 # Metric System of Measurement

### What is the Metric System?

The metric system is primarily a system used for measuring length, volume, distance, temperature, and weight. It relies on the three basic units through which anything in the world can be measured.

Meter(m) - It is used for measuring length

Kilogram (kg) - It is used for measuring mass

Second(s) - it is used to measure time.

The metric system of measurement was introduced in the year 1799. Over several years, this system has been lengthened to integrate many units. Although, numerous variants of this system originated in the late 19th and early 20th century. The term metric system is another word for SI or the International systems of India.

### SI Unit Metric System

The standard International System of Units ( SI Units) provides an accurate definition for meter, kilograms, and the seconds. It also describes and states four different additional units such as:

• Candela - Luminous intensity

• Ampere - Electric Current

• Kelvin - Temperature

• Mole - Material Quantity

### Metric Number Prefixes

Metric number prefixes can be used to measure very small or big things. For example- Kilo and Milli.

### Common Metric Conversion Units

Here are some of the common metric conversion units that are based on the Kilogram,  meters and seconds.

Area = Square meters ( area=length x length) Hence, the basic unit of measuring area is metres by metres = m²

Volume = cubic  meters ( Volume=length x length) Hence, the basic unit of measuring volume is m³ ( cubic metres).

Liter = One-thousandth of a cubic  meters ( 1m³ = 1000 liters). Hence, 1 liter= 1/1000 m³

Time = Hour ( 1 hour= 60 mins, 1 minute= 60 seconds) Hence, 1 hour = 60 x 60=3600 seconds

Day = ( 1day = 24 hours) Hence, 1 day = 24 x 60 x60 = 86400 seconds.

## Here are Some Common Metric Units to Remember

 Quantity Name of units Symbol Value Length MillimeterCentimeterMeterKilometer mmcmmkm 10mm   = 1cm100cm  =  1m1000m  =  1km Mass MilligramGramKilogramTonne mggkgt 1000mg = 1g1000g  = 1kg1000kg = 1t Time SecondMinuteHourDay sminhday 60s = 1min60min = 1h24h = 1day Temperature Degree Celsius Volume Cubic millimetersCubic centimetresCubic metres mm³cm³m³ 1 cm³ = 1000m³1m³ = 1,000,000 cm³ Area Square millimetersSquare centimetersSquare metres mm2cm2m2 1 cm2 = 100 mm21 m2 = 10,000 cm21 ha2 = 10,000 m2 Capacity MilliliterLitreKiloliter mllkl 1000 ml = 1 L1000 L  = 1kL

Units mentioned in bold are standard units

### Metric System Conversion

Here, you learn metric system conversion of smaller to bigger units and bigger to smaller units.

The conversion of a smaller unit to a  bigger unit is similar to the conversion method of a bigger unit to a smaller unit. While converting a bigger unit to a smaller unit, ,you move the decimal point to the right side which implies that you multiply the factor but when you convert a smaller unit to a bigger one, you move the decimal point to the left side which implies that you divide the factors.

Solved Example for Metric Conversion of Bigger Unit to the Smaller Unit

1. Convert 10.20  kilograms( bigger unit)  to grams (smaller unit)

Solution: As, we are converting a bigger unit to a smaller unit, we will multiply by the factor and move the decimal point to the right

Accordingly,

10.20 kg x 1000 = 10200 g

Solved Example for Metric Conversion of a Smaller Unit to a Bigger Unit

1. Convert 730 centigrams to grams

Solution: As,we are converting a smaller unit to a bigger unit, we will divide by the factor and move the decimal point to the left side

Accordingly,

730 cg ÷ 100 = 7.30 g

### Metric System Conversion Table

Here is a metric system conversion table which helps you to solve the questions based on metric system conversion

Solved Example

1. Convert 4 Kilometers to meters

Solution: To convert kilometers to meters, we will jump 3 times from kilometers to reach the meters

Accordingly, we will multiply by 10³ = 1000

So, 4km = 4 x 1000= 4000 metres

1. Convert 6250 milligrams to grams

Solution: As we know, one gram is 1000 times larger than a milligram. Accordingly,

1 gram = 1000 mg

And,

1 mg = 1/1000 gms

6250 mg= 6250/1000 gms

Hence, 6250 = 6.250 gms

### Facts

• A metric system of measurement was introduced in the 1790s in France.

• The centimeter gram second or meter kilogram second was primarily used until the establishment of the international system of the unit in 1960.

### Quiz Time

1. What is 0.005 ml?

1. 0.00005 liters

2. 5 liters

3. 50 liters

4. 0.0005 liters

2. 20 gram is similar to

1. 2000 mg

2. 20000 mg

3. 200000 mg

4. 200 mg

3.  A cubic centimeter is used to measure

1. Length

2. Volume

3. Mass

4. Density

4.    Convert 560 mg to g

1. 506 g

2. 0.0056 g

3. 56000 g

4. 0.56 g

5.   Which is a base unit in the metric system?

1. Meter

2. Liter

3. Gram

4. All of the above