Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Difference Between MCB and MCCB for JEE Main 2024

ffImage
Last updated date: 16th May 2024
Total views: 41.1k
Views today: 0.41k

Explain MCB and MCCB: Introduction

Miniature Circuit Breakers (MCBs) and Molded Case Circuit Breakers (MCCBs) are two common types of circuit breakers used in electrical systems to protect against overcurrents and prevent electrical hazards. While both MCBs and MCCBs serve similar purposes, they differ in several aspects, including their construction, applications, and performance characteristics. In this article, we will explore the dissimilarities between MCBs and MCCBs.

What is MCB and MCCB

Miniature Circuit Breaker is known as MCB. It is an electromechanical switch with ON and OFF capabilities. It automatically functions to turn the circuit OFF whenever there is a fault in it. MCB typically protects a circuit from short circuits. It trips the circuit when it detects an overcurrent in the circuit brought on by a short.


Two contacts make up an MCB, one of which is a moving contact and the other a fixed contact. The moveable contact separates from the fixed contact when the circuit current rises excessively high, opening the circuit and cutting it off from the supply mains. 

To safeguard a circuit from overcurrent, an MCB's main purpose is to provide this protection. Lighting circuits frequently employ MCBs to offer overcurrent and short-circuit protection. The MCBs are available in single-pole, double-pole, and three-pole configurations.


Types of MCB - Miniature Circuit Breaker:

The type of MCB that must be utilized for certain appliances or equipment is determined by the MCB trip curve. The six categories of MCBs are as follows:


  • A Type MCB: When the current reaches two to three times the actual current rating, A Type MCB trips off the circuit. Because A type MCB - Miniature Circuit Breaker - is extremely sensitive to a short circuit, we can use it to make semiconductors.

  • B Type MCB: When the current surpasses 3-5 times the current flow, a B Type MCB switches off the circuit and is used for cable protection.

  • C Type MCB: The C Type MCB is used in home and commercial appliances like transformers, fluorescent lighting circuits, and IT equipment like personal computers, servers, and printers. It trips off the circuit when the current reaches 5 to 10 times the actual current flow.

  • D Type MCB: When the current surpasses 10–20 times the current flow, the D Type MCB switches off the circuit and provides significant resistance. Motors use it in their design.

  • K Type MCB: Heavy-duty load devices including compressors, winding motors, and X-ray machines use K Type MCBs because they can tolerate up to 8–12 times the current flow.


The components of the MCB are listed below:

  1.  Latch

  2.  Solenoid

  3.  Switch

  4.  Plunger

  5.  Incoming Terminal

  6.  Arc Chutes Holder

  7.  Arc Chutes

  8.  Dynamic Contact

  9.  Fixed Contact

  10.  Din Rail Holder

  11.  Outgoing Terminal

  12.  Bi-metallic Strip Carrier

  13.  Bi-metallic Strip


Uses of MCB:

The majority of electrical appliances used for industrial or home applications contain MCBs, which are essential for the safety and effective operation of electric devices. Lights, heaters, and fans are examples of household appliances that necessitate MCBs to continuously monitor and safeguard the connection.


Explain MCCB:

Moulded Case Circuit Breaker is known as MCCB. MCCBs are protective devices that have a thermal, thermomagnetic, or electronic trip circuit type. Protection from overcurrent caused by short circuits, ground faults, under voltages, etc. is offered by MCCBs.


Molded case circuit breakers are frequently used to safeguard loads more than 100 A and motor protection circuits. Single-pole, double-pole, triple-pole, and four-pole versions of the MCCBs are available.


Types of MCCB - Moulded Case Circuit Breaker:

Type B: They operate at a fault current that is three to five times higher than the full load current. It is utilized for household tasks like resistive loads, lighting loads, etc. 

TypeC: Type C breakers are designed specifically for inductive loads including transformers, welding equipment, and electromagnets. With a time delay of 0.04 to 5 seconds, it operates between 5 and 8 times the full load current.

Type D: Suitable for applications requiring a lot of beginning current, such as motors, pumps, lifts, etc. 

Type D: When the current is 8 to 10 times its full load current, Type K begins to function. The type K MCCB has an operating range of 0.04 to 5 seconds. 

Type Z: Type Z MCCBs can handle 1.5 to 3 times the full load current but are extremely sensitive. Electronics load is appropriate for Type Z, whereas high-speed tripping is necessary.


The components of the MCCB are listed below:

  1.  Sculpting Case

  2.  Terminals

  3.  Operating Devices

  4.  Unit Trip

  5.  An arc chamber


MCB and MCCB Difference

S.No

Category

MCB

MCCB

1

Full Form

MCB stands for Miniature Circuit Breaker.

MCCB stands for Molded Case Circuit Breaker.

2

Description

An MCB is an automatic electrical switch created to stop an electric circuit from being damaged by an excessive current.

Another electrical safety device used to guard the high current circuit is an MCCB.

3

Current rating

An MCB can be rated anywhere between 6 A and 125 A at this time.

High current ratings, ranging from 16 A to 1600 A, are typical for MCCBs.

4

Short circuit current rating

4.5 kA, 6 kA, 10 kA, and 15 kA are the typical short-circuit current ratings for MCBs.

The maximum short-circuit current rating for MCCBs is 100 kA.

5

Short circuit time

The short circuit time for an MCB is around 3 ms.

An MCCB's short circuit time is around 9 ms.

6

Interrupting current rating

MCBs can interrupt up to 1800 A of current.

The interrupting current rating of MCCBs, which ranges from around 10 kA to 200 kA, is relatively high.

7

Trip characteristics

An MCB's trip characteristics are typically non-adjustable.

An MCCB may have trip features that are fixed or movable.


Summary

Understanding the difference between evaporation and condensation is crucial in comprehending the water cycle and various natural processes. Evaporation is the transformation of liquid water into vapor due to heat, while condensation is the opposite process, where vapor turns back into liquid form. These phenomena have significant implications on weather patterns, precipitation, and water availability on Earth. Regarding electrical devices, Miniature Circuit Breakers (MCBs) and Molded Case Circuit Breakers (MCCBs) serve different purposes. MCBs are typically used for residential and small-scale applications, providing protection against overcurrents and short circuits. On the other hand, MCCBs are designed for industrial applications, offering higher current-carrying capacity and enhanced protection for larger electrical systems. Understanding these Characteristics of MCB and MCCB helps in choosing the appropriate circuit protection device for specific electrical installations.

FAQs on Difference Between MCB and MCCB for JEE Main 2024

1: What is the main difference between MCB and MCCB?

The main difference between MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker) and MCCB (Molded Case Circuit Breaker) lies in their construction, current ratings, and applications. MCBs are compact, designed for low to medium current ratings, and commonly used in residential and commercial settings.

2: Can an MCB be used in place of an MCCB or vice versa?

Generally, it is not recommended to use an MCB in place of an MCCB or vice versa. MCBs and MCCBs have different current ratings and breaking capacities, which are matched to the specific electrical load requirements.

3: What are the typical current ratings for MCBs and MCCBs?

MCBs are typically available in current ratings up to 100 amperes. MCCBs, on the other hand, are designed for higher current ratings, ranging from a few tens of amperes to several thousand amperes.

4: What are the tripping characteristics in MCBs and MCCBs?

Both MCBs and MCCBs have tripping characteristics that determine their response to overcurrents. MCBs are available with different types of tripping characteristics, such as Type B, Type C, and Type D, which offer varying levels of sensitivity to different levels of overcurrents.

5: Can MCBs and MCCBs be selectively coordinated in electrical systems?

Yes, both MCBs and MCCBs can be selectively coordinated in electrical systems. Selective coordination ensures that only the faulty circuit is interrupted during an overload or short circuit, minimizing the disruption to the rest of the electrical system.