Answer

Verified

77.4k+ views

**Hint:**When the voltage is applied between cathode and anode a ray composed of electrons is produced in an X-ray tube. To find the minimum wavelength of the ray, use the concept of the kinetic energy of the electron. we can compare the maximum energy of the electro with that of a photon and can find the minimum wavelength produced in the X-ray tube.

**Complete step by step solution:**

Step 1: The voltage applied is given in kilovolt. First, convert it into volt. Therefore, $V = 18kV = 18 \times {10^3}V$ .

We know that the maximum kinetic energy is given by $K{E_{\max }} = eV$ , where $e$ is the value of the charge of an electron.

Step 2: But the energy required to give speed to an electron is given by $\dfrac{{hc}}{{{\lambda _{\min }}}}$ therefore

$\therefore eV = \dfrac{{hc}}{{{\lambda _{\min }}}}$

$ \Rightarrow {\lambda _{\min }} = \dfrac{{hc}}{{eV}}$, where $h$ is a planck constant. Its value is $6.63 \times {10^{ - 34}}Js$. $e$ is the charge of an electron $1.6 \times {10^{ - 19}}coulombs$. Here $c$ is the speed of light in a vacuum. Its value is $3 \times {10^8}m/s$.

Step 3: put the value in the above formula

$\therefore {\lambda _{\min }} = \dfrac{{6.63 \times {{10}^{ - 34}} \times 3 \times {{10}^8}}}{{1.6 \times {{10}^{ - 19}} \times 18 \times {{10}^3}}}$

Now simplify the above equation and we get

$\therefore {\lambda _{\min }} = 6.88 \times {10^{ - 11}}m$ .

Step 4: The wavelength of the X-rays is very small generally. Therefore we can convert the above result into angstrom by multiplying with ${10^{10}}$ . Therefore,

$\therefore {\lambda _{\min }} = 6.88 \times {10^{ - 11}} \times {10^{10}}A°$

$ \Rightarrow {\lambda _{\min }} = 0.688A°$

**Hence the minimum wavelength of the X-rays will be $0.688A°$.**

**Note:**While solving any numerical problem we should keep all the given values in the same unit system.

Since the energy cannot be destroyed therefore the energy required to make an electron leave the metal is equal to the energy given by a photon. The kinetic energy will be equal to the energy of a photon.

Recently Updated Pages

Name the scale on which the destructive energy of an class 11 physics JEE_Main

Write an article on the need and importance of sports class 10 english JEE_Main

Choose the exact meaning of the given idiomphrase The class 9 english JEE_Main

Choose the one which best expresses the meaning of class 9 english JEE_Main

What does a hydrometer consist of A A cylindrical stem class 9 physics JEE_Main

A motorcyclist of mass m is to negotiate a curve of class 9 physics JEE_Main