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ICSE Class 10 Physics Revision Notes Chapter 1 - Force

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Last updated date: 25th Feb 2024
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Revision Notes for ICSE Class 10 Physics Chapter 1 - Free PDF Download

Free PDF download of Class 10 Physics Chapter 1 - Force Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Physics teachers as per CISCE guidelines. To register Physics Tuitions on Vedantu to clear your doubts.

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About the Chapter

Physics is a natural science grounded on trials, measures and fine analysis with the purpose of changing quantitative physical laws for everything from the nanoworld of the microcosmos to the globes, solar systems and worlds that enthrall the macro cosmos. 

The laws of nature can be used to predict the behavior of the world and all kinds of machinery. Numerous of the everyday technological inventions that we now take for granted are redounded from discoveries in physics. The introductory laws in physics are universal, but physics in our time is such a vast field that numerous subfields are nearly regarded as separate sciences.

The early Greeks established the first quantitative physical laws, similar to Archimedes' descriptions of the principle of regulators and the buoyancy of bodies in the water. But they didn't actually conduct trials, and drugs as wisdom stagnated for numerous centuries. By the 17th century, still, Galileo Galilei and latterly Issac Newton helped to innovate the use of mathematics as an abecedarian tool in physics, which led to advances in describing the stir of heavenly bodies, the laws of graveness and the three laws of a stir. 

The laws of electricity, captivation and electromechanical swells were developed in the 1800s by Faraday and Maxwell, in particular, while numerous others contributed to our understanding of optics and thermodynamics. 

FAQs on ICSE Class 10 Physics Revision Notes Chapter 1 - Force

1. What's CISCE?

CISCE or also known as the ICSE Board was proposed by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to replace the Cambridge School Certificate Examination. In December 1967, this Council was registered as a Society under the Societies Registration Act. 1860. In 1973, this Council was listed in the Delhi School Education Act, 1973, as a body conducting public examinations. The ICSE board doesn’t define books by any particular author. Scholars generally relate to Selina handbooks and Frank handbooks for studying.

2. Are these crucial notes for the Class 10 examination? 

Yes, its notes are prepared by the expert preceptors who constantly streamlined themselves with the guidelines issued from the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE). These notes are lengthy and are of high-quality keeping in mind the pattern of the examination paper. Scholars can use these notes for better medication and to grasp the conception completely and enhance their understanding of the crucial motifs which hold value ( knowledge) to make sense of the subject in a meaningful way. 

3. What is Newton’s First Law?

Newton’s first law says that if a body is at rest or moving at a constant speed in a straight line, it'll remain at rest or keep moving in a straight line at constant speed unless it's acted upon by a force. In fact, in classical Newtonian mechanics, there's no important distinction between rest and invariant stir in a straight line; they may be regarded as the same state of stir seen by different spectators, one moving at the same haste as the flyspeck and the other moving at constant haste concerning the flyspeck.


This hypothetical is known as the law of indolence.

4. State Newton’s Third Law.

Newton’s third law says that when two bodies interact, they apply forces to one another that are equal in magnitude and contrary in direction. The third law is also called the law of action and response. This law is important in assaying problems of static equilibrium, where all forces are balanced, but it also applies to bodies in livery or accelerated stir. The forces it describes are real bones, not bare secretary bias.


For illustration, a book resting on a table applies a downcast force same to its weight on the table. Following the third law, the table applies a same and contrary force to the book. This force appears because the weight of the book causes the table to distort slightly so that it pushes back on the book like a coiled spring. 

5. What is Newton’s Second Law (F = ma )?

Newton’s alternate law is a quantitative description of the changes that a force can produce on the stir of the body. It says that the time rate of change of the instigation of a body is equal in both magnitude and direction to the force assessed on it. The instigation of a body is equal to the product of its mass and its haste. Instigation, like haste, is a vector volume, having both the magnitude and direction. A force applied to a body can convert the magnitude of the instigation or its direction or both. 


Newton’s alternate law is one of the most significant ones in all of physics. For a body whose mass m is constant, it can be expressed in words in the form F=ma, where F (force) and an (acceleration) are both vector quantities. However, it's accelerated in agreement with the equation, If a body has a net force acting on it. Again, if a body isn't accelerated, there's no net force acting on it. 

6. State Gravitation Law and its Importance.

Newton's law of solemnity, statement that any flyspeck of matter in the macrocosm attracts any other with a force varying directly as the product of the millions and equally as the forecourt of the distance between them. 


Significance of universal law of solemnity. The gravitational force of the magnet of the earth binds all terrestrial objects to the Earth. It explains the seductive force between any two objects which have mass. It explicates the force that binds us to the Earth. The stir of the moon around the Earth.


Here is a list of chapters in ICSE Class 10 Physics :

  • Chapter 1- Force 

  • Chapter 2- Work, Energy and Power

  • Chapter 3- Machines 

  • Chapter 4- The Refraction of Light at Plane Surfaces

  • Chapter 5- Refraction through a Lens

  • Chapter 6- Spectrum

  • Chapter 7- Sound 

  • Chapter 8- Current Electricity 

  • Chapter 9- Electrical Power and Households Circuits 

  • Chapter 10- Electro-Magnetism

  • Chapter 11- Calorimetry

  • Chapter 12- Radioactivity