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JEE Main - D and F Block Elements Notes (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Access Now and Score More: JEE Main - D and F Block Elements Notes with Important Topics

Prepare to achieve your goals in JEE Main 2025 using D and F Block Elements Notes that concentrate on important topics. These notes hold the secret to securing top scores in JEE Main exams. They are created by master teachers from Vedantu who understand your requirements. These notes present a condensed version of D and F Block Elements and encompass all the necessary information for the test.The best part? You can get it as a FREE PDF download. The teachers put in dedicated efforts to ensure the notes align perfectly with the JEE Main syllabus.


JEE Main Revision Notes


Text, Images, Videos and PDF


JEE Main

Chapter Name:

D and F Block Elements

Academic Session:



English Medium



Available Material:

Chapter-wise Notes with PDF

D and F Block Elements covers chemical elements with unique properties which are Found in the middle of the periodic table, they offer a range of valence states and exhibit diverse coordination chemistry, and they are some of the important topics for JEE Main exams. Check out the table below for more information. 

Year Wise Weightage of Questions: JEE Main D and F Block Elements

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Average No. Of MCQs Asked

Marks per Question

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To achieve your goals, prepare for your JEE Main exam 2025 with Vedantu’s D and F Block Elements Notes PDF and JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2025.

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Competitive Exams after 12th Science

A: Focus Areas from D and F Block Elements for JEE Main 2025

In the D and F Block Elements, certain topics can boost your JEE Main 2025 scores. Knowing these topics will make your preparation and focus for the exam easier. You can find the list of significant subjects from D and F Block Elements below. Dive into the main ideas, basic theories, and important formulas that shape your success in D and F Block Elements for JEE Main 2025.

  • Transition metal properties

  • Electronic configuration and stability

  • Magnetic properties

  • Color and optical properties

  • Coordination compounds

  • Lanthanides and actinides

  • Catalysis and industrial applications

  • Organometallic compounds

  • Bioinorganic chemistry

  • Oxidation states and reactivity

B: Easy Access to JEE Main D and F Block Elements Notes: Chapter-wise Links for 20254

Easily enhance your JEE Main Chemistry preparation for 2025 with our chapter-wise notes. Get the links from the table below:

C: Why D and F Block Elements Notes are Important in JEE Main Preparation? 

D-block elements, also known as transition metals, exhibit variable oxidation states due to the presence of partly filled d-orbitals. They often form colorful compounds and act as effective catalysts. F-block elements, including lanthanides and actinides, are known for their unique f-orbitals, contributing to their characteristic properties, like lanthanide contraction and radioactive behavior.

This chapter holds a significant importance of about 2.8% in the JEE Main. Expect direct questions from this part, making it a scoring section. Let's explore why this chapter holds such importance:


  • Step into the captivating world of D and F Block Elements – a chapter that unveils the enchanting realm of transition metals.

  • These elements, nestled in the middle of the periodic table, hold intriguing properties that set them apart from the rest.

Magnetic Personalities:

  • Imagine elements that can be like chameleons, changing their magnetic behavior at your command. Transition metals possess this unique quality.

  • You'll be amazed as you delve into the world of ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism, and paramagnetism – it's like discovering a new dimension of science.

Colorful Chemistry:

  • Prepare to be dazzled by the vibrant hues transition metals bring to the table. From the deep blue of copper sulfate to the intense green of chromium compounds, these elements are like artists painting the periodic table.

  • Unravel the science behind these vivid colors and how they relate to electron transitions.

Chemical Reactivity Beyond the Ordinary:

  • Transition metals are known for their versatile reactivity, capable of exhibiting various oxidation states. It's like they have a secret toolkit for forming a range of compounds.

  • Explore the intricacies of these oxidation states and discover the key role these elements play in catalyzing reactions.

Lab Adventures:

  • Put on your lab coat and goggles – it's time for hands-on exploration. Conduct experiments that showcase the uniqueness of transition metals, from testing their ability to act as catalysts to observing their captivating color changes.

Practical Applications:

  • Transition metals are real-life superheroes. They're essential in industries like electronics, catalysis, and medicine.

  • Delve into their applications – from the role of iron in transporting oxygen to the impressive use of platinum in catalytic converters.

Cracking the Crystal Ball:

  • Predict the behavior of these elements using trends and patterns in their properties.

  • It's like peering into a crystal ball and foretelling their properties based on their position in the periodic table.

Interactive Quizzes and Puzzles:

  • Test your knowledge with interactive quizzes that make learning engaging and fun.

  • Solve puzzles that challenge your understanding of transition metals and showcase their fascinating properties.

Dive into the captivating world of D and F Block Elements – where mystery meets science, colors dance, and elements transform in ways that will keep you spellbound.

JEE Main 2025 D and F Block Elements: Notes vs Formulas

JEE Main formulas are like the building blocks of success in the exam, and when combined with well-structured revision notes, they become an indispensable tool for comprehensive understanding. As you revise your JEE Main notes, incorporate the associated formulas. Understand the 'why' behind the formula by referring to the notes, then apply it to practice problems. This integration sharpens your understanding, reinforces memory, and develops problem-solving skills—critical aspects of excelling in JEE Main 2025. Download the Important JEE Main Chemistry Formula PDF for free from Vedantu’s website and score more in your JEE Main 2025 Examinations.

E: Wider Learning: More Links to Enhance JEE Main 2025 D and F Block Elements

These additional materials will lift your readiness for JEE Main 2025 D and F Block Elements. These links offer more learning topics than the basics. They're like steps to deeper learning. As you dive into these extra links, you'll uncover more about the chapter. This extra knowledge can help you solve harder problems and face tough questions. These links are like secret tools to make you feel more confident and do great in your exam. Explore the links in the chart below to enhance your JEE Main 2025 D and F Block Elements preparation to a higher level.

F: Achieve Success through Vedantu’s JEE Main Notes

As you aim for success in your exams, rely on Vedantu's D and F Block Elements JEE Main Notes. We stand out with our special way of teaching that combines expert help and easy-to-use materials. Our detailed revision notes make tough ideas easy, making your preparation better. And guess what? You can get these helpful resources as FREE PDFs. Count on Vedantu to support you as you work towards excelling in your exams. Improve your learning, make studying easier, and achieve success with Vedantu.

FAQs on JEE Main - D and F Block Elements Notes (Free PDF Download)

1. What are the most important topics included in D and F Block Elements Notes for JEE Main 2025?

The following crucial subjects are covered inThe D and F Block Elements Notes for JEE Main 2025:

  • Electronic Configuration and Aufbau Principle

  • Magnetic Properties and Spin-Only Formula

  • Complex Formation and Ligand Field Theory

  • Color and Spectrochemical Series

  • Oxidation States and Variable Valency

  • Transition Metal Coordination Compounds

  • Lanthanides and Actinides: Properties and Trends

  • Magnetic Behavior of Lanthanides

  • Uranium and its Radioactive Decay Series

  • Catalytic Properties of Transition Metals

2. What is the weightage of D and F Block Elements Notes for JEE Main 2025?

The weightage of the D and F Block Elements chapter in JEE Main 2025 is around 8.33%. This means that there are typically 2 questions asked from this chapter.

3. Which is the easiestTopic of JEE Main 2025 D and F Block Elements Notes?

The easiest topic in JEE Main D and F Block Elements Notes is often considered to be ‘Properties and Uses of Transition Elements and Inner Transition Elements.’ This topic focuses on the general characteristics and practical applications of these elements, making it relatively straightforward for students to grasp and understand.

4. What are the D and F Block Elements in the context of JEE Main 2025?

In the context of JEE Main, the D and F Block Elements refer to transition metals and inner transition metals, respectively. These elements are an essential part of the periodic table and hold significance in various chemical reactions and properties. Understanding their characteristics is crucial for chemistry-related questions in the JEE Main examination.

5. How can I apply the D and F Block ElementsTo solve JEE Main problems?

To effectively solve JEE Main problems related to D and F block elements:

  • Grasp key characteristics like electron configurations, oxidation states, and magnetic properties.

  • Analyze trends in properties across the periodic table.

  • Learn coordination chemistry principles and ligand interactions.

  • Comprehend redox reactions involving transition metals.

  • Solve diverse problems to enhance application skills.

  • Understand reaction mechanisms and stereochemistry.

  • Solve past papers for exam-level practice.

  • Focus on fundamental concepts for problem-solving efficiency.

6. Are there any common mistakes students make in D and F Block Elements problems?

Common mistakes students make in D and F Block Elements problems include incorrect assignment of oxidation states, confusion in electronic configurations, neglecting the involvement of inner orbitals, and misinterpreting trends in properties. Additionally, overlooking exceptions in the filling order and misunderstanding magnetic properties can lead to errors in these complex topics of chemistry.

7. Are there any online resources for additional practice with the D and F Block Elements for JEE Main 2025?

Vedantu websites offer practice problems, quizzes, and video tutorials on the D and F Block Elements. These resources can help reinforce your understanding and problem-solving abilities.

8. How can I make my own JEE Main D and F Block Elements notes?

Here are some tips on how to make your own JEE Main Laws of Motion notes:

  • Start by reading your textbook or a good online resource on the Laws of Motion.

  • Take notes on the important concepts and formulas.

  • Organize your notes in a way that makes sense to you.

  • Add diagrams and illustrations to help you understand the concepts.

  • Practice solving problems from your notes.