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Khadar Definition

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Khadir or Khadar are the low-lying areas, also called Nali or Naili. Khadar areas are vulnerable to floods and often have parts of former river beds that were made available for cultivation when the course of a river changes. It is sticky and retentive with moisture when wet.

Khadir formation is composed of fresh alluvial soil that is comparatively higher in the river's new silt content, is topped up with every flood cycle, as well as being very fertile.

In northern Haryana, that is the abundant prairie tract between both the Ghaggar river and the southern limits of the depression of the Saraswati canal, the Khadir is also called Nali. According to the khadar map, these regions get flooded during the rains.  

Khadar and Bangur

In the Indo-Gangetic regions of North India and Pakistan, Khadar basha and Bangur are words being used Hindi, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu to understand the two different kinds of river plains and alluvial soils. In the Doab areas, the areas of Bangur and Kadir are commonly found. Some villagers may have both the areas of Khadar as well as Bangar under their annual limit.

Difference Between Khadar and Bangur



The Khadar soils tend to exist in the lower regions of the valley. The bottom of a valley is found to be flooded each year.

The Bhangar soils exist in the upper reaches, approximately 30m far above the level of flood.

The texture of these soils is smoother.

These kinds of soils are found to be coarser in texture.

The Khadar soils are much more fertile as they are located almost annually in the low lying areas of the base of a valley that are flooded.

As these are located on the upper reaches, approximately 30m above the flood stage, these soils are far less fertile.

This is a kind of lowland formed up of old alluvium.

This is a kind of highland formed up of old alluvium.

It is highly suitable for intensive cultivation.

It is unsuitable for cultivation.

It is also called pet in the regions of Punjab.

It is also called dhaya in the regions of Punjab.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. The Khadar is Observed to be Highly Fertile. Why?

Ans. The khadar is observed to be highly fertile as Due to flood water that hits every year. The Khadar area is covered by Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal. The texture of these soils is smoother. The khadar map represents that khadar is quite light in colour and consists of more recent deposits.

Q2. Define Doab.

Ans. Doab can be defined as the Land present between two tributaries of a river. It is a place where two small rivers merge and contribute to the creation of a large river. The small streams can be a river's tributaries as well. The Indo-Gangetic plains consist of alternating regions of rivers, bangar, and khadir as the North India is run by a multitude of Himalayan rivers that split the plains across doabs. Doab consists of the centres of the Bangar and peripheries of the khadir, that border the rivers.