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Pressure versus temperature graph of an ideal gas is as shown in figure. Density of the gas at point $A$ is ${\rho _0}$ . Density at point $B$ will be:
(A) $\dfrac{3}{4}{\rho _0}$
(B) $\dfrac{3}{2}{\rho _0}$
(C) $\dfrac{4}{3}{\rho _0}$
(D) $2{\rho _0}$

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint Use the formula of the ideal gas equation, substitute the relation between the volume and the density in it. Solving it provides the value of the density. Find the same for the point $A$ and $B$ by substituting the temperature and the pressure at them.

Useful formul
(1) The formula of the ideal gas equation is given by
$PV = nRT$
Where $P$ is the pressure, $V$ is the volume, $n$ is the number of moles, $R$ is the gas constant and $T$ is the temperature.
(2) The relation between the two volume and the molar mass is given by
$\dfrac{n}{V} = \dfrac{d}{M}$
Where $d$ is the density of the gas and $M$ is the molar mass of the gas.

Complete step by step solution
Observe the diagram and analyze the value of the pressure and the temperature in the point $A$ and $B$ .
Let us write the ideal gas equation,
$PV = nRT$
Bring the volume to the right hand side of the equation, we get
$P = \dfrac{{nRT}}{V}$
Substituting the relation (2) in the above equation, we get
$P = \dfrac{d}{M}RT$
The density of the gas is found as
$d = \dfrac{{PM}}{{RT}}$ ------------(1)
Substituting the value of the temperature and the pressure at a point $A$,
$d = \dfrac{{{P_A}M}}{{R{T_A}}}$
Substituting the values,
${\rho _0} = \dfrac{{{P_0}M}}{{R{T_0}}}$ --------------(2)
Substituting the (1) with the value of the temperature and the pressure at a point $B$ ,
$d = \dfrac{{{P_B}M}}{{R{T_B}}}$
${d_B} = \dfrac{{3{P_0}M}}{{R2{T_0}}} = \dfrac{3}{2}{\rho _0}$ ---------------(3)

Thus the option (B) is correct.

Note Ideal gas equation is also known as the equation of the states, because this equation uses the variables in it to determine or explain about the state of the gas that is considered. This is mainly used to interconvert the volume with the molar mass.