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ICSE Class 10 Physics Revision Notes

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Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Revision Notes for ICSE Class 10 Physics - Free PDF Solutions

Free PDF download of ICSE Class 10 Physics revision notes and short key-notes to score more marks in your exams, prepared by our expert Physics teachers as per ICSE guidelines. To register for our free webinar class with the best Physics tutor in India.

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ICSE Class 10 Physics Consists of 12 Chapters

  • Chapter 1: Force

  • Chapter 2: Work, Energy and Power

  • Chapter 3: Machines

  • Chapter 4: Refraction of Light At Plane Surfaces

  • Chapter 5: Refraction Through Lens

  • Chapter 6: Spectrum

  • Chapter 7: Sound

  • Chapter 8: Current Electricity

  • Chapter 9: Electrical Power and Household Circuits

  • Chapter 10: Electro-Magnetism

  • Chapter 11: Calorimetry

  • Chapter 12: Radioactivity

Introduction to All the Chapters

Chapter 1: Force

  • In this chapter, students have to study Force which is defined as a physical cause that brings about the change in the state of the body. It either brings it to be stationary(at rest) or pushes it to be in motion.

  • Students will learn what effects force causes on the body, S.I Unit of force, C.G.S and M.K.S Metric system, Frictional force, Equilibrium, etc.

  • It’s stated that the force of friction is of 3 types; Static friction, Kinetic friction and Rolling friction. There are many types of forces defined in this chapter.

  • Students will learn about a new term called Equilibrium and its types.

Chapter 2: Work, Energy And Power

In This chapter, We See What is Work, Energy and Power.

  • When a force applied to an object results in its displacement, work is said to be done.

  • The amount of work done in a particular period (Substantially, 1 second) is known as Power.

  • The amount of work that can be done by a body is called Energy. A very important topic is also explained in this chapter which is Law of conservation of energy. 

  • Students will learn what each of the terms is; Scalar or vector, what is kinetic energy, what is the relationship between Kinetic energy and momentum and so on.

Chapter 3: Machines

  • In this chapter, students will learn about machines and their functions. A machine is a physical system that transmits or modifies force. 

  • Students will get familiar with terms like Load, Effort, Mechanical Advantage, Velocity Advantage, Efficiency, Lever, Pulley, Gears, Gain in speed and gain in torque.

  • You will study about relations between these terms, the Principle of a lever, different classes of a lever, different types of pulleys and their formulas.

Chapter 4: Refraction of Light At Plane Surface

  • In this chapter, students will study the Laws of Refraction. What Refraction depends on and how it is defined.

  • You will study the Principle of Reversibility of Light, Lateral displacement, Prism, Refractive index, Reflection, Total Internal Reflection and so on.

Chapter 5: Refraction Through Lens

  • Here you will learn about lenses, Types of Lenses (Convex and concave), Principal focus, Focal length, Centre of curvature etc.

  • Students will get to know how images are formed and how many types of images exist. In addition to that, they will understand the position, size as well as nature of images formed.

Chapter 6: Spectrum

  • In this chapter, students will learn about Spectrum which has 7 colours in increasing order concerning their frequencies: Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet, (VIBGYOR)

  • They will learn about interesting topics such as Light, Dispersion, Different types of radiations and their properties and the fantastic Electromagnetic Spectrum.

Chapter 7: Sound

  • How is the sound produced? How is the sound different from an Echo? What are the conditions in which echo forms? What are its uses?

  • Many terms like Pitch, Loudness, Vibrations, Oscillations of string, Quality of Timbre will also be explained here.

Chapter 8: Current Electricity

  • Students will learn about Electric current, its SI Unit, Charge, Potential, Potential Difference, different types of Bridges.

  • A very important topic in physics is also taught in this chapter which is Ohm's Law. Here, students will learn about Resistance, Conductance, Voltage and their relation with each other.

Chapter 9: Electrical Power and Household Circuits

  • This chapter teaches students about the daily appliances that we use at our homes for our convenience which convert heat energy into mechanical energy. (Eg, Geyser, Toaster, Bulb etc.)

  • Students will learn how to calculate household consumption of electrical energy, Current, Power and soon.

Chapter 10: Electromagnetism

  • This chapter explains how a magnetic field is produced, mentioning Hans Oersted who defined it. 

  • We will know about the Right-Hand Thumb Rule, Maxwell’s Corkscrew rule, Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule, Solenoid, Electromagnet and its properties, Transformer and its types.

Chapter 11: Calorimetry

  • Here students learn a comprehensive meaning of Heat, heat capacity, Principle of Calorimetry, Freezing point, Melting point, Vaporization etc.

  • An extremely important topic is covered in this chapter: The greenhouse effect. How and why is Global Warming caused? What steps should be taken to change it?

Chapter 12: Radioactivity

  • In this chapter, students learn about Atom, Nucleus and their components (Proton, Neutron, Electron), Radiation, Cathode Ray tube and their applications, Radioactivity and its particles- Alpha particles, Beta particles, Gamma radiations and their properties.

FAQs on ICSE Class 10 Physics Revision Notes

1. Why is it important to revise class 10 physics notes regularly?

Class 10 final examination is a very important exam for each student as the marks obtained in this particular exam will help them get admissions into their choice of stream for higher education. Many candidates find it difficult to solve physics as it includes several numerical solutions and formulas. Therefore candidates are advised to revise their class 10 Physics notes regularly to gain thorough knowledge about the topic. At vedantu we provide free PDF downloads of all the class notes and NCERT solutions. Students can visit the official vedantu site and start their preparation for the class 10 final exam.

2. Can I download class 10 physics NCERT solutions from vedantu?

Yes you can download the class 10 NCERT physics solutions by signing into the Vedantu’s website. These solutions are solved by our expert teachers in a very easy and step by step method we have also added class 10 Physics notes on this site. Regular solving of these solutions will help the students to secure better marks.

3. What are the topics included in NCERT class 10 physics textbook?

The class 10 NCERT physics textbook consist of the following 8 chapters:

  • Chapter 1 - Physical World.

  • Chapter 2 - Units and Measurements.

  • Chapter 3 -  Motion in a Straight Line.

  • Chapter 4 - Motion in a Plane.

  • Chapter 5 - Laws of Motion.

  • Chapter 6 - Work, Energy and Power.

  • Chapter 7 - System of Particles and Rotational Motion.

  • Chapter 8 - Gravitation.

The textbook also provides several examples and practice questions after each chapters for the better understanding of the students.

4. Is Ncert textbook helpful for JEE exam?

Yes, NCERT solutions and textbooks are very much important for improving your JEE Physics scores. Ever year many questions are asked in the JEE examination from the NCERT textbook. Therefore candidates are advised solve the NCERT textbook properly along with the previous year question papers to get an idea about pattern of examination and marking scheme.

5. Where Can I Find Resources For Class 10 ICSE Board Physics?

You can get all the detailed useful material regarding the Class 10 ICSE Board on Vedantu App or Website. They have Revision notes which are very concise and to the point, Summary, Sample papers and their solutions and the ICSE Board syllabus. On top of that, all the study material that you get here is free. You just need to Register your account and with a simple click, the material is sent to you.

6. Why Should I Make Revision Notes? What Is My Benefit?

When you make your notes and you religiously go through it every week or so, you will see that after a few revisions, you wouldn't even have to look at your book again. The first three revisions that took you an hour and a half to complete will now on your 6th revision be of only 30 minutes. When you make your handwritten notes, you read a lengthy topic and then interpret it into a brief form using pointers. So next time, when you need to go through a topic, you will only have to read your concise but thorough notes.

7. Which Books Should I Refer To For My Preparation?

You should refer to SELINA Books for your ICSE Board preparation. Students and teachers themselves recommend these books. When you read these books, you will know that all of the information is provided in an outstanding concise manner. Students will not have to search for any other book, these are more than enough. These books present the information to students in a comprehensive text. They help you not only in your board exam preparation but also in competitive exams.

8. How Do I Better Myself At Physics?

Practice. We have time and again heard a quote that says, “Practice makes perfect.” and it’s the absolute truth when we talk about physics and math. When you, again and again, solve something, you automatically start interpreting it and, slowly but steadily, it starts imbibing in your brain. Now, in 5 days, if you pick the notes up again, you will already feel like you remember most of them. But, in contrast to that- If you go for 30 days without even looking at those notes, you will see that you have forgotten most of it. Why does this happen? It's because our brain works in a pattern. The more you practise, the better you get.

9. How Do I Not Feel Dejected When I Score Low Marks?

When you score low marks, do not make that your weakness. Try to use it as your strength. Instead of focusing on the negative and wasting time, put that energy into good use and understand what went wrong. Analyze your paper and mark where you made silly mistakes and where you made conceptual mistakes. Be true to yourself and clear your doubts regularly. Take it as a lesson and feel motivated to do even better. Students can download free study material for free on Vedantu site and mobile app.