here are a few examples of the zero property of multiplication. These will help you learn the property of multiplication, how to multiply by 0 and its outcomes.
Simplify the expression 7/9 × 0
Since it involves multiplication by 0 and any number we multiply by 0 = 0
Thus, 7/9 × 0 = 0.
If there is 0 in multiplication, then the answer will always be 0.
Even the larger to largest numbers multiplied by 0 is 0. For example 9012765 × 0 = 0.
It really does not matter if the 0 comes first or not in the equation. For example, x multiplied by 0 = 0. Or: 0 × 7 = 0 or: 9 × 0 = 0.
It really does not matter how many numbers there are. If there is only multiplication taking place and then there is 0, the result will be 0. For example, = 459 × 9 × 0 × 5 = 0.
It does not matter the number of operations happening. If there is only multiplication taking place and there is 0, the result will be simply a 0. For example, 459 + 7 - 6 × 0 = 0.
0 × 0 = 0 (since we have zero 0).