Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Which is the path of rays of light when it enters with oblique incidence from water to air?
(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
Total views: 52.5k
Views today: 1.52k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
52.5k+ views
Hint: We know that refraction is the bending of light rays when they travel from one material medium to another. Refraction of light is mainly caused because of the change in speed of the light wave upon crossing a boundary.

Complete answer:
If a ray of light passes across the boundary from a material in which it travels with a fast speed into a material in which it travels at a slower speed, then the light ray will bend towards the normal line.
Similarly when a ray of light passes across the boundary from a material in which its speed is slower compared to a material in which its speed is much faster, then the ray of light will bend away from the normal.

In the question given above it is clear that the ray of light is travelling from a denser medium (in which its speed is much less) into a rarer medium (in which its speed is much more). Thus, the light ray should bend away from the normal line.
When we carefully analyse the figures given in options (A), (B) and (C) we see that all three of them do not fit into our description of bending of a refracted ray of light. Thus, only option (D) displays a ray of light which bends away from the normal while travelling from a denser medium (in which its speed is much less) into a rarer medium (in which its speed is much more).

Thus, (D) is the correct answer to this question.

Note: The tendency of a ray of light to bend one direction or another is dependent upon whether the light wave speeds up or slows down upon crossing the boundary. The speed of a light wave is dependent upon the optical density of the material through which it moves. For this reason, the direction that the path of a light wave bends depends on whether the light wave is traveling from a more dense (slow) medium to a less dense (fast) medium or from a less dense medium to a more dense medium.