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Consider the following two reactions:
i. Propene +${{H}_{2}}$→ Propane, $\Delta {{H}_{1}}$
ii. Cyclo-propane +${{H}_{2}}$→ Propane: $\Delta {{H}_{2}}$
Then, ΔH2−ΔH1 will be:
(A) 0
(B) $2{{(B.E)}_{C-C}}-{{(B.E)}_{C=C}}$
(C) ${{(B.E)}_{C=C}}$
(D) $2{{(B.E)}_{C=C}}-{{(B.E)}_{C-C}}$

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: First write down the reactions and their enthalpies in terms of bond energy. The energy for each type of bond is different, like B.E. for C-C, B.E. for C-H and B.E. for C=C will be different from each other but all C-H bonds will have the same bond energies. So, for each compound count the number of bonds for each type and write their enthalpies. Now subtract the enthalpies of both the reactions.

Complete step by step solution:
So, first of all, we have to write a reaction. And from that, we will find the number of bonds of different bond energy. The reaction of hydrogenation of propene and hydrogen is as follows.

The above reaction is the hydrogenation of propene into propane. Now we will write enthalpy in terms of bond energy.
\[\begin{align}
& \Delta {{H}_{1}}=\sum{(B.E}{{)}_{reac\tan ts}}-\sum{(B.E}{{)}_{products}} \\
& \Delta {{H}_{1}}=6{{(B.E)}_{C-H}}+{{(B.E)}_{C-C}}+{{(B.E)}_{C=C}}+{{(B.E)}_{H-H}} \\
& \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,-8{{(B.E)}_{C-H}}-2{{(B.E)}_{C-C}} \\
\end{align}\]
From the above equation we can say that, 6 denotes the number of hydrogen single bonds, whereas, in propene there is one single C-C bond and one carbon double bond. Whereas, on the product side, we have eight carbon hydrogen single bonds and two carbon-carbon single bonds. Now, we will further simplify the above equation.
\[\,\,\Delta {{H}_{1}}\,\,\,={{(B.E)}_{C=C}}+{{(B.E)}_{H-H}}-{{(B.E)}_{C-H}}-{{(B.E)}_{C-C}}\]
So, the above equation represents the enthalpy of reaction in terms of bond energy.
Now, in the same way, we will write the equation of cyclo-propane.


The above figure represents the hydrogenation of cyclopropane into propane.
\[\begin{align}
& \Delta {{H}_{2}}=\sum{(B.E}{{)}_{reac\tan ts}}-\sum{(B.E}{{)}_{products}} \\
& \Delta {{H}_{2}}={{(B.E)}_{C-C}}-{{(B.E)}_{C-H}}+{{(B.E)}_{H-H}} \\
\end{align}\]
This above equation represents hydrogenation of cyclopropane.
Now, we should calculate the difference in enthalpy in terms of bond energy.
\[\Delta {{H}_{2}}-\,\Delta {{H}_{1}}\,={{(B.E)}_{C-C}}-{{(B.E)}_{C-H}}+{{(B.E)}_{H-H}}-{{(B.E)}_{C=C}}+{{(B.E)}_{H-H}}-{{(B.E)}_{C-H}}-(B.E)\]
\[\Delta {{H}_{2}}-\,\Delta {{H}_{1}}=2{{(B.E)}_{C-C}}-{{(B.E)}_{C=C}}\]

Now, we can say that option B is the correct answer.

Note: We should now know about bond energy. We should know that bond energy (E) is defined as the amount of energy, which is required to break apart a mole of molecules into its component atoms. It is a measure of the strength of a chemical bond. Bond energy is also known as bond enthalpy (H) or simply as bond strength.