Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Is current density a scalar of vector quantity?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
Total views: 35.7k
Views today: 0.35k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
35.7k+ views
Hint: Firstly we try to recall concepts of scalar and vector quantity, scalar quantity has only magnitude and vector quantity has magnitude and direction both. Now think that does current density have the only magnitude or has direction also.
Before thinking about the question we will understand the concepts of vector and scalar quantity.

Complete Step By Step Answer
Vector quantity: A quantity that has magnitude, as well as direction is known as vector quantity but it doesn’t have a position, it is represented by an arrow. Some examples of vector quantity are velocity and force.
Scalar quantity: A quantity that has only magnitude, no direction is known as a scalar quantity. Some examples of scalar quantity are mass and speed.
Now, firstly we know what is current and current density.
Current: Current is produced when electric charge flows in a direction. Its unit is$Ampere$. The current is a scalar quantity.
Current density: The amount of current flowing in per unit area is known as the current density. It is the ratio of the amount of current flowing and the area of current flowing, the current density is represented as $J$ and its unit is $Ampere/{m^2}$.
Current density is a vector quantity because it’s a product of charge density and velocity, here charge density is a scalar quantity and velocity is a vector quantity, which makes current density also a vector quantity.

Note: Point to be note is, we should never think that unit of current density is $Ampere/{m^2}$, here $Ampere$ is the unit of current and ${m^2}$ is the unit of area, current and area both are scalar quantities then the current density will also be a scalar quantity.