Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

ICSE Class 10 Physics Revision Notes Chapter 5 - Refraction through Lens

Last updated date: 04th Aug 2024
Total views: 663k
Views today: 18.63k

Free PDF download of Class 10 Physics Chapter 5 - Refraction through Lens Revision Notes & Short Key-notes

Free PDF download of Class 10 Physics Chapter 5 - Refraction through Lens Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Physics teachers as per ICSE guidelines. To register Physics Tuitions on Vedantu to clear your doubts.

Competitive Exams after 12th Science

Atmospheric Refraction

Atmospheric Refraction In the same atmosphere we've air layers having different optic consistency. The refraction of sunshine caused by the earth’s atmosphere ( having air layers of varying optic consistency) is named atmospheric refraction.

Twinkling of stars

The apparent position of a star is slightly different from the factual position due to the refraction of starlight by the atmosphere.

When the sunshine coming from a star enters the earth’s atmosphere, it undergoes refraction or bending thanks to the varying optic consistency of air at a colourful mound which ends up in the change of the position.

The atmosphere is consistently evolving as it's affected by turbulent winds and varying temperatures due to which the optic consistency of air at different situations in the atmosphere keeps on changing.

The constantly evolving atmosphere refracts the sunshine from the celebs by different quantities from one moment to the approaching.

The pace of starlight reaching our eyes increases and reduces continuously because it travels from one medium to another while passing through the atmosphere. Due to the atmospheric refractions, the star appears to twinkle in the dark.

At Vedantu, you can find free revision notes for Class 10 Chapter 5 to help students ace their exams.

FAQs on ICSE Class 10 Physics Revision Notes Chapter 5 - Refraction through Lens

1. What is a Convex lens?

Convex lenses cause light shafts to meet. It's possible to construct a lens in which all of the resemblant incident shafts cross at a single point. Then it's clear that the incident shafts must diverge further explosively the farther from the axis of the lens, and this increased divagation must do gradationally rather than suddenly as in the crude lens. That is, the shells of the lens must easily curve from the centre toward the edge of the lens. This is fulfilled virtually by making globular lenses in which the two twisted shells subtend a solid angle of a sphere. These globular lenses refract resemblant incident light so that, for practical purposes, they cross at a single point. This single point is called the focal point. However, also the lens may be considered to be a “ thin lens”If the diameters of the curve of the two shells are large compared to the consistency of the lens.

2. What is a Concave lens?

A hollow lens is a lens that possesses at least one face that curves inwards. It's a diverging lens, meaning that it spreads out light shafts that have been refracted through it. A hollow lens is thinner at its centre than at its edges and is used to correct short-sightedness ( diplopia). The jottings of Pliny the Elder (23 – 79) makes a citation of what's arguably the foremost use of a corrective lens. According to Pliny, Emperor Nero was said to watch confrontational games using an emerald, presumably concave shaped to correct for diplopia.

After light shafts have passed through the lens, they appear to come from a point called the top focus. This is the point onto which the collimated light that moves resemblant to the axis of the lens is concentrated. The image formed by a hollow lens is virtual, meaning that it'll appear to be further down than it actually is, and thus lower than the object itself. Twisted glasses frequently have this effect, which is why numerous ( especially on buses) come with a warning Objects in glass are nearer than they appear. The image will also be upright, meaning not reversed, as some twisted reflective shells and lenses have been known to do.

3. What is Low-chromatic aberration glass?

Lens dissipation causes polychromatic aberration. The refractive indicator of the lens rudiments changes depending on the wavelength of light. In other words, different colours of light pass through a lens at different pets, analogous to how a prism separates white light into a rainbow. The refractive indicator of utmost transparent accoutrements, similar to the glass in lenses, decreases with adding wavelength. Since the focal length of a lens depends on the refractive indicator, the refractive indicator variation affects fastening.

Glass lenses bend light shafts, and blue shafts bend further than red shafts. With a simple lens, red light focuses on a green light, and blue light focuses in front of green light.

Contrivers have corrected for CA in numerous lenses, so they concentrate each wavelength at the same point, giving a high degree of color delicacy and enrollment. Polychromatic rarities still do for briskly lenses and landing high discrepancy areas, similar to a dark subject set against a bright background. A multicoloured haze — generally grandiloquent, but occasionally red, blue, cyan, and green — appears on a subject’s edges, dwindling clarity and sharpness.

4. What are the types of Chromatic Aberration?

A perfect lens would concentrate all wavelengths into a single focal point, where the stylish focus with the “ circle of least confusion” is located. In reality, the refractive indicator for each wavelength is different in lenses. This generates two types of polychromatic aberration that have different characteristics but may do together.

Longitudinal Polychromatic Aberration. “ LoCA,” “ axial polychromatic aberration,” or “ bokeh fringing” occurs when each different wavelength of color focuses at a special distance from the lens ( focus shift) and they don't meet at the same point after passing through a lens. With LoCA, color fringing is visible around subjects throughout the entire image, in the center as well as on the edges. Longitudinal aberration is typical at long focal lengths. Generally, fast orifice high lenses — indeed high-end, precious bones — are much more prone to LoCA than slower lenses.

Side Polychromatic Aberration. Also known as “ transverse polychromatic aberration” or “ TCA,” side polychromatic aberration occurs when different wavelengths of color focus on the same airplane but at different points, due to the angle of light entering the lens and the exaggeration and/ or deformation of the lens varies with wavelength. Unlike with LoCA, side polychromatic rarities are visible only at the edges of the frame, not in the center. Side aberration is typical at short focal lengths. It's utmost apparent in nonsymmetrical lenses like blow up and reversed blowup lenses.

Vedantu can be referred to access free solutions chapter wise for all the subjects. Make the most of it and Excel.