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$300\;{\rm{J}}$ of work is done in sliding a $2\;{\rm{kg}}$ block up an inclined plane of height $10\;{\rm{m}}$. Work done against friction is (Take $g = 10\;{\rm{m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}$)
(a) $1000\;{\rm{J}}$
 (b) $200\;{\rm{J}}$
(c) $100\;{\rm{J}}$
(d) zero

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The above problem is based on the work done under the effect of friction. The work done depends on the change in the position and direction of the force applied on the object. The loss of work occurs due to the presence of the friction.

Complete step by step answer
Given: The work done to slide the block is $W = 300\;{\rm{J}}$, mass of the block is $m = 2\;{\rm{kg}}$, height of the is $h = 10\;{\rm{m}}$, gravitational acceleration is $g = 10\;{\rm{m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}$.
The formula to calculate the work done to raise the block on the inclined plane is given as:
${W_1} = mgh$
Substitute $2\;{\rm{kg}}$for m, $10\;{\rm{m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}$for g and $10\;{\rm{m}}$for h in the above formula to find the work done to raise the block on the inclined plane.
${W_1} = \left( {2\;{\rm{kg}}} \right)\left( {10\;{\rm{m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}} \right)\left( {10\;{\rm{m}}} \right)$
${W_1} = 200\;{\rm{J}}$
The formula to calculate the work done against friction is given as:
${W_f} = W - {W_1}$
Substitute $300\;{\rm{J}}$for $W$ and $200\;{\rm{J}}$for ${W_1}$ in the above expression to find the work done against friction.
${W_f} = 300\;{\rm{J}} - 200\;{\rm{J}}$
${W_f} = 100\;{\rm{J}}$

Thus, the work done against friction by the block is $100\;{\rm{J}}$ and the option (c) is the correct answer.

Additional Information: The work done by the object is divided into two types. First one is the work done by the conservative force and second one is the non-conservative force. The total mechanical energy of the system remains conserved if conservative forces are involved in the system. The change in the total energy remains conserved if non- conservative forces are involved in the system.

Note: The work done by the object is equal to the work done by the object against gravity and work done by the object against the friction. The work done by the object also equals the change in the kinetic energy of the object.