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What are the 7 Continents and their Countries?

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Our planet is divided into basically two categories namely landmasses and the water bodies. 71% of the total area of the Earth consists of water in the form of oceans and the rest 29% consists of the landmasses called continents. You will find 7 continents and 5 oceans here on the planet. In this article, we will be talking about the landmasses i.e continents. We will be covering which are the continents of the world, continents by area, facts about various continents along with their maps, etc. This article will help you understand about the basic concepts of Geography and about the world. This article will be helpful for Class 6 students and the upper classes as well.

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World Map Seven Continents

The landmasses present on the Earth are known as continents. These continents are further divided into a number of countries or islands. Here, we will cover all the continents of the world map. 7 continents of the world and its countries and other related important information are mentioned below:


1. Asia

  • It is the largest continent.

  • In terms of land area, it covers about one-third of the total land.

  • It is present in the Eastern Hemisphere.

  • There are 48 countries as recognized by the United Nations and few dependencies and other territories which can be seen in the map.

  • 2 countries of this continent is shared with Europe ie. Russia and Turkey.

  • 1 country namely Palestine only has observer status of the United nations and not yet recognised as a separate country.

  • The largest country in the world i.e. Russia is present here.

  • It is also known as the most populous Continent as well because more than 4.6 billion people as of 2021 live here.

  • The two most populous countries are present here.

  • It also consists of World's highest mountain ranges.

  • The Ural Mountains separate it from Europe and the Sinai Peninsula & Red sea separate it from Africa.

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2. Africa

  • It is the second largest.

  • All the three lines that are the Equator, Tropic of Cancer, and Tropic of Capricorn pass through this.

  • Most of its part lies in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • The Great Sahara Desert of the World is present here.

  • The longest river in the world is also present here.

  • 54 countries are here along with nine dependent territories which can be seen in the map.

  • Around 15% of the total population of the world live here.

  • Algeria is the largest and Seychelles is the smallest country here. 

  • The famous and second-largest lake in the world i.e. Lake Victoria is also part of this continent.

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3. North America

  • It is the third-largest.

  • A very narrow strip of land namely the isthmus of Panama connects it with South America.

  • It is present in the North-West Hemisphere.

  • It consists of 23 countries as well as 9 dependencies.

  • Canada is the largest whereas St Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country.

  • The largest island of the world namely Greenland is part of this.

  • The largest freshwater lake namely Lake superior is part of this continent.

  • The Bering strait separates it from Russia or we can say from Asia.

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4. South America

  • It is the 4th largest.

  • It mostly lies in the Southern Hemisphere.

  • The lungs of our planet i.e. the great Amazon forest are present here.

  • The longest river namely Amazon also flows here.

  • The longest mountain ranges namely the Andes are also part of this continent.

  • 12 countries are present here along with 3 dependencies.

  • Brazil is the largest whereas Suriname is the smallest country here.

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5. Antarctica 

  • It is the 5th largest.

  • It completely lies in the southern hemisphere.

  • The south pole is the center of this continent.

  • It is covered with ice sheets.

  • No human settlements are there.

  • Research stations of many countries are present here.

  • The name of such research stations there is Maitri and Dakshin Gangotri.

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6. Europe

  • It comes at 6th number in terms of size.

  • The combination of Europe and Asia is called Eurasia.

  • It is surrounded by different water bodies from the three sides.

  • The Arctic Circle passes through it.

  • 50 countries are present here.

  • It has few countries which it shares with other continents like Asia and Africa.

  • The smallest country namely the Vatican City of the world is part of this.

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7. Australia

  • It is the smallest continent.

  • It is actually an island country.

  • It lies in the Southern Hemisphere.

  • It has 6 states namely Western Australia, Southern Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Tasmania.

  • It is the largest country without any land border.

  • The biggest coral reef in the world namely the Great Barrier Reef is present here.

  • Some also consider it as the largest island in the world but most of the geologists considers it only a continent or a country. 

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Conclusion:

Thus, in this article we have covered the continents and information related to it. We have learned 7 continents of the world, where are they located, number of countries present in each continent, sequence of the continents as per their size and area, etc. With the help of these notes, you will be able to answer the questions such as which are the 7 continents, short notes on any one continent, where are they located, etc. We believe that these notes will be helpful for all the students from Class 6 or upper classes. This article will also increase your knowledge as well about the world. You can also check other articles and important notes on our website i.e. www.vedantu.com. We believe that these notes will be helpful for you in your studies.


We have read what are the continents, what are the continents of the world and their countries and other related facts. Let’s practice some FAQs:

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Question 1. What are the 7 Continents of the World? What Continent is Australia Located in?

Answer. The landmasses present on planet earth are termed as continents whereas the large water bodies present on earth are known as Oceans. Earth consists of 7 continents namely Asia, Europe, Australia, North America, South America and Africa, in which Asia is the largest and Australia is the smallest. Asia is a continent present in the eastern Hemisphere, Europe is in the west of Asia, North America is present in the Northern -Western Hemisphere, Africa and South America is present in both Northern and Southern hemispheres whereas Australia and Antarctica are the continents which are completely present in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia is a separate continent and there are no countries in it because it is also a country as a whole.

Question 2. Write a Short Note on the Continent Asia.

Answer. Asia is known as the largest continent in the world. In terms of land area, it covers about one-third of the total land. It is present in the Northern-Eastern Hemisphere. There are 48 countries  which are recognized by the United Nations and few dependencies and other territories. 2 countries of this continent is shared with Europe ie. Russia and Turkey. 1 country namely Palestine only has observer status of the United nations and not yet recognised as a separate country. The largest country in the world i.e. Russia is present here. It is also known as the most populous Continent as well because more than 4.6 billion people as of 2021 live here. The two most populous countries are present here. It also consists of World's highest mountain ranges. The Ural Mountains separate it from Europe and the Sinai Peninsula & Red sea separate it from Africa.